Hamsters, or hamsters, are a subfamily of rodents of the hamster family. Also dwarf hamsters, for example, Dzungarian hamsters, are in fashion lately.
Many long to see this little fluffy animal in front of them, with small ears, an inquisitive nose and attentive beady eyes. The hamster's paws are tenacious, and the tail is so funny. This description without a doubt betrays one of the pets.
It is believed that everything is known about hamsters, but this straightforward approach generates a wave of implausible rumors. A kind animal can easily fall prey to erroneous accusations. Let's dispel the most common rumors about hamsters.
A hamster cage always smells bad. This myth is perhaps the most widespread. In fact, a hamster is no less clean than any pet. From birth he has a habit of washing and cleaning himself. The baby, barely born, is already diligently trying to wash from nose to tail. In their own cages, hamsters simply do not know how to do general cleaning. But they clearly divide the dwelling into zones: a feeder, a nest, a toilet, and other places. Therefore, if you put a small container with sawdust or fillers for the toilet in the cage and make the hamster understand its purpose, then you can forget about the unpleasant smell! It remains only to change the filler in a day or two and clean the entire cage along with the house.
A hamster cannot live alone. For some reason, it often seems to us that an animal in a cage is suffering from loneliness, which is why hamsters are so often kept in pairs. In fact, these animals, unlike many, are just loners. Adult hamsters, when approaching a relative, usually just attack him, not even understanding their gender. As a result, many torn to pieces hamsters were found by those owners who tried to settle a couple of individuals in a cage at once. So a hamster living alone will be quite happy with its existence. For information, wild Syrian hamsters do not live in pairs either. A temporary truce comes in those few hours when the female meets the male with the aim of procreation. A rare exception can be attributed to some dwarf hamsters, for example, Dzungarian and Roborovsky hamsters.
Hamsters breed constantly. This event depends entirely on their owners, you just have to not keep the animals in pairs. First of all, childbirth should be scheduled no more than once every 3 months. More frequent pregnancies harm the health of the female, badly affecting the offspring. During childbirth, 6-12 cubs are usually born, although there are exceptions here.
A three-liter can is enough for a hamster, he does not need a cage. Accordingly, according to this conviction, the animal does not need any walks, let him sit in his aquarium. Hence the belief that hamsters can only sleep and eat. In fact, hamsters are very mobile creatures. During the day, they like to sleep in their house, but when evening comes, they wake up and become more active. If the cage is large enough, it has several floors, and caring owners have also placed a running wheel here, then the animal will have something to occupy itself with. They will also love dry twigs to gnaw on, a pile of sawdust to dig in for grains. Hamsters will also be delighted with ladders, a feeder with delicious nuts or seeds. As a result, observing how the hunter finds the hidden treasure will become no less interesting activity than his acrobatic performances. After all, hamsters can move along the ceiling, clinging to the bars with only their front paws. The life of an animal in a non-banal cage will be interesting for both children and adults. In the wild, animals have to run many kilometers to provide themselves with food supplies, and then put them in the pantry. Likewise, our pet wants to run in order to stretch its legs. Long hikes can be simulated with a running wheel, but you need to let the hamster go for a walk every day. This will give him new impressions of the change of scenery. If we are talking about dwarf hamsters - Dzungarian, Roborovsky or Capbell, then an aquarium or terrarium is suitable for keeping them. Such kids practically do not climb and they simply do not need lattice walls.
Hamsters are unpretentious in food, a handful of seeds are enough for them. Any animal, including a hamster, needs good nutrition with vitamins and microelements. In any pet store you can buy ready-made mixtures for hamsters, with their help, you can provide your pet with a decent diet. However, juicy feed must also be added to the food: apple, carrot, pumpkin, greens, etc.
Hamsters don't drink much, they don't need water. These animals need water, even if they have plenty of juicy food. In the wild, hamsters do not store liquid, but in the conditions of the house they cannot do without it. The exception in this case is dwarf hamsters, which drink less than Syrian ones, or are generally able to get by with juicy food.
Hamsters are unpretentious animals. According to this conventional wisdom, a hamster's cage can be kept anywhere. In fact, neglect of certain rules can lead to diseases of pets. With proper care, they rarely get sick. But bad or improper food or stress due to sleep disturbances during the day can lead to just a poor state of health. After all, hamsters are very sensitive to noise, so there is a rule that does not recommend placing a cage next to TVs and other sound sources. Also, you cannot put the cage next to a window or in a draft. After all, it is he who is the most evil enemy of the little fluffy. And you can't put a cage close to curtains or other things either. After all, the hamster will immediately try to get himself material for building a nest, reaching for the fabric and gnawing it. Direct sunlight, like the heat from central heating batteries, is also harmful to the animals. In natural conditions, they try to hide from the heat in their burrows. Tobacco smoke and high humidity coupled with low temperatures will also harm hamsters.
A hamster is a great toy for a small child. It is worth remembering that no matter how the hamster looks like a soft toy, it is, first of all, a living creature that requires not only careful attitude, but also care and attention. Adults should constantly monitor the delicate bones and fragile health of a small pet. Do not forget that accidentally inflicted acute pain can cause a response from the seemingly harmless animal. After all, he has small, sharp teeth, the bite of which will be painful.
If a hamster has red eyes, it means he is blind from birth. Red eyes in hamsters are not at all a sign of their vision problems - it's just one of the mutations. Such animals have altered genes that affect the appearance of the animal. So hamsters with red eyes in terms of health are no different from their black-eyed fellow tribesmen. Hamsters with red eyes have the following coat colors: gray, ivory, brown and white with red eyes.
Hamsters are bloodthirsty animals - they eat their offspring. It is difficult to completely refute this statement. However, like any rule has an exception, this statement is an exception to the usual behavior of female hamsters. Scientists figured out what exactly pushes the animals to such a terrible act. First of all, this happens when the female is young and inexperienced. If she herself is not more than two months old, then she simply obeys an animal instinct, which commands her to destroy her offspring in order to replenish the nutrients spent on them. In addition, after the birth of offspring, the mother may not feel as safe with them. Therefore, you should not bother the hamster by trying to reach her with your hands, touching both her and the babies. After all, the smell of human hands will inevitably remain on them, which will force the mother to either refuse to feed the "alien" cub, or simply destroy it. There is an option that in such a bloody way a hamster can simply get rid of sick and non-viable offspring. This behavior is also due to a simple survival instinct, which is inherited by all domestic hamsters.
Hamsters are stupid and boring animals. In fact, even such small animals are distinguished by intelligent behavior. This is especially true for Syrian hamsters. Most of them even know how to respond to their nickname, running out of their house to meet the owners. Each animal has its own character, its own habits and can be tamed in different ways. Sometimes, after a walk around the house, the animal itself comes up to the owner so that he takes it in his hands and returns the tired animal to the cage, or simply holds it. There were cases when the hamster played with pleasure with a treat tied by a string. It happens that hamsters recognize their owners by meeting them joyfully in the morning or in the evening, standing at the bars of the cage. The amusing fuss of little cubs will not leave indifferent even the most strict observer. However, most hamsters are interesting because their cage is a piece of wildlife that is right at your home. It is necessary to give the animal an opportunity, and it will gladly reveal the secrets of its hamster life.