Fraudsters operate in different spheres of human life, adapting their schemes to different conditions. Tourists, people unfamiliar with the realities of a foreign country and gullible by definition, enjoy a special "love" of swindlers. Not all of them are used against our tourists, but it is still worth familiarizing yourself with the common methods of deception.
Fake vacation clubs. There are organizations that invite those who wish to free dinners or buffets held in luxury hotels. In exchange for food and cheap gifts, there is a multi-hour promotional presentation. Visitors are invited to buy the right to a guaranteed annual travel vacation if they pay a one-time amount. Usually everything is surrounded by an atmosphere of "now or never", which forces you to make a decision as quickly as possible. However, when trying to get his first round, a good-natured person begins to understand that everything does not go as promised. To protect yourself from such scammers, you need to remember the following. First of all, any promise must be certified in writing, and your right to cancel your membership in the club must also be noted there. The most important thing is the ability to take the contract home and think about it. It is these criteria that distinguish a fake club from a real one. The safest approach to organizing your vacation is not to contact such clubs at all, but to use the services of a trusted operator or select tours yourself via the Internet.
Winning a free ride. Usually scammers call by phone and inform by electronic voice that it is enough to press any of the numbers to win a tourist train. Naturally, curiosity wins and the person connects with the operator, who says that only a part of the trip has been won, the cost is, say, $ 2,000, and in order to receive the full prize, you need to pay only 500-700 dollars. To confirm the payment, they usually ask for credit card details, after which the amount of money is withdrawn from it, which may come as a surprise to you. Therefore, it is worth understanding a simple rule - if you are informed that you have won a prize in a competition in which you did not participate, then this is most likely a scam. In our country, scammers do not hesitate to stop gullible citizens on the street, playing in a similar way not only tourist trips, but also household appliances. After paying part of the prize, there will be no trace of the scammers.
Purchase a travel agent card. Sometimes fraudsters are offered to purchase a certain travel agent card, which will save 50 to 70% of the cost of tours and places in hotels. Gullible citizens are promised that it will take no more than 15 minutes to issue such a card. This scheme is often carried out using the Internet. Naturally, the travel agent card itself is not free, but its sellers guarantee that with its help the costs will quickly pay off, since the owner will be able to claim special rates for employees of this business area. By sending the credit card details, in return, the person really receives a card, only presenting it with a demand to reduce prices will cause laughter. Therefore, if you really want to get a job in the tourism business and enjoy some advantages, then you should look for it in a proven way - through recruitment agencies.
Tour prepayment. This scheme is as old as the world and the most expensive, at least for the UK. The company takes money from the client for a future trip, and then suddenly closes. Naturally, there is no question of any obligations and refunds. Yes, sometimes this can be the result of the collapse of someone's business, but more often this happens thanks to scammers. To protect yourself from such a case, you should pay careful attention to the insurance, make sure that it will cover all the troubles from disrupting the trip.
Fake employee. Recently, scammers have been trying to do everything possible to get their victim's credit card in their hands for a while until the person suspects something was wrong. This can happen when a tourist pays, for example, for lunch. Recently, however, attackers have begun to use a different method, they call the number late at night, claiming that there are problems with the account and to resolve them, they need to go downstairs with a card to the receptionist. Naturally, a sleepy tourist tries to solve the problem as quickly as possible, simply dictating the credit card number over the phone, which is what the scammers are trying to achieve. To avoid this, you should carefully control who you give your credit card number to and what happens to it when it disappears from sight. After each trip, you should carefully check the balance of the account, remember, any illegal card transaction provides for compensation.
A fake police officer. This classic scenario works almost always, we all favor the representatives of the law, moreover, being abroad. Usually tourists get to know someone who, with the help of alcohol or interesting stories, is rubbed into trust. Further, a situation is created in which the tourist is involved in the center of the scandal (a fight, planted drugs or other illegal actions). Immediately there are "police" who threaten a long term in prison, but agree to peacefully settle the issue for a certain amount of money. In a panic, tourists usually agree to pay off so as not to experience problems. To prevent this from happening, you need to carefully approach the problem of alcohol, drugs and casual acquaintances in a foreign country. If such a situation has already occurred, then it is necessary to draw the attention of others to it and, perhaps, real policemen. It can be difficult, though, if it is a completely illegal act. If the conversation takes place in private and in a dark alley, then in this case it is better not to argue, to pay and draw appropriate conclusions.
Currency exchange scams. Exchange offices are often involved in fraudulent schemes. By being flattered on a profitable rate, you can actually get an amount much less than expected. So, the exchanger can issue the amount in a bundle of small bills, which will be difficult to quickly count. Or, when calculating the money issued, the tourist may be distracted by an outside conversation. There are often cases when cut paper is issued instead of money in opaque envelopes. To avoid this, it is recommended to change money not alone, but with someone. A partner will help you focus on money by taking on the reflection of distractions. After the exchange, it is recommended to take a check, you need to choose static institutions, not individuals, on the street. In any case, there will be where to come with the police. Another way, though quite legal, to deceive a tourist is to play with a course. So, after the exchange, the amount may turn out to be significantly lower than expected, since the sign, as it turned out, indicates the exchange rates exclusively for large amounts. The difference in such cases can be quite significant. Usually travel agencies recommend that you listen to a guide who will recommend trusted exchange points.
A local drinking companion. Many are familiar with the scheme, when an attractive guy or girl sits down with you in a bar for the purpose of dating, you drink together, and the stranger then receives a part of the profit received from the attracted orders from the bar. This practice is generally accepted, only in some resorts scammers use it with much more serious consequences for the victim. A narcotic substance may be mixed into your drink, as a result the tourist will wake up cleaned to the skin in an unfamiliar place. Therefore, while enjoying communication in such a situation, do not forget to keep an eye on your glasses, but rather give preference to bottles in general. And you should not lose your head in any situation, even the most seductive interlocutor, perhaps, is looking for his own motives for communicating with you. It's good if it's just innocent bar commissions.
Private cab. A trip in a private taxi abroad almost always involves the risk of at least paying twice the fare, or visiting a series of unwanted and intrusive souvenir shops, and, at most, becoming a victim of a robbery. The recipe is simple - never use private taxis in an unfamiliar country.
Istanbul shoe shiners. Sometimes scammers are pretty harmless. So, in Istanbul, shoe shiners have developed a whole scenario that allows them to make money on tourists. Thus, a brush is thrown on the way of a foreigner. While a polite and helpful tourist gives it to the cleaner, he offers to serve the assistant for free. Who can resist this? During the cleaning process, the tourist is told a sentimental story of the hard life of a worker, after which it will be impossible to deny him financial assistance. And you will be protected from such a hard fraud, just console yourself with the fact that you essentially paid the cleaner for his service. Russian tourists tell stories when in India they themselves were looking for cleaners, as some passers-by deliberately stained their shoes with feces.
Bustle around the metal detector. This scheme is usually used. The tourist lays out his things on the container, but the next person from the line rushes forward, in a terrible hurry. Then he gets stuck near the detector and for a long time puts out of his pocket every little thing - keys, watches, coins. While you will patiently wait for the end of the performance, the swindler's accomplice will grab the laid out things and hide. To avoid such a situation, it is recommended that you stand firmly on your feet and carefully look after your belongings. And you shouldn't advertise your well-being with your baggage. It is deliberately rich tourists who attract all kinds of scammers.
Dummy bus. The presence and operation of this scheme once again proves how stupid and gullible people are. Insurance companies claim that this type of fraud is common in Canada and the United States. A stranger invites tourists at the bar to participate in a petty fraud. All you have to do is get on the bus and take part in the showdown between the passengers. Everyone will blame the driver for the incident and receive thousands of dollars in compensation from the vehicle owner. A new friend only needs to give a certain amount for information about the bus number and the time of the incident. However, of course, no accidents will happen, the money will end up in the hands of the fraudster.