Everyday signs, as well as signs associated with birth, wedding and funeral rites and other important events in a person's life, appeared when people began to look for a causal relationship between various events or actions.
Most often, such a connection took place at the everyday level, however, in many cases, the relationships of events and phenomena indicated in the signs were given a mystical explanation (in accordance with the religious beliefs of a particular people and pagan worldview), and various actions prescribed by certain signs, acquired a sacred meaning.
Sprinkle salt - to a quarrel. According to researchers, this sign arose in those distant times when salt was highly valued, and, therefore, the person who scattered it inflicted considerable losses on the owners, which most often led to the above "quarrel at the table." If a person quietly removed the spilled salt, he could avoid the anger of the owner of the house (hence the way to "neutralize" the consequences of a careless act - throwing 3 pinches of spilled salt over his left shoulder).
The matchmaker, entering the house, must warm her hands at the stove so that the conspiracy goes clean and smoothly. According to the beliefs of the ancient Slavs, the stove is not only a talisman at home, but also the abode of the souls of deceased relatives, and by touching it with the palms of the hands, the matchmaker pays tribute to both the house and the deceased ancestors. From an everyday point of view, the meaning of the signs is as follows: since, according to tradition, they wooed either in late autumn or early spring, it was rather cold outside, and it really would not hurt a matchmaker who entered a warm hut from the frost to first warm up her hands, and only then start negotiations with the owners of the house.
To marry in May is to suffer all your life. In the old days, weddings were most often played in the fall for the reason that it was at this time that the bins were full and it was much easier to celebrate this significant day with a proper scale than in the spring, especially in May, when last year's food supplies were practically exhausted, and before the new harvest was gathered there is still a lot of time left. And the sowing season, the peak of which was in May, did not allow distractions for a long time - after all, having missed a suitable day for sowing, people risked being left with empty bins, as a result of which they lose their peace of mind and well-being, and, possibly, health, for quite a long time.
To go over the bridge to the wedding - to the difficulties on the road. To understand the reason for the appearance of this sign, it should be remembered that wooden bridges did not have a large margin of safety, therefore they could well not bear the weight of the wedding cortege, thereby giving rise to the promised "difficulties on the road."
The bride should not show her wedding dress to the groom, so as not to bring trouble. This sign appeared in those distant times when the wedding dress was prepared in advance and, in order to amaze guests with beauty and luxury, was decorated with original unique embroidery, and in some cases - with jewelry. This garment, the creation of which was a long and laborious process, cost a lot of money, therefore it was carefully hidden until the wedding day, and not only from the groom, but also from everyone around (among whom there could well be dishonest people capable of robbing the bride, or owners of the "evil eye", one glance of which could bring the girl a lot of trouble).
To make the marriage happy, the bride must cry before the wedding. Both the wedding ceremony itself and the preparation for it are quite stressful action, both physically and mentally. And in order to minimize the stress factor, it is better to give vent to tears before the wedding - so as not to burst into tears at the most crucial moment during the ceremony.
Sit around the corner of the table - 7 years old toil in girls. This sign arose in those days when poor relatives and homeless women were seated at the corner of the table, who really had very few chances to get married quickly and successfully.
If there are 13 people at the table, one of them will subsequently die. Some associate the origin of this sign with the Last Supper, but it appeared much earlier. According to Scandinavian mythology, when 13 participants (the fire god Loki, who started a fight) made their way to the feast, in which 12 gods took part, one of the feasts died.
To meet a monk is a misfortune. According to some researchers, this sign appeared in those days when the inhabitants of Russia, who fervently believed in pagan gods, were forcibly converted to the Christian faith by order of the sovereign princes. Others believe that the laity, fearing a meeting with a person who bears two names (the second name is spiritual - the monks took after the tonsure) and, as it were, had two personalities (one is ordinary, the other is unknown and mysterious, and therefore frightening), tried different ways to protect herself from the unknown dangers that she promised. Therefore, having met a monk, you should have made a fig in your pocket (a protective gesture that protected you from many troubles) - in this case, troubles will pass you by. In addition, there is another opinion: a meeting with a monk simply changed the mood of a person - from cheerful and practical to sadly philosophical, which could well have a negative impact on the productivity of work and the quality of life of a layman. That is why they feared her. Similar signs exist in other countries of the world. For example, when meeting a nun, Italians always try to touch something metal in order to protect themselves from trouble.
Going on a long journey to get caught in the rain - to good luck in travel. Most likely, this sign arose during the days of paganism, when the ability to wash away all ailments and sorrows from a person was attributed to rain, as well as to promote the fertility of the earth and good luck in all matters, the beginning of which will be sprinkled with "heavenly milk."
In order for luck along the way, you need to hold on to the corner of the table before a long journey. This sign appeared because our ancestors revered the table as a sacred object ("table is the palm of God"), inseparable from the house (even when selling a dwelling to new owners, the table should not be taken out of the hut). The table was also credited with the ability to protect travelers from various failures, therefore, setting off on a long journey, one should kiss the center of the table, but if the journey was to be short, it was enough just to hold onto one of the corners facing the house. Thus, the travelers enlisted the support of both the throne table and the house itself.
So that the path is successful - before leaving the house you need to sit down and be silent for a few minutes. This sign is of great practical value. Indeed, before traveling, a person simply needs to concentrate in a calm atmosphere and once again remember whether all the necessary things have been collected, whether everything is in order in the house he leaves for a while, whether all the necessary orders were given to the household who will wait for his return, etc. ...
Returning home from halfway, you should look in the mirror and show yourself your tongue, or look under the doormat by the door, thereby protecting yourself from trouble. According to the beliefs of our ancestors, evil spirits nest under the rug and are located behind the left shoulder of a person. In order to scare her away, you should make a protective gesture (show your tongue) in front of the mirror, and also move the rug. In addition, you can change any piece of clothing (hat or tie), thereby, as if canceling the failed attempt to leave the house, and starting the journey anew. It should be noted that representatives of some professions (for example, miners) will never return home halfway through, even if they have forgotten something important (in this case, they will simply ask neighbors or relatives to take out the thing they have forgotten in a hurry, but will not go back themselves).
Following the trail of a person, you can take away his strength. The mystical explanation for this sign is as follows: after someone tramples a person's track, he loses protection. From an ordinary point of view, a person walking behind someone (for example, in deep snow) makes much less effort than paving the way.
Returning home to stumble - to a quarrel. This omen, sometimes interpreting stumbling as a result of outside interference, is quite understandable from a psychological point of view: a stumbling person can rarely maintain a positive attitude, and if he also falls down, a tense atmosphere (the release of which may well be a quarrel) in the house is guaranteed.
A brick falling out of the furnace is not good. In the old days, the stove was considered one of the main symbols of the house, a place of communication with the outside world, a talisman that protects the building from evil forces, diseases, slander, etc., which, in the event of a violation of the integrity of the stove, were able to enter the house. From an everyday point of view, this sign is explained as follows: falling out of a brick from the oven can lead either to a fire or to the subsequent destruction of the oven itself, and, as a result, to considerable losses, and even to death.
You can't whistle in the house - there will be no money. This sign can be easily explained from an everyday point of view: firstly, by hanging sharply in the room, you can scare any of the relatives (for example, a pregnant woman or a small child). In some cases, this can adversely affect their health, which may well entail considerable material costs. Secondly, few of the household members will like the habit of one of them to whistle, therefore, in order to protect themselves from unpleasant emotions, people formulated one of the rules of behavior in the room in the form of the aforementioned sign.
In the house, the front corner is cracking - it promises trouble to the owner. According to our ancestors, the corners are the abode of brownies and all kinds of evil, therefore various sounds coming from the corners of the house were interpreted as a manifestation of the influence of evil forces. However, this sign also has another meaning: when the corners of the house for any reason settle, a crack is heard, therefore the owner should definitely pay attention to the state of the structure, otherwise trouble will threaten both him and all household members.
In the new house, the ceilings are not whitewashed for a year. The fact is that during the year many buildings "give up", as a result of which both the walls and the ceiling are slightly deformed, which means that the whitewash can begin to crumble and after a while the ceiling will still have to be whitewashed anew.
Sitting on the threshold is a sign of illness. This omen, in addition to a mystical explanation (the threshold is a protective place, under it our ancestors sometimes placed the ashes of deceased relatives, so that their souls would guard the entrance to the dwelling), there is also everyday life: sitting at an open door, in a draft, and even located close to the cold damp earth the doorstep, it is easy to catch cold.
A broom, set with the handle down, will protect the owners and the house from the evil eye. The broom, in the opinion of our ancestors, which served as a home for the brownie, was also attributed to protective functions (to activate which it was necessary to put the mentioned object with the handle down). However, from a household point of view, this sign is quite understandable: firstly, you can put a broom down with the handle only if it is clean (a veiled call for cleanliness and perfect order in the house), and secondly, a broom placed in this way is simply longer will serve.
You cannot eat during learning (reading) - you learn it. This belief reflects a respect for the process of eating and a deep knowledge of physiological processes. According to modern scientists, while eating, most of the body's forces are spent on digesting food, there is a rush of blood to the stomach, which means that the process of comprehending and memorizing what has been read becomes more complicated.
To keep broken and cracked dishes in the house is unfortunately. It is simple to explain this sign at the everyday level: using broken dishes, you can cut yourself severely or spill hot soup on yourself and those around you (this is the promised misfortune). And the mood of the hostess, forced to contemplate the cracked dishes, can hardly be called joyful. However, at weddings, the dishes "beat for happiness" - this omen is an echo of an ancient rite, in which breaking the dishes symbolized the loss of the bride's virginity.
You can't eat from a knife - you will become angry. Indeed, using a knife instead of a fork can get injured, and, accordingly, very embittered.
If you eat stale bread, you will learn to swim well and will not be afraid of a thunderstorm. This sign is formulated in order to disaccustom household members (especially children) to be picky. And for human health, both in the opinion of modern scientists and according to the observations of our ancestors, slightly dried bread is more useful. It should be noted that in the old days there was a rather strong connection between the two skills, the acquisition of which was promised in the sign: our ancestors believed that bathing in a thunderstorm is very good for health, and in order to carry out this action, you need not only to be able to swim, but also not to feel fear before the flashing lightning and thunderclaps.
If the hostess has oversalted the food, she is in love. According to modern researchers, there is a lack of salt in the body of a woman in love, as a result of which the perception of taste changes: what is salty for the rest of the household, she feels like normally salted food.
No wooing is allowed on Wednesday and Friday. This sign arose because Wednesday and Friday are fast days, so the owners will not be able to adequately treat the matchmakers, which can negatively affect the results of the collusion.
On Friday, it is forbidden to sew and spin, so as not to clog the eyes of Paraskeva Friday and deceased relatives. This sign is very ancient and is associated with the cult of the goddess Mokoshi (Mokoshi), the patroness of water, spinning, family, marriage, fertility and the hearth. Friday was considered the sacred day of Mokoshi. On this day, it was forbidden to sew and spin, violators of the taboo could incur the wrath of the goddess. With the advent of Christianity, the image of the goddess Mokoshi became associated with St. Paraskeva (translated from the Greek "paraskeva" means "Friday").
If you miss a corporate party, you will lose your job. This sign is quite understandable from the point of view of psychology: in work collectives, mutual understanding is very valuable, and it is best to get to know a person in an informal setting. In addition, corporate events contribute to team building, and if any of the employees avoids such events for any reason, colleagues may think that he is thereby showing disrespect to them. As a result, they treat such a person with some caution and distrust, since they do not know what to expect from him, and very few people can work in such a tense environment.
You cannot play cards on a polished table - the players will not be lucky. According to professional players, an experienced gambler can see the reflection of the opponent's cards on a polished surface, which will negatively affect the results of the game. And just taking cards from the smooth surface of the table is quite difficult, you can accidentally turn a card over, showing it to the rest of the players, and thereby reducing your chances of winning.
Give up to the first buyer - you will sell more in a day. The sign has several explanations. Firstly, the buyer who received a small discount will be satisfied, thereby providing a good mood for both himself and the seller.Secondly, the same buyer can later purchase the goods only from the seller he likes, and advise his friends to contact this person. As a result, the seller's revenue will be higher than usual.
Having a fight in the morning with the buyer is a shortage. This sign is relevant for those who remember offenses for a long time, and takes any quarrel to heart. Naturally, such a person, having quarreled in the morning, will remember unpleasant circumstances all day, as a result of which his mood will worsen and his attention will be scattered, which, when working with money, may well lead to an incorrect calculation with the rest of the buyers, and really turn into a shortage.