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Hormonal drugs

Hormonal drugs

Hormonal drugs are drugs containing hormones or their synthetic analogs and used for hormone therapy. There are hormonal preparations containing natural hormones (made from fresh or frozen glands of slaughter cattle, blood and urine of animals and humans), synthetic hormonal preparations and their derivatives; synthetic analogs of hormones, which differ in chemical structure from natural hormones, but have the same physiological effect.

Hormonal preparations are used in the form of aqueous and oily solutions for subcutaneous, intramuscular administration, in the form of tablets, ointments, etc. The specific activity of hormonal drugs from animal raw materials is established by comparison with the activity of standard drugs (biological standardization) and is expressed in units of action (ED).

Hormonal drugs are very harmful to health, they should not be used under any circumstances. Misconception. Hormonal drugs have a multifaceted systemic effect on the body, and, like any other drug, can cause side effects. However, abortion, from which these drugs protect almost 100 percent, is much more dangerous for a woman's health.

I will take those hormonal preparations that helped my friend (sister, acquaintance). Do not self-prescribe hormones (like any other medication). These drugs are prescription drugs, they should be prescribed only by a doctor after an examination, taking into account all the characteristics of your body (which, by the way, may be completely opposite to the characteristics of the body of your friend or even a relative).

Hormonal drugs should not be used in nulliparous women and girls under 20 years of age. Completely erroneous opinion. Hormonal contraceptives can be used even by adolescents, especially if you need to achieve a certain therapeutic effect.

After using hormones for a long time, you can not be afraid of getting pregnant. Not at all. Already a month after the end of taking the drugs, it becomes possible to become pregnant, and even give birth to twins or triplets, since 2-3 eggs mature in the ovary. Some forms of infertility are treated by prescribing contraceptives for 3-4 months.

After a certain time (six months, a year, etc.), you should take a break from taking hormonal drugs. This opinion is erroneous, since interruptions in taking the drug do not affect either the appearance (or not the appearance) of complications, or the ability to bear children at the end of the drug intake. If there is a need and, according to the doctor, there are no contraindications to constant use, hormonal drugs can be used continuously and for as long as you like.

Breastfeeding mothers should not take hormones. This statement is true only in relation to some pills that affect lactation. However, there are tablets containing only a small amount of the 1st hormone ("mini-pills"), which do not affect lactation. It should only be remembered that these tablets must be used strictly after 24 hours in a continuous mode. Even the smallest deviation from the hours of admission completely destroys the contraceptive effect of this drug.

From hormonal pills, you can greatly recover. Hormone pills do have an effect on appetite, but for some it increases, while for others it decreases. It is impossible to predict exactly how a drug will work on you. If a woman is prone to obesity or with an increase in body weight while taking, the doctor prescribes drugs with a low content of gestagens responsible for the increase in body weight.

Hormonal drugs are designed only to prevent pregnancy in women; there are no drugs of this kind for men. This is not true. Hormonal drugs are drugs obtained synthetically and act like natural hormones produced in our body. Such drugs do not necessarily have a contraceptive effect, and can be prescribed to both women and men (depending on the type of drugs) to normalize the function of the reproductive system, normalize hormonal levels, etc.

Only very serious diseases are treated with hormonal drugs. Not necessary. For some minor illnesses, hormones are also prescribed. For example, with a decrease in the functions of the thyroid gland, thyroxin or eutirox is used.

Hormones are stored in the body. Once in the body, hormones break down almost immediately into chemical compounds, which are then removed from the body. For example, the contraceptive pill breaks down and "leaves" the body within 24 hours: that's why you need to drink it every 24 hours. After the end of taking hormonal drugs, the effect of their effect is not preserved due to the accumulation of drugs in the body, but due to the fact that hormones affect various organs (ovaries, uterus, mammary glands, parts of the brain), normalizing their work.

Pregnant women are not prescribed hormonal drugs. If a woman had hormonal disorders before pregnancy, then during gestation she needs drug support so that the production of female and male hormones is normal, and the child develops normally. Also hormones (for example, adrenal hormones) are used if the hormonal background of a woman's body is disturbed during pregnancy.

In any case, hormonal drugs can be replaced with other drugs. Unfortunately, this is not the case. In some situations, hormonal drugs are indispensable (for example, if a woman under 50 has had her ovaries removed). And sometimes hormonal treatment is prescribed by a neuropsychiatrist (for example, for depression).

Taking hormones reduces libido. Most women taking hormonal drugs report an increase in sexual desire, explaining that there is no fear of an unwanted pregnancy. If, when using hormones, sexual desire decreases, you can always change the used contraceptive to others - with a lower content of progesterone.

Watch the video: Pharmacology-Hypothalamic Hormones, Endocrine MADE EASY! (October 2020).