Information

The most unusual islands

The most unusual islands

The islands have always been considered romantic destinations. The island of Ibiza has become the most popular holiday destination, for the sake of the Serpent Island are political disputes between Romania and Ukraine.

But there are some rather extreme places that are attracted by this. We will tell below about the most unusual islands that attract tourists and explorers.

Izu Islands. When planning to visit these islands, do not forget to bring a gas mask. The archipelago is located south of Tokyo, in the Pacific Ocean. One of the local islands, Miyakejima, is of particular interest to visitors. The fact is that the Oyama volcano is located here, which has woken up 6 times in the last century alone. Magma is constantly boiling under the island. This is the reason that the world's highest natural concentration of sulfurous gases in the air. The content of toxic substances in the air sometimes became so high that the local population was even evacuated. This is exactly what happened in 2000, when sulfur sensors simply went off scale. After 5 years, some daredevils were still allowed to return home. Today they run their household on the island, and do the usual things for the Japanese. But residents are obliged to constantly have a gas mask with them, being ready to put it on at any second. An automated warning system has been set up on the island. As soon as the sulfur dioxide in the air becomes more than the permissible norm, a loud siren starts sounding, forcing people to wear masks. Residents are ready for a piercing howl to be heard at any time of the day. The quick application of gas masks is already a natural thing, unable to even disturb the holiday. The island may look like a post-apocapical place, but tourists still visit it. After all, if you do not smell the area and accept the fact that the command to wear a gas mask can be heard at any moment, then here you can admire the gorgeous nature for a long time. There are many dolphins around the island, it is interesting to dive with scuba diving here. Gas masks have become the pride of the island; they can be purchased at souvenir and tourist shops. At the same time, you can choose any color and size to choose from.

The island of floating pigs. In the Bahamas, there is the uninhabited island of Big Major Cay. Its fame is based on the fact that a whole herd of feral pigs lives here. They are fed by specially hired residents of neighboring islands, in addition, the pigs get a lot of food from tourists. People come to see this miracle of nature from afar. On the island itself there is a small hotel where you can leave your things by going on an excursion. On a boat, tourists swim along the coast. Seeing a person, the pigs rush into the water, swim to him, begging for food. How can you resist? And if the boat runs aground, then the pig can generally unceremoniously climb aboard and eat whatever it sees fit. However, the local pigs are quite friendly. They prefer to endure the heat of the day in the forest, appearing on the beach in the late afternoon. After all, then both the air and the water become cool.

The island of chemical rabbits. The Japanese island of Okunoshima is also called Usagi Shima, which means "rabbit island". This little piece of land in the ocean has a dark story of its own. When Japan signed the Geneva Protocol on the Prohibition of the Use of Poisonous Gases for Military Purposes in 1925, the plant on the island continued to operate. Mustard gas was produced here. As a result, the local factory produced more than 6 thousand tons of mustard gas. The secret place was chosen very well - it was simply erased from geographical maps, and no satellites then flew over the planet. Hazardous production was stopped only after the Second World War. The victims of the plant were local rabbits, on which chemical weapons were tested. After the plant was shut down, the animals were released. On the island they did not have natural enemies, so the eared animals multiplied, becoming the real masters of Okunoshima. In 1988, the factory was converted into a museum, tourists began to visit here. They are greeted and escorted by rabbits whose ancestors were subjected to cruel experiments. The Japanese, as if feeling guilty, adore local animals very much. It is worth noting that the island is also home to the country's tallest electrical transmission pylon. Therefore, local rabbits are not only chemical, but also electrified.

A stumbling block. Rockall Island in the North Atlantic is so small that it's embarrassing to call it a rock. Its height is 29 meters, its length is 31 meters, and its width is 25 meters. It is only natural that such a place is uninhabited. And who would need it? Nevertheless, it turned out that four European states have territorial claims to this place at once. The Rockall Island dispute is ongoing between Ireland, Denmark, Iceland and the UK. The reason is simple - under a lonely rock in the ocean, there are supposedly significant reserves of natural gas and oil. The entire volume is estimated at $ 160 billion. Rockall first appeared in the press in 1904, when a Norwegian steamer crashed nearby. The tragedy claimed the lives of 600 people. Until 1955, Rockall remained forgotten. Suddenly, one day a British military helicopter flew on it, the soldiers hoisted the flag of the United Kingdom on the island. The British feared that the Russians might occupy the island before them and set up an observation post there. In 1972, the island officially became part of Scotland. Rockall was not interested in anyone until 1997. When it became clear that the area of ​​the island contains a lot of hydrocarbons, Greenpeace activists landed on Rockall. They quickly declared the land independent, giving the new country the name of Wavelandia. Even 15,000 passports were printed for the citizens of the new state. By 1999, the funds of the environmentalists were depleted, the rocky settlement had to be removed, and the project was closed. Since then, for Rockall, called the loneliest island in the World Ocean, the mentioned states have been fighting an irreconcilable struggle. After all, each of them dreams of gaining independence from Russia and Norway in matters of gas and oil supplies. There is no end in sight to disputes.

The most remote island in the world. This is Bouvet Island, named after its discoverer. It is located between South Africa and Antarctica. The island is uninhabited as it is covered with ice. But he has his own domain zone on the Internet - "bv". The island became famous with the movie "Alien vs. Predator". After all, the main action takes place in a fictional dungeon just under this deserted ice island. That is the nearest place where people live, 1404 miles from here. The nearby island of Tristan da Cunha, with a population of 271, has cafes, cars and even the Internet. But on Bouvet Island, only animals live - pinnipeds, penguins and sea pizzas. Of the plants, there is only lichen and moss. It is impossible to land on the island from the sea; you can get here only by helicopter. In 1964, a passenger ship was found near Bouvet. All people left it, and the stocks of food and alcohol remained intact. Where all the passengers and crew have gone remains a mystery. In 1979, a bright flash was recorded on the island. There were suggestions that it was an atomic explosion carried out during joint tests of South Africa and Israel, but no official information was received. Perhaps a large meteorite fell on the island. Since 1927, the island has been considered a territory of Norway, it has been given the status of a reserve. Sometimes scientists come here to study the migrations of whales. But not a single person has yet lived here during the coldest season.

The island of poisonous snakes. To the south of it is Sao Paulo, not far from the coast of Brazil, in the ocean lies the island of Keimada Grande. It looks like a heavenly place, it is not touched by man. But there is a simple explanation - the whole island is simply teeming with poisonous snakes. The population density is so high that there are from one to five of them for every square meter. The snakes feed on migratory birds that stop on the island in search of rest. Probably, it is this island that should rightfully be called the Serpent, and not the one in the Black Sea. Local reptiles reach a length of a meter. They are called island botrops or golden cinquefoil. The bite of such snakes is dangerous - in 90% of deaths in Brazil from snake bites, it is the botrops that is to blame. The creatures are so deadly that a patrol of the country's naval forces is constantly on duty near the island, not allowing anyone to approach the island of Keimada Grande. Only a couple of times during the entire time the island was visited by scientists and the crew of the Discovery TV channel. And it’s hard to believe that the Portuguese colonialists once planned to grow bananas here.

Monkey paradise. Monkeys live in many places, but one Caribbean island inhabited by them is simply their paradise. Near the coast of Puerto Rico is an uninhabited piece of land of Cayo. There, in 1938, 409 rhesus monkeys were released. The animals, which are sacred to the Hindus, quickly became accustomed to the closed world. Today, there are already 940 individuals on the island. Animals, unknowingly, are the subject of study by the University of Puerto Rico. The employees take care of the macaques, conducting humane experiments on them. Indeed, even a long simple observation of our distant relatives can provide a lot of useful information. Only a scientist can get to the island to communicate with monkeys. But anyone can watch the monkey paradise. To do this, you just need to rent a boat. You can even see animals swimming in the ocean, because they are not afraid of water.

Spitsbergen. The island is the largest in the Svalbard archipelago. It is located north of Scandinavia in the Arctic Ocean. Spitsbergen officially belongs to Norway. The local town of Longyearbyen is the northernmost settlement with over a thousand people. Moving around the island itself is dangerous - at any moment a polar bear can attack a person. That is why the law obliges everyone to take a firearm with them. Spitsbergen became famous for the UN initiative. Thanks to her, the World Seed Vault was created on the island. It stores samples of seeds of major agricultural plants at low temperatures, which can be useful in the event of some kind of global disaster.

North Sentinel. North Sentinel Island is located in the Bay of Bengal, 32 kilometers west of Smith Island. Its area of ​​72 square kilometers is almost entirely covered with dense forests. The exceptions are several coastal sandy beaches. A mysterious tribe, the Sentinelians, was discovered on the island. They are extremely energetic in resisting any contact with civilization. Aliens are even threatened with death in an excessive desire to get closer to the natives. Such a reluctance to contact scientists, as well as the difficulty of exploring the island itself, has led to the fact that today practically nothing is known about the tribe. Researchers can only guess what language is used by the locals, what is their culture. It is not even clear how many of them live on the island. Although North Sentinel is officially part of the Andaman Islands, the local government has long left the island alone, giving it virtually autonomy.

Saber Island. This island, unusual in many ways, is famous mainly for the fact that it slowly moves across the world's oceans. Moreover, the direction was chosen strictly to the east, and the speed of movement is about 200 meters per year. Scientists are unable to explain the nature of such a phenomenon. After all, the island is the top of an underwater mountain located on a tectonic plate. The movement of the island must mean its movement. However, usually the plates move only a few millimeters during the year. Outwardly, the island actually resembles a saber, or an octopus tentacle. If the length of the Saber is 42 kilometers, then the width is only one and a half. The Canadian island stretches from west to east, and it is located in the Atlantic Ocean, 110 kilometers southeast of Halifax. Scientists at the beginning of the 20th century discovered a strange pattern - the western part of the Saber is constantly under the influence of strong waves and currents. This leads to the destruction of the rocky coast. But the opposite part is always calm. Where did the sandy deposits come from - remains a mystery. As a result, the size of the island remains unchanged, on the one hand, the island collapses, and on the other, it grows due to sand. A couple of dozen scientists are constantly living on the Saber. They keep an eye on meteorological equipment, beacons and a radio station. Another feature of the island is the constant terrible weather on it. Only in July can ships approach Sable, and even then mooring to the shore is complicated by shoals, rocks and reefs. Tourists are not allowed to come here, the territory itself is a nature reserve. However, the Government of Canada may give special permission for a photographer or researcher to come here.

Watch the video: 15 Most Dangerous Places on Earth (October 2020).