Traditionally, it is believed that the capital of a state should be the largest and certainly the most significant city. For example, Washington is much smaller than New York.
Nevertheless, the capital still usually appears to be a densely populated metropolis. But is this possible for tiny states? In their case, the capitals are small, either in area or in size. These small but important cities will be discussed below.
Male. This city is called the smallest capital in the world. True, Male earned this title for his modest size, and not for his population. The area of the capital of the Republic of Maldives is less than 2 km². At the same time, the city is elongated - it is about 2 kilometers long and less than a kilometer wide. Almost the entire capital is located on the island of the same name in the very center of the Maldives archipelago. Also, one of the districts of the city ended up on the neighboring island of Vilingile. The town is so small that there is no room for the basic municipal services that support it. So, on one of the islands there is an airport, on the other - a poultry farm, there is a prison island and a fuel storage island. In the Maldives, Male is generally the only city and island. In order to increase its territory, it was generally necessary to restore the land. Male is the cultural, economic and political center of the Republic. The city is called the City of the Sultans, and the island is called the Royal. After all, historically it so happened that the royal dynasties ruled the Maldives from here. The capital itself, despite its size, is densely populated. 65 thousand people permanently live here, there are also many tourists and foreign workers. This is almost a third of the total population of the republic. The capital is almost completely built up, however, with low-rise buildings. There is almost no free space in Male, but there is enough greenery on the streets. Now the city began to build up with modern and tall buildings. An interesting feature of the city is dry law. Alcohol is allowed here only for tourists, and only in hotels. The townspeople themselves will be severely punished for drinking alcohol.
Adamstown. And this capital of the tiny state of Pitcairn can be called the smallest in terms of the number of people living here. The city is named after John Adams, an English sailor. He took part in the uprising aboard the Bounty, and later settled on Pitcairn Island and led the local colony. In total, there are five islands in the state that is a protectorate of Great Britain. Inhabited is Pitcairn, which sheltered the only settlement in the country. The capital is located in the central and northern part of the island. In total, 69 people lived in Adamstown in 2011, the area of the city is 4.6 km². The population is the descendants of rebels from the Bounty and several settlers from Tahiti. The city has its own square, church and bell tower. Although the island is remote from the whole world, there is television, telephony, and the local school and the Internet. However, the main mode of communication is radio. Although the population is engaged in agriculture and fishing here, the main income of the country's economy comes from the issue of postage stamps. Tourists come to the remote island, but they have to live not in hotels (which simply do not exist), but with local residents. The main and only attraction of the capital is the house where Adams lived.
Ngerulmud. The Republic of Palau is located in the Philippine Sea. The capital of the island state is not even a city, but a village. It is located in the state of Melekeok on the island of Babeltuap. It is the country's largest island and the second largest in all of Micronesia. The entire state is home to about 400 people, of which 270 are in the capital's village. By the way, in 2006, the capital moved there from the village of Milekeok. By the way, she is not the only one on the island. In addition to agriculture and fishing, residents here are engaged in the tourism business. After all, the island attracts guests with its untouched nature, sandy beaches. In the sea - sharks, in the lake on the island - crocodiles, why not a paradise vacation?
Vatican. Despite its tiny size, the city plays an important role in world life. After all, this state (it is also the city and the capital) is the capital of the Catholic Church. The Vatican got its name from the name of the hill Mons Vaticanus, which means "place of fortune-telling." Due to the small area (0.44 km²), even the capitals of foreign countries are located in Rome. Surprisingly, it turned out that the Italian Embassy in the Vatican is located in the Italian capital. The Vatican was once the center of the Papal State, but it has disappeared, and the city has existed in its present form since 1929. The population of the Vatican is 836 people. Almost all the inhabitants of the Vatican are clergy. These are cardinals, clergy, about a hundred Swiss guards and about 40 laymen. At the same time, citizenship is not inherited and is not given by birth. It is possible to become a resident of the Vatican only through serving the Church. Ethnically, the population of the Vatican is almost entirely Italian, with the exception of the Swiss guard. During the day, about 3 thousand Romans arrive in the city to work. The Vatican has its own 700-meter railway and a helipad. It has its own radio station and newspapers. Thus, the city is very modern, even owning its own domain on the Internet.
Monaco-Ville. This European principality is very famous. After all, there is the Monte Carlo casino, the Formula 1 stage is held. Few people know, but the principality is divided into 10 districts. One of them, Monaco-villa, is considered the official capital of the country. The area of this place, an old town on a rocky promontory, is 184,750 m² and has a population of only 1,034. The main attractions of the capital are the Cathedral of St. Nicholas and the Oceanographic Museum. The latter was established in 1910 and at one time was headed by Jacques-Yves Cousteau himself. Tourists also visit the Chapel of Mercy, this building was built in 1639. Monaco-Ville is the seat of the princes of a small state and also a tourist attraction.
Stanley. The capital of the Falkland Islands is also known as Port Stanley and Puerto Argentino. It is the only city in the archipelago. It is located in East Falkland. The 2006 census showed that 2115 people live here. The original capital was Port Louis, just to the north. However, the authorities decided to build a new city, transferring management functions to it. Construction of Port Stanley began in 1843, and the relocation of government offices took place a couple of years later. The new capital received its name in honor of Lord Stanley, who was the Secretary of State of the colonies. The city is interesting not only for its residences, but also for the Falkland Islands Museum, there is also an Anglican Cathedral.
San Marino. This dwarf state in Southern Europe is one of the oldest on the continent, it was founded back in 301 by Saint Marino. A Christian and former stonemason found refuge here from persecution. Today the population of the country is 32 thousand people, of which 4600 live in the capital, the city of San Marino. Its area is about 7 km². The capital is located on the terraces of the Monte Titano mountain. The government of the country, government agencies, a printing house, and newspaper offices are located here. Schools and medicine in the city are free. There is a railway from San Marino to Rimini, Italy, half of it is located under the Monte Titano mountain. The main tourist attractions of the capital are concentrated in its historical center - these are ancient towers, a basilica, the Public Palace and the State Museum.
Funafuti. There is a small island state called Funafuti in the Pacific Ocean. Its capital is officially the whole Funafuti atoll. It has sheltered 5070 people, being the most populous in the country. There are 4 villages here, in one of which, Vaiaku, the government is located. In addition to traditional-style houses with palm leaves in the capital, there are also modern concrete buildings. On Funafuti there was a place for both the airport and the runway. The main local attraction is the Tuvalu Church. Another interesting object is the remains of an American plane that crashed here. The fact is that the atoll was used by the Americans in the year of World War II as an airfield.
Vaduz. This city is the capital of the principality of Liechtenstein, and the national parliament is also located here. According to the latest data, the population of Vaduz was about 5300 people. Surprisingly, in a country with a population of 36 thousand, the capital is not the largest city. As many as 700 more people live in neighboring Shan. And the first mention of Vaduz dates back to the XIII century. With the formation of the principality of Liechtenstein, the city of Vaduz near the princely castle of the same name and received the status of the capital. Now the castle has become a tourist attraction, it can be seen from anywhere in the city. Vaduz is also interesting for its cathedral, town hall and government house. These buildings show how urban architecture has changed throughout history. In Vaduz there are also several interesting museums at once, this is generally a developed tourist center. True, the city is one of the few capitals where there is no airport or railway station. But bus transport is well developed here.
Lobamba. Who said that the country should have one capital? Swaziland, located in South Africa, refutes stereotypes. There are as many as two capitals - Mbabane is official, and Lobamba is parliamentary and royal. If the first city is quite large, with a population of up to 100 thousand people, the second is tiny. The population of Lobamba is only 5,800 people. The distance between the two capitals is only 16 kilometers. Lobamba has several unique attractions. This is the Royal Palace and the National Museum. In the cultural village, tourists can see how the local inhabitants lived in the hive settlement. In honor of the Queen Mother in the capital, every year in August-September, a holiday is held, the Reed Dance.
La Valletta. The capital of Malta is often referred to simply as Valletta. The city is located in the northeast of the island. The climate here is mild, Mediterranean. It is interesting that there are no rivers in the city, as well as on the island. Therefore, for their needs, the population collects rainwater and uses desalination plants. The capital of the country is home to about 7 thousand people. They are descendants of the Phoenicians, who colonized the island in antiquity. The settlement on the site of the capital appeared about 3 thousand years ago. The island itself passed from hand to hand many times. The history of Valletta dates back to the moment when local knights led by Jean de La Valletta repulsed the attack of numerous Turks. Then it was decided to build a fortified city that would help withstand future attacks. On March 28, 1566, Valletta was laid down and built quickly, thanks to numerous Christian donations. When the island of Malta became independent in 1974, Valletta became its official capital. Today there are many historical sights and museums. So, the building of Auberge de Provence was built back in 1574, once the whole city life was raging here. The only university in Malta, founded back in 1769, operates in Valletta.