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Children's nutrition

Children's nutrition

The normal physical and neuropsychic development of the child, the development of immunity to various diseases, depends on a properly constructed diet. A feature of the development of children of all ages is their high need for all food and biological components. The child's food must contain all the necessary nutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts, vitamins, etc.) in the required amount with the correct ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates (respectively 1: 1: 4). In children of senior school age (12-15 years old), due to increased energy costs, the need for carbohydrates increases, and this ratio should be 1: 1: 5.

"Spoon for mom ..." Don't force children to eat when they don't feel like it. Even if you think they are hungry. Some mothers (and fathers) think that the main thing is that the child eats everything that is given to him, and then he will be full. They use persuasion ("Spoon for mom", etc.), requests ("Well, eat, please"), orders ("Eat whoever I'm talking to"), threats ("Until you eat, you won't leave the table "). And the child has to eat, even if he does not want to eat. Alas, there is no need to talk about the benefits, since the food in this case is poorly digested, which means that the child takes another step towards gastrointestinal pathology. Vladimir Levy writes: "A firmly expressed conviction has to be repeated:" You cannot be forced to eat. It is unnatural to force you to eat. Not a single living creature in nature eats under compulsion and does not force youngsters to eat ... ".

You need to eat according to the regimen. In reality, the child needs to be fed when he wants to eat, and not according to the time of the "mythical" regime. Dr. B. Spock describes such an experience. Children from nine months to one and a half years old were given the opportunity to eat what they want by putting various dishes in front of them. The combination of the selected products turned out to be somewhat unusual (for example, herring with cake, etc.), but the selection of nutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, etc.) was in line with modern scientific recommendations. So give me free rein! In the end, a diet is developed that suits my nature.

"Eat this, it's very useful ..." Don't force children to eat what they don't want. If the child's taste is not perverted and the metabolism is not yet disturbed, then it is worth asking what he would like to eat. The child often feels intuitively what foods his body needs at the moment. Listen to his desires.

"Why are you eating so slowly ..." Do not push the children: "Eat soon!", "Well, what are you pulling there!" etc. Even if you are late, the harm from being late will be incomparably less than the harm that haste will cause not only to the digestive system, but also to the child's psyche.

"Well done, eat some candy for this ..." Try not to use food (usually sweets are used in such cases) as a reward, a reward for good behavior. Also, do not use food (the same sweets) as consolation - this can lead to the fact that, as an adult, when he has troubles, he will seek to find consolation in food, which in most cases leads to obesity.

For a child to grow, meat is needed every day. Eating meat every day is harmful for adults, not to mention children. The fact is that meat is hard and slow to digest, and it can strain the digestive system. In addition, an excess of heavy food allergizes the body. According to experts, children need at least two fast days a week. Doctors note that it is undesirable to introduce meat into a child's diet before the 8th month of life. The later you do this, the better for the child.

For a child to get better, he needs to eat more. It is not recommended to eat more than you want, more than you need to satisfy your hunger. This is a fairly common mistake. Many people think that they need to eat more, even through force, forcing themselves, and then they can gain weight. But this is not entirely true, excess food is usually not absorbed properly in such cases and only leads to clogging of the body. If a child moves a lot and with pleasure, successfully plays sports and eats little, it means that he simply processes everything well. You need to rejoice.

For a child to get better, you need to eat sweets. Oddly enough, but if you want your child to gain weight, it is recommended to completely eliminate sweets from his diet. This is explained by the fact that thin people directly use sweets as fuel, and their bodies, having got used to receiving energy in a ready-made form, "do not want" to save nutrients for future use. And, very importantly, do not force the child to eat.

Fatty foods should be limited. Recently, nutritionists have recommended reducing the amount of fat in food. Many adults "transfer" these recommendations to children. However, it should be remembered that the diet of children and adults should be different. As for fats, American researchers have found that a low-fat diet reduces visual acuity in children and inhibits brain development and leads to increased cholesterol in adulthood. The fact is that fatty acids, such as omega-3, contained in fish and vegetable oil, are necessary for the growth of the brain and the development of the eye retina. There is no evidence that reducing fat is beneficial for children. But we know of many cases when a lack of fat becomes dangerous for the health of children.

The best for the child. Parents often like to repeat that they are trying to give their children the "best", and they often refuse to eat it. So sometimes you have to force. This is explained by concern for the health of the baby. However, this practice has nothing to do with caring for the child's physical and mental health. Studies by experts from the American Dietetic Association have shown that even those children who ate the worst, receive one hundred percent of the vitamins, nutrients recommended by pediatricians. How does this happen? Scientists believe that a distinctive feature of the body of young children is a high ability to self-regulation, which is lost as they grow up. In addition, our ideas about the "best" are often based on illusions. While stuffing children with delicacies, we do not even suspect that they need a slightly different food. American scientists, comparing the data of the detailed menu of 4600 examined in those years, four-year-olds and their peers born four decades later, concluded: "The diet of preschoolers in the early 1950s gave them a much better start in life than modern food for their children and grandchildren." ... It was that food that was homemade, cooked in small quantities and not designed for long storage. It was boiled meat, cereals, bread, potatoes, vegetables, milk and tea. Children then received vitamins, minerals, etc. directly from food, and not in the form of tablets or vitamins dissolved in "soda."

Watch the video: Nutrition in Early Childhood (October 2020).