A phobia is an irrational, intense and constant fear of certain situations, actions, people, or things. Usually, this is due to some irritant, or an exacerbating situation, but the fear itself defies logical explanation.
The American Psychological Association says phobias are among the most common mental disorders affecting 11% of all people on the planet.
There are thousands and thousands of strange and unusual disorders of this kind in the world, let's talk about the 10 most massive and amazing of them, but nevertheless quite serious.
Ablutophobia - fear of bathing, swimming, washing or cleaning. This phobia occurs most often in women and children. Most of them agree to take a bath only in the most extreme cases, when it is necessary to take a clean look. It is important to note that ablutophobia is difficult to diagnose in children, as many of them do not like bathing anyway. Like all other phobias, this one is usually associated with traumatic events from the past. This fear can become quite serious as a result, as poor hygiene can lead to social problems and illness. To get rid of such a situational phobia, both general methods of treatment and the impact of various methods of cognitive-behavioral therapy are chosen.
Caliginephobia is the fear of beautiful women. This is a form of gynephobia, a common fear of women. The same variety makes a person afraid of the best representatives of the fairer sex. This phobia can be socially highly destructive for a person, depending on the level of damage. Symptoms include rapid breathing and shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, nausea, sweating, panic attacks, and a feeling of fear. Caliginephobia, although it is observed most often in men, can manifest itself in adolescent children, as well as in women. Systematic desensitization and cognitive behavioral therapy are common approaches to addressing this phobia.
Anglophobia is a fear of England and its culture. As it turned out, people are afraid not only of phenomena and other people, but of entire countries. This phobia includes fear of all English speakers. The term is even used in an attempt to discriminate against the English people, but this is wrong. Anglophobia is a very real disorder, which, moreover, has historical roots. In 2005, researchers at the University of Glasgow found that the patient's condition improved significantly with any contact with the frightening country. So, an English friend and communication with him significantly reduces the chances of anglophobia. With regard to discrimination against the British, it is enough to mention the following case - one of the pipeline engineers from Dublin, Ireland, received 20 thousand pounds in 2008 as compensation for cruel treatment and discrimination, since he was an Englishman.
Spectrophobia is fear of ghosts and mirrors. People with this disease are terrified of all sorts of reflections and ghosts. Indeed, ghosts are also unpleasant for most of us, but people with such a disease may believe that they are the creations of powerful black magic, which are looking for an opportunity to steal a soul or life. Like most people with one or another phobia, here the reason should be sought in the presence of mental or physical trauma in life. Usually this experience can be associated precisely with ghosts or unexplained phenomena. Symptoms can range from a mild and unpleasant feeling, to full-blown anxiety and even panic. This rare disease, however, can usually be diagnosed by oneself, since anyone can feel how this fear prevents him from functioning normally. Some treatments include traditional talking therapy, self-hypnosis, support groups, and relaxation techniques.
Dendrophobia - fear of trees. This fear of the surrounding trees or forest is common enough. One of the problems with dealing with this phobia is that patients hide the disorder, fearing ridicule and insults in return. Persons with such fears are literally gripped by fear, being among the dense forest. They begin to feel trapped and suffocate. There is a fear of attack, anxiety, panic rises. Avoiding trees can be difficult. Other symptoms of the disorder may include rapid breathing, sweating, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, nausea, and intense fear. Many cases have been documented in which patients perceive forest trees as products of darkness and evil. To get rid of a phobia requires the impact of a number of programs, in particular therapy, the use of drugs and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Horophobia - fear of dancing. This phobia is defined as an irrational fear of dance moves. Often a person is afraid that he will be called to dance or he will start dancing himself. This phobia is associated with social problems - shyness, fear of large crowds. The symptoms are labored or rapid breathing, irregular heartbeat, all the same nausea, sweating and panic. At the same time, a person either "turns to stone", unable to move, or seeks to leave the place where the dances are held. The problem can manifest itself seriously when a person is forced to dance. Personal therapy is considered a good method of treatment; hypnosis is possible. Many sufferers of this phobia hire a personal trainer who can be completely trusted with their fear. It will help you to get rid of insecurities and improve your dancing skills.
Homychlophobia - fear of fog. This fear is an exaggerated fear of a seemingly harmless natural phenomenon. This disorder can cause extreme panic in patients. Some people are even so carried away by escapes from fogs that they deliberately move to those geographical places where there is little rainfall and low humidity. People with such a phobia have a highly developed imagination, they see terrible visions in the surrounding fog. Some can even see deep tunnels there, experiencing a crazy sense of fear. This phobia is widespread enough, people with it are registered in 67 countries of the world. Various cognitive methods are considered for treatment. Proven direct effects help to cope well with the problem. There is also great benefit to people with homychlophobia from behavioral therapy.
Cypriotophobia is the fear of prostitutes or of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. This fear is also irrational. Phobia has existed for several generations, it got its name from the island state of Cyprus, the syndrome is also called venerophobia, after the Roman goddess of love. People with this phobia have a deadly fear of sexually transmitted diseases. Such a disease is quite serious, patients with it experience a feeling of horror and fear, panic, they are seized with trembling and anxiety, people quickly become weak and lose consciousness. Patients often lose sleep and become depressed, which damages their social behavior. Cypriotophobia can lead to a complete rejection of any sexual relations and maximum isolation from people of the opposite sex. People with such a serious illness live all over the world.
Nobody phobia is fear of the dark. This disease is characterized by a frenzied fear of the dark. It is usually associated with children, but there are adults with this phobia. Many of them simply hide their fear from others and from themselves. This phobia is so devastating that it can lead to disability and hospitalization in adults. Patients experience uncontrollable fear, terrible images of what awaits them and can happen in the dark are constantly spinning in their heads. Little is known about the emotional aspects of nymphobia today, but television shows, horror films, and bizarre stories are believed to cause such fears in children. Patients respond to this phobia both emotionally and psychologically. Chest pains, choking and discomfort, dizziness and loss of reality, as well as trembling and sweating may occur. It is very difficult for persons suffering from nyphobia to fall asleep. One treatment for the disorder is psychotherapy, while other treatments include desensitization and stimulant therapy. To solve the problem, psychologists often try to return a person to his past and understand - what caused the fear? When did it first appear, and how did you feel? You can correct your memories and imagine a happy ending - turning on the light, the appearance of relatives. Fear of the dark is often associated with loneliness, in such cases it is recommended to leave the TV on or have a pet. Some doctors also believe that the fear of the dark develops due to a lack of minerals in the body that support a normal emotional state. Doctors recommend normalizing food, taking walks in the fresh air.
Methyphobia - fear of alcohol. In this case, the person experiences a rather intense and irrational fear of alcohol. People suffering from this phobia not only avoid any alcohol consumption options themselves, but also shy away from anyone who drinks. For such patients, any situations where alcohol is present are completely unacceptable - weddings, family celebrations, and other holidays. Usually people with methyphobia, at least once, but in real life, have received some kind of trauma associated with alcohol consumption. Perhaps it was parental abuse or personal unpleasant memories. When it comes to methyphobia, there are a wide variety of broad symptoms. Some people sweat quickly and frequently, feeling uncomfortable with alcohol, while others experience severe anxiety and panic attacks. Someone experiences dry mouth, numbness, dizziness, tremors and heart palpitations, a feeling of loss of control and impending doom. The disorder is usually self-diagnosed and treated with behavioral and cognitive therapies. Basically, treatment is carried out by the suggestion that patients themselves may not drink alcohol, but other people may well.