Often, residents of multi-million dollar megacities just want to take and move to some quiet small town. And the most important thing is that such dimensions do not prevent places to carry proudly the title - City.
Hum. It was this city that got into the Guinness Book of Records as the smallest in the world. In 2001, only 17 people lived here. This walled city is located on the top of one of the hills in Croatia. In total, 7 out of 13 houses are inhabited here, located on two streets. There is a 12th century Romanesque church, and the parish church is already 200 years old. The appearance of the city has changed little over the past 1000 years. The city is governed by the mayor, who is elected by a council of men at a stone table. True, the position is largely symbolic, combined with the main job. The main task of the head of the city is to participate in official events. The city also has its own doctor, policeman, judge, firefighter and even its own website on the Internet. According to legend, Hum was built by giants, and the status of the city was obtained in the 11th century. It is said that during the city's heyday, up to 300 people lived here.
Dyurbui. This Belgian town is vying for the fame of being the smallest in the world. Its population is about 300 people. For the first time, the castle appeared here in 889, and the first mention of the town dates back to the XI century. By the beginning of the 14th century, Dyurbui had acquired city walls, police and a court. This allowed it to receive the status of a city in 1331. Today, despite its tiny size, the status has not changed. The atmosphere of the Middle Ages is preserved here, and the city lives at the expense of numerous tourists. Houses are located at the foot of the castle. They are made of austere gray stone, and the pavement has remained cobbled since time immemorial. The town is also famous for its park of artistically trimmed trees. It is the largest in the world. There are also horses with riders, deer, swans, crocodiles.
Rabshtein nad Strzela This Czech city has only 20 inhabitants. Rabstein received the status of a city back in 1337, thanks to King Jan of Luxembourg. Today there is only one street that ends in a small square. The local pride is the remains of a 14th century Gothic castle. On its basis, then deputies in the Baroque style grew. The town flourished in the Middle Ages, where oil shale was mined. And by the 19th century, only 500 people lived in the town. Today, most of the houses here are used as summer cottages; Czechs sometimes come to rest in a quiet town not far from the capital.
Maza. This town is located in America, in the state of North Dakota. According to the latest census, only 4 people lived here - 2 men and 2 women. The area of the town is 23.4 km². The city was founded in 1893 and existed in this status until 2002. By the way, in America there are 7 more cities with a population of 5 people.
Chekalin. The smallest town in Russia is Chekalin. A little less than a thousand people live here. The city appeared here in the 16th century, for a long time it was called Likhvin. And even earlier there was a fortress, a border Russian outpost. In 1944 it was renamed in honor of the Hero of the Soviet Union Chekalin. It was here that this 16-year-old partisan was executed. Chekalin is located on the left bank of the Oka, from here 100 kilometers to Tula. The 50s seem to have frozen here, although desolation is felt. Three stores remained open, while the rest were closed. There are many boarded up windows and doors in the city; only one church of the 19th century remains. Once located on the outskirts of the city, the prison is now given to communal apartments.
Vatican. This city is also a state. The Vatican is located in the very center of Rome. Here, on the territory of 0.44 km², about 800 people live permanently. Almost all of them are ministers of the church. In ancient Rome, this place was uninhabited, considered holy. In 326, Christians erected the Basilica of Constantine here over the supposed tomb of St. Peter. Since then, this place has been populated. The papal state existed here from the 7th century to 1870, but from 1929 the Vatican appeared on the map in its modern form. The economy of the city-state is non-profit. The Vatican lives mainly on donations and tourism. There are armed forces and gendarmerie here. Almost all the inhabitants of the Vatican are Italians, except for the Swiss guards.
Lanurtide Wells. This English city is home to about 600 people. So it would have remained just another inconspicuous town, but it is here that the World Swamp Triathlon Championship is held every year. The site has also hosted several other unusual events, such as the man versus horse marathon. The city is said to be the smallest in the UK. Lanurtide Wells emerged as a typical resort town. After all, there is a large man-made lake nearby.
Kallaste. The town of Kallaste is located on the shores of Lake Peipsi in Estonia. Until 1923 it was called the Red Mountains. This is due to the red sandstone, which is quite abundant around. The Estonian word “kallas” means “shore”. The main occupation of the local population is fishing. Most of the population here are Russians. Estonians are only 20%. Kallaste was founded in the 18th century; in 1938 it received the status of a town. Only 115 people live in the town, and the entire area of Kallaste is less than 2 km².
Beile-Tushnad. This city is the smallest in all of Romania. It is home to only about 1,700 people. It was founded in 1842, and the city status was obtained only in 1968. This mountain resort is very attractive for its mineral springs. Pilgrims have long looked after these places with their healing water. Local sources were mentioned as early as the 17th century. The city has both a Catholic cathedral and an Orthodox church. The majority of the population here are Romanian Hungarians-Sekels.
Melnik. But in Bulgaria the smallest town is Melnik. Only 390 people live in it. The name of the town was given by steep chalk cliffs, of which there are many in the vicinity. Melnik was first mentioned in documents dating back to the 11th century. In 1215 the city became the center of an independent feudal principality. The remains of the fortress of those times have survived to this day. In 1395, the city became part of the Ottoman Empire. Melnik fell into decay for a long time. The situation improved only at the beginning of the 19th century. Then winemaking and tobacco cultivation developed here. The city is very careful about the old buildings, and the new ones are being created in the style of the Middle Ages. As a result, the city does not change much outwardly. There is a Boryar house in the east of the city. This Byzantine building has stood here since the beginning of the 13th century. This is the oldest building of that time in the entire Balkans. Today there are traditional Bulgarian crafts in Melnik. The city itself is a cultural reserve.