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Among the diseases that lie in wait for women, one of the most dangerous is the erosion of the cervix. Unsurprisingly, this common but mysterious disease has become overgrown with many myths.
Erosion of the cervix is caused only by infection. A virus is not always the cause of this disease. The cervix is located at the junction between the vagina and the uterus. This suggests that such a place in a woman's reproductive system is the most vulnerable. Birth trauma or unsuccessful sexual intercourse, inflammation in the vagina, and just hormonal changes in a woman's body - all this can lead to cervical erosion. Nevertheless, it should be recognized that the most common cause of this pathology is infection. The fact is that any, even a minor and well-healed viral sore can spread to the walls of the cervix. If the infectious disease lasts for a long time (for example, herpes infection, chlamydia, mycureoplasmosis or papillomavirus), then this leads to a change in the properties of epithelial cells. They begin to divide more quickly, which causes erosion.
Cervical pathology occurs in women after 40 years. Previously, the really average age of women with such pathologies was about 40 years. Recently, however, there has been a rapid rejuvenation of the disease. Today, erosion of the cervix can be found even in 16-year-old girls. The reason here lies primarily in the more frequent pathologies of the endocrine system, which in turn leads to an imbalance in female hormones. As a result, uncontrolled cell division and growth of glandular structures are observed. Against this background, the appearance of tumors is a matter of time.
Cervical erosion can go away on its own. Such a myth is very dangerous, as it can even lead to the death of a woman. Each year, cervical cancer is diagnosed in about 600,000 patients. The main reason lies in untreated erosion. The disease gradually turns into dysplasia, a precancerous condition, and after a few years the pathology becomes malignant. Thus, it should be understood that disorders in the mucous membranes of the cervix are actually a time bomb. Is it worth risking your own life, feeding on dubious claims about self-healing of cervical erosion? It will not dissolve by itself. Although there are exceptions here, as in every rule. Only such cases are so rare that one should not hope for them. Therefore, it is better not to start a dangerous ailment, it is necessary to visit a gynecologist 2 times a year for a routine examination.
Small erosion of the uterus does not threaten to develop into an oncological tumor. There is no dependence of the potential malignancy of cervical erosion on its size. That is why it is impossible to determine the nature of damage to epithelial cells by eye. Therefore, any competent doctor, examining his patient even with the smallest erosion, will definitely conduct more detailed studies of the affected area of the mucous membrane. First of all, tests will be carried out for the presence of infections, just causing the pathology of the cervix. For this, a cytological and bacteriological study will be carried out. The next step in diagnosis is colposcopy. Such a study of the cervix under a microscope will allow the most detailed study of the structure of the epithelial layer, to find its pathologies in those places that neither the patient himself nor his doctor had previously suspected. Then a biopsy is already performed. This study allows you to come to a final diagnosis by finding out what form of degeneration of epithelial cells the doctor has to deal with. Are the changes benign or malignant? If necessary, the doctor may ask the woman to also take a blood test for the level of pituitary and ovarian hormones. All this information will allow you to understand why erosion has occurred. Understanding the disease will allow for more effective treatment.
In case of erosion, cauterization must be done. Until recently, cauterization of affected tissues with high temperature (diathermoelectrocoagulation) was a fairly popular method of combating this disease. But the effectiveness of this method is only 50-65%. The frequent use of this technique is most likely due to the banal cheapness of the equipment required for such treatment. Today gynecologists come to the conclusion that this technique does more harm than good. Cauterization leads to the fact that the tissues of the cervix heal for a long time, up to 2-3 months. As a result, women who have undergone diathermoelectrocoagulation often acquire endometriosis of the cervix, and menstrual functions are impaired. During childbirth, the cervix, due to the scars formed on it after cauterization, cannot open as necessary.
There is an opportunity to get rid of the pathology of the cervix using non-traditional methods of treatment. This is really possible if the tissue is slightly damaged. Then, for example, chemical coagulation (douching with pharmaceutical preparations) will help. But such non-traditional methods in this case as herbal medicine, physiotherapy or reflexotherapy are not able to provide a therapeutic effect. So such treatment will not help in any way in the case of serious pathologies of the cervix. It should be noted that chemical coagulation is generally contraindicated in women with allergies. The fact is that medications can cause serious adverse reactions.
It is best to treat erosion with cryodestruction. The effectiveness of this technique is noticeably higher than that of moxibustion - 85-90%. However, it cannot be considered the best. Indeed, in the past 10 years, this technique has become very popular with our gynecologists. It consists in freezing the affected tissues due to low temperatures. But there are also disadvantages here. For example, no one, even the most experienced gynecologist, will be able to accurately calculate how deeply the tissues will freeze. As a result, the scab on the cervix may become loose. A woman, after having undergone such an operation, can secrete white blood discharge for a month. When they stop, you cannot swim in the sea, river or even a pool for three months after the procedure. A ban is also imposed on vaginal sex. Cryodestruction is also not performed for nulliparous patients. The technique is not used if there are acute infections and inflammatory diseases in the vagina and cervix. In addition, erosion can give a relapse, then reuse of such a technique doubles the risk of side effects and unwanted complications. Therefore, the most effective method of treating this ailment today is laser surgery. It has a significant advantage over other methods - the dosed effect of the beam on the affected area, while a certain depth is set. The use of laser technology minimizes the risk of infection during treatment. Another advantage of this technology is the rapid healing of the treated surfaces. The fact is that the epithelium is damaged by a laser point and not deeply. Laser surgery does not leave scars, which is especially important for nulliparous women.
Erosion of the cervix interferes with reaching orgasm. Experts say that the center of orgasmic feeling is usually the clitoris, less often some parts of the vagina can be turned on, and very rarely the cervix. That is why the erosion of this place does not affect the decrease in sensitivity in any way. True, a woman who knows about her internal gynecological disease may begin to experience psychological insecurity, which simply prevents her from opening up. In any case, cervical erosion, even if it does not interfere with orgasm, must be treated promptly. Otherwise, both the reproductive and sexual spheres of a woman's life may suffer.
Erosion of the cervix does not exist, there is its pathology. Pathology is understood as an area of redness on the neck, which can be seen even with the naked eye. But real erosion in the form of an abrasion or a small wound on the mucous membrane is quite rare. The possible reasons for this were discussed above.
With erosion, tampons with sea buckthorn oil will help. Doctors strongly discourage the use of such funds. After all, the use of tampons (with aloe juice, sea buckthorn oil, etc.) in cases of erosion is very harmful. Such substances are classified as biostimulants, they can have an unnecessary effect on the principles of tissue differentiation. This, in turn, can lead to the start of precancerous processes in the cervix.
It is better not to treat erosion before delivery. Women often confuse erosion and ectopia. It is the latter that is found in nulliparous women under the age of 25. In appearance, it really resembles erosion, which leads to errors on the part of gynecologists. Doctors begin to treat her conservatively or even surgically. Ectopia is a congenital condition in which part of the mucous membrane of the cervical canal goes beyond the boundaries of its position. This is not a pathology at all, but ectopia passes by itself. A competent doctor should conduct a cytological study, which will show that this is not erosion at all. Then the patient must be observed when she reaches the age of 25. If the ectopia begins to increase, then it will be necessary to make a biopsy, as well as use the most gentle surgical treatment (for example, radio waves). In case of disappearance of ectopia or preservation of size, it is not recommended to carry out interventions on the cervix. But if we are talking about erosion of the cervix, then it must be treated, and not delayed with it.
After childbirth, erosion may not be treated. This is not entirely true. After all, if the gynecologist sees changes on the cervix after childbirth, then within six months this condition is simply observed. If no changes occur, complex treatment should be started. For this, radio waves or a laser are suitable.
Most women do not have erosion, but pseudo-erosion, which does not need to be treated. Doctors say that real erosion, when there is no cover of the epithelium, is quite rare. A phenomenon such as pseudo-erosion is much more common. This term means a condition when there are already healing tissue parts and inflamed ones. However, even such a disease needs careful monitoring. If a cytological examination reveals the presence of atypical benign cells, or if an excess of leukocyte count is found in the smear, then such pseudo-erosion should be treated as quickly as possible.
Erosion treatment can lead to complications during pregnancy and childbirth. If treated with cryodestruction methods, electricity or liquid nitrogen, it can cause scarring on the cervix. During the period of gestation, this can even turn into ruptures. That is why modern clinics offer more advanced techniques. In this position, it is absolutely safe to use a laser or a radiosurgical knife. This also applies to patients who plan to become pregnant in the near future.