Bruce Lee (1940-1973) - American and Hong Kong actor famous for his martial arts skills. Having modest physical data, this person was able to achieve extraordinary speed of movement, strength and sharpness.
Although he managed to star in only 36 films, he became a legend, popularizing martial arts in Europe and America in the second half of the 20th century. About 30 films have been shot about Bruce Lee himself, which in itself claims to be a record.
His death on the set was sudden and shook the whole of Hong Kong. Mystically, history repeated itself - he also died young on the set.
In October 1990, a special issue of Inside Kung F magazine was released, dedicated entirely to Bruce Lee. In it, in particular, many myths about the famous actor are debunked.
The author of the article, John Stephen Soet, says he was personally acquainted with Bruce, although not very closely. With his own material, he tried to dispel all the fog that had formed around the famous actor over the decades.
Lee Bruce myths
Bruce Lee was born in Hong Kong and died on set in America. In fact, the future actor was born on November 27, 1940 in a Chinese hospital in San Francisco. There, in the birth certificate, they put the name Bruce Lee. His mother always dreamed that he would return to America. And death occurred during the filming of the film "Game of Death" just in Hong Kong.
Bruce Lee grew up in a poor family. Bruce's father was Chinese opera actor Lee Hoi Chen, and his mother was a half-German, half-Chinese woman, Grace Lee. By the standards of Hong Kong, their family was not poor - their father rented out several apartments in the city. True, he spent all his money on friends and women, and not on children. As a result, the whole family, their servants and the dog slept in one large room, and they all also ate at one large table. However, even such comfort for many Chinese, huddled in shacks, would seem the ultimate dream. The father, who did not give the children money in principle, unexpectedly agreed to pay Bruce for his kung fu lessons.
Bruce Lee's technique was not combat. It is based only on theory and private practices, but he himself never seriously fought. In fact, Bruce has never avoided fighting in his life. This myth was born thanks to the statements of some tournament fighters, who claimed that the actor never took part there. However, he himself claims that in the 60s such competitions were of little or no contact; taking part in such competitions was like shooting at bottles from an empty pistol. Bruce Lee paid much more attention to personal training. In addition, he grew up on the brutal streets of Hong Kong and was literally a veteran of many street fights, while many of today's champions easily admit that they have never been in real combat. Particularly surprising are some of the tournament fighters who idolized Bruce while he was alive, and now declare their fighting advantage over him and mythical victories.
Bruce Lee began studying Jeet Kune Do after being beaten by a rival instructor. Eyewitnesses mention a slightly different version of the development of events. Bruce's teacher was Master Ip Man, who taught that classical Chinese kung fu should not become known to foreigners. However, the future actor opened his own school in the United States, in which he taught American techniques. In 1965, Li returned to Hong Kong to complete his studies. However, the master refused to transfer completely the secrets of martial arts to his student. In the course of one of the battles, moreover, he could not defeat his opponent, since he managed to maintain a distance. Then Bruce Lee realized that he should not get attached to any one style of fighting, as this would significantly limit him. Then the concept of a new type of martial art appeared. In fact, Jeet Kune Do techniques were based on Wing Chun techniques, while using combinations of karate and taekwondo, elements of boxing and judo were included. Those theories that Bruce Lee expounded in the press and books were mainly a mixture of Wing Chun theories and Chinese philosophers of Taoism with Western boxing and judo.
Dan Inosanto became a follower of Bruce Lee after he beat him. In 1964, Bruce and Dan held a training match in California. Inosanto struck a blow that the referee simply did not notice. After the match, Bruce Lee approached his opponent and admitted: “The blow really was, just your hands are too fast for the eyes of the judges. He just did not have time to notice the movements.” This is how a great friendship began.Now Dan Inosanto is considered not only a friend of the actor, but also his disciple, a follower, a recognized world expert in jeet kune do.
Bruce Lee's foot control was taught by Chuck Norris. Back in 1964, Bruce showed off his incredible arsenal of kicks that were captured on tape. And this happened before meeting Chuck. Now any expert in martial arts, comparing the techniques of these two fighters, will be able to tell that Chuck's technique is obviously of Korean origin, where the blow comes from the hip. This is not surprising, because the actor served in South Korea for a long time, starting there to study martial arts. Whereas the work of Bruce Lee's feet is carried out according to Chinese methods.
The author of Tao Jeet Kune is Bruce Lee. Back in 1967, in his interview, Bruce said that he would like to write a book about his art called “Tao Jeet Kune Do.” In the following years, Lee's attention was occupied with other things, as a result, he even announced that he had abandoned the idea of writing such a book. After all, conceptually it was impossible to create such a work, it would be something formless and would not have the right to be called Tao.After the death of the actor, his publisher, who in the first years of his career acquired unlimited rights to use the materials and photographs of the actor, released a certain The author was named Bruce Lee, which expectedly increased the circulation. Some of the chapters were directly copied from other texts, personal notes were also used. This approach does not give reason to consider Bruce Lee to be the author of this Tao.
To make the actor look more effective, the directors deliberately accelerated the video with him. In reality, everything was quite the opposite. Bruce Lee was so fast that when filming on camera, he sometimes became one spot. Therefore, the directors had to slow down his movements with the help of technical means. More frames were shot per second, resulting in a slower action during playback. They shot 32 frames per second, and only 24 were shown. The rumor that the cameras had to be accelerated and gave rise to such a myth - people thought that thereby artificially accelerated the action.
Bruce Lee loved hashish, eventually dying of a drug overdose. This myth comes from a 1983 Penthouse article by Albert Goldman. There, the author directly accuses Bruce of addiction to Nepalese hash resin, which ultimately killed him. The source of this claim was two telephone conversations with Bob Wall and the actor's doctor Charles Langford. Bob said that he once argued with Bruce about the benefits of a couple of glasses of wine to help you relax. Lee himself at that time was fascinated by an article in Playboy about the relaxing effects of hashish. But since he himself did not drink or smoke, he took hash biscuits. Bruce himself also mentioned chewing on cannabis root. However, none of his acquaintances saw the actor in an inadequate state. The nervousness and hysteria attributed to him by Goldman, in fact, in his memories turned out to be only theatricality. Langford himself doubts that the cause of death was precisely the reaction to the drug; in his opinion, marijuana was the culprit. As for addiction to hard drugs, an actor with a significant capital could easily afford opium, and the show business would have treated this with understanding. But Bruce chose practical means for himself to reduce the excessive pressure on his personality. Goldman also wrote biographies of John Lennon and Elvis Presley. In all cases, his works showed rather not the described heroes, but the personality of the writer himself, who simply despised popular heroes, trying in every possible way to roll them into the mud, without checking the facts and misrepresenting the words.
Bruce Lee was impulsive and hot, thinking only of himself. Bruce's hot temper is a fact, but at the same time he knew how to feel and helped others in the area of self-respect. The actor always tried to take part in the problems of others. They say that thanks to him, courage rose, he always emphasized the strengths of the interlocutor. After talking with Bruce, his friends always noted a surge of strength. He was a support for the weak and despised hooligans and bandits.
If all the rumors were false, then Linda Lee would have filed a lawsuit long ago. It is true that the judicial system itself prevents the honor of the actor. When Bruce's family tried to file a lawsuit, they were denied this, since a dead person cannot be the object of slander. So that. Whether we agree or not, legitimately the most unthinkable rumors about Bruce Lee will keep cropping up over and over again.
Bruce Lee was killed. The actor's sudden death immediately gave rise to a lot of myths. He talked about being killed by the mafia for refusing to obey. That he was beaten by 12 bandits and that the actor was killed by the curse for giving out the secret of kung fu to Europeans. In fact, it is enough to look at the facts. In the last two years of his life, Bruce experienced tremendous overload and pressure and wasted a lot of energy. Physically, fighting in hot and humid conditions was not easy, and many takes were required. In addition, Bruce was involved in the script and directing. He was constantly thinking about where to go next. The tension was added by the publicity, coupled with the interest of the press. Bruce was exploited not only by advertisers and producers, but also by old friends, long-lost relatives. Too many saw the actor as only a source of money. As a result, Bruce Lee began to suffer from epilepsy and complain of headaches. In the last days of his life, he stopped training and laughing. According to the official version, the cause of death was an increased sensitivity to drugs, which caused brain edema. So natural sudden death is obvious enough. A month before, a mirror man fell from the roof of Bruce's home in Hong Kong, which, according to legend, drove away trouble from him.
Bruce Lee was cheating on his wife. This myth was born because the actor took the ill-fated pill in Betty Ting Pei's room, falling asleep forever. Fans quickly began to accuse her of all sins. However, she had nothing to do with it - Bruce was loyal to his wife and was not interested in other women. Only cinema and kung fu separated the couple. Bruce Lee, then unknown to anyone, met Linda Emery at the Garfield School, where the Chinese at one time taught. A few months later, Bruce decided to marry a seventeen-year-old blonde. Her parents were categorically against it, but this only accelerated the marriage. The son Brandon and daughter Shannon were born in it.