In the struggle for the beauty and health of teeth, a person figured out how to install artificial roots in the oral cavity. Dental implants are a kind of base on which either crowns or dentures are then attached.
The modern history of this technique dates back to 1947, when it was proved that intraosseous implants, in principle, can function. This technique has obvious advantages - a lost tooth or support for the prosthesis appears without affecting the adjacent teeth.
However, the method has its own contraindications, so the decision on implantation is made by the dentist after a thorough examination of the patient. People's doubts have given rise to several myths about dental implants.
Dental implantation is an extremely complex operation. From a technical point of view, the operation of placing an intraosseous implant (as this procedure should be called correctly) is very simple. It can be compared to such a household procedure as screwing a self-tapping screw or bolt into a wall. Any of us at least once in our life faced a similar task. Everything is very simple - a drill with a drill creates a hole slightly smaller than the diameter of the screw. Then he himself is screwed with a screwdriver. Is it difficult? And you can already hang any structure on the self-tapping screw. Of course, in a situation with an intraosseous implant, this does not always happen, but often everything looks exactly like that.
Implantation is a terrible procedure, which is accompanied by profuse bleeding. Doctors say that some types of implants are generally placed without scalpels, incisions, blood, and other terrible attributes of classical surgery. Most implants require small incisions in the oral mucosa, with which there is practically no blood.
Implantation is a very painful procedure. Today in dentistry such drugs are used for local anesthesia, which allow to completely hide the painful sensations. Sometimes only the sensation of touching remains. It can be argued that removing a tooth will be much more unpleasant than installing a new metal root.
Implantation takes a long time. In the classic case, the installation of the implant lasts from 10 to 15 minutes.
This is a very expensive procedure. Of course, the procedure itself is not free in any way. However, if we consider it as one of the methods for treating toothlessness (adentia), then its relative cheapness becomes clear. For example, if a patient does not have a tooth, then this defect can be corrected by installing a bridge structure resting on adjacent teeth. As a result, you will need three units of cermets for 4-5 thousand rubles and depulpation of two healthy teeth for 2 thousand rubles. The cost of the procedure will be about 17 thousand rubles. But over time, the bridge will have to be removed and replaced with a new one, which will again require investments. In addition, the old abutment teeth will also need to be ground again. As a result, the amount of investments will double, but that's not all. The design will change as it wears out, the third prosthetics will cost even more. But a tooth on an implant will cost about 25 thousand rubles, which is clearly more profitable.
Implants rarely take root. This statement was once true, but those days are long gone. At the very dawn of the history of implantology, which took place in the 50-60s, implants really did not take root well. But even then the percentage of successful operations was quite high, most of the implants were successfully osseointegrated. However, technology has improved and the number of successful surgeries has increased markedly. Today, in most dental clinics, figures are voiced in the region of 96-99%. Thus, the risk of being in the unlucky group is quite low.
Implants have a short lifespan and will fall out quickly. After prosthetics, the implants can last for a long time. Doctors consider an excellent result for a period of 10 years or more. However, this estimate is relative, since some prostheses can last up to 20 years, while others can last only 3-5 years. The service life is influenced by many factors, in each case the patient is told what he should count on. The exact lifetime of the implant will not tell any doctor. Correct prosthetics affects stable performance, it is worth talking about the quality of the crown and its installation. Even a perfectly installed implant needs a periodic preventive examination. The doctor removes infections that a toothbrush cannot remove in principle. So in case of a successful installation and compliance with preventive standards, the implant can remain for life.
After the implant is installed, health problems will begin. Doctors note that they have not seen anything like this in their practice. Such cases are not described in the special literature. We can only talk about complications of a local nature. These can be hematomas in the postoperative period, bruising, temporary sensory impairment in the area of the ternary nerve, inflammation in the area of implant placement, and rejection is rare. However, despite everything, such complications are reversible. So the placement of an implant is no more dangerous than any other medical invasive procedure. If this simple operation is performed by experienced professionals, the risks are minimized.
Elderly patients should not get implants. There is simply no upper age limit after which this operation cannot be performed. Doctors put prostheses on patients after 70 and after 80 years. In this case, mini-implants are usually placed with which to fix the removable prosthesis. As a result, this will allow not only to firmly fix it, but also to reduce its size. With such a prosthesis it will be much more convenient and pleasant to chew and get a taste sensation.
Implants must be placed somewhere abroad or in a large city, in the provinces they cannot. This myth is quite common in small towns. If you have money and time, why not fly to Europe to carry out such an operation? They laugh at those who go to another country for such a simple operation. It is worth paying attention to domestic clinics. Today the training of specialists, equipment and consumables in them already meet European standards, but the prices are still affordable for our citizens. It is also worth remembering that the implants need to be cleaned and maintained, not to travel to another city for this. Moreover, the clinic can disappear without a trace, but spare parts can be quite rare. So you should not create problems for yourself, for this operation you can and should contact the nearest good dental clinic with trusted personnel.
There are no contraindications to implantation. Although the method is considered convenient, it still has a number of contraindications. We are talking about people with severe periodontal disease, diseases of the blood and heart, central nervous system, diabetes and cancer. It turns out that every tenth person has some kind of contraindication. It is not recommended to place implants in people who smoke or abuse alcohol.
Implants are made of titanium. Titanium alloys are most commonly used in this regard. It is used both pure metal and in an alloy with vanadium and aluminum. However, implants are also created from zirconium dioxide. This substance has a clear cosmetic advantage, since titanium can be seen through the shell. Only here zirconium dioxide takes root worse and is more difficult for further processing. That is why they are rarely used. Now the search is underway for even more advanced biocompatible alloys, in particular, titanium-zirconium is being tested.