Jamaica is located one hundred and forty-four kilometers south of Cuba - in the western Caribbean. The capital of Jamaica is Kingston.
The island population is approximately 2.6 million. Jamaica's political state can be defined as an independent republic. Jamaica is part of the British Commonwealth. Jamaica is nominally headed by the Queen of Great Britain. Her face is represented by the Governor-General, under whom the Privy Council consists of six members. The Privy Council is an advisory body.
Legislative power is in the hands of the House of Representatives and the Senate, a bicameral parliament. The Prime Minister leads the government of Jamaica. Jamaica is administratively subdivided into fourteen counties. A significant part of the population is Christian. English is the state language.
Jamaica has a tropical trade wind climate. There are four seasons here, of which two are dry and two are rainy. Dry seasons are the periods from December to April and from July to August. The rainy seasons are the periods from September to October and from May to June. On the coast of Jamaica throughout the year, the air temperature is practically in the same range: from twenty-four to thirty-five degrees Celsius with a plus sign. July, August and all of the autumn months can be the time when tropical hurricanes hit Jamaica. Hurricane weather reaches its peak in late summer and early autumn.
The official language in Jamaica is English. It should be noted that the local version of English is quite different from the literary English. This is due to the fact that a huge number of words are of African or Spanish origin.
The traditions of Jamaican cuisine are quite distinctive. This is due to the fact that African, Spanish, Indian and English traditions influenced its formation. The local cuisine is based on the use of vegetables and fruits, seafood, poultry, pork and a variety of spices. For breakfast, locals often make toast, a fruit called "akki" served with pickled fish, or scrambled eggs and bacon. The following dishes are popular: "picadillo" - beef with rice, specially cooked bananas (of a certain type), stewed chicken with rice, Creole pork, "jerk" - meat that is first marinated and then fried on coals, etc. The dishes that are indispensable for local residents are prepared from seafood. There are many recipes for such dishes in Jamaica.
Jamaican cuisine values fruit very much. Fruit can serve as a light snack, which can also be sandwiches, pies, etc. As for fruits, in Jamaica they are served with almost any meal. They are not only included in many dishes. Many independent dishes are prepared from fruits. Among the latter are fruit cocktails and salads (many of which are served in a freshly chopped coconut), freshly made juices, bananas in sauce, fried pineapples, etc. In Jamaica, you can also try such exotic fruits as guava, sop (sour and sweet), apple-star, avocado, papaya, akki, ugli, oranik and others. Excellent drinks are also made from these fruits. A special place among drinks is occupied by "skyjus".
Jamaican rum is the pride of Jamaica. Especially popular are the Myers and Appleton brands. Excellent liqueurs are made on the basis of rum.
Coffee is Jamaica's national pride. Blue Mountain is the best variety and is successfully exported. Coffee in Jamaica is usually brewed strong, often with cardamom or rum added to it. Locals can drink coffee at any time of the day, thus consuming this drink in large quantities. As for tea, almost any hot drink can carry its name. On the menu, tea can mean both black tea and an infusion of flower petals or some local herb. A decent amount of milk is usually added to black tea.
Jamaica ranks among the most original resort areas in the Caribbean. The main assets of the island lying in the very heart of the Caribbean are first-class beaches, dozens of magnificent waterfalls, amazing mountain landscapes, reggae music, Rasta culture, and the original culture of local residents. Jamaica's coastal waters are literally teeming with life. A tourist will not regret paying a visit to the southern coast of Jamaica. In addition to the excellent Tresche Beach, the southern coast of the island is famous for the Cashu ostrich park. No less interesting for guests of Jamaica will be St. Anne's Bay, Port Royal (formerly the capital of the pirates of the Caribbean), the wild coast near the Black River, the luxurious Long Bay in the northeastern part of Jamaica, Find Miles (the birthplace of Bob Marley ). An excellent pastime will be water sports, as well as a horse (or walking) tour of the Blue Mountains. As for water sports, there is an opportunity to devote time to practicing them in almost every part of Jamaica, but to a large extent they are cultivated on the northern coast of the island.
Kingston is a city with a rich history. The current capital of Jamaica was founded in 1692. Kingston assumed the status of the capital of Jamaica in 1872. Currently, the city looks like not very well-groomed and poor. From the outside, it seems that Kingston knew much better times. Kingston was once a big port. Now it is more likely to represent a district of dilapidated buildings than the capital of the famous pirate Henry Morgan. A large number of new buildings are found only in the relatively modern quarters of Kingston, located in the north of the city. The old part of the Jamaican capital, located to the south of the modern business city, is completely built up with buildings of the colonial era. The latter, to a large extent, create the impression of unkempt and dilapidated. Kingston attractions include: National Gallery at the Roy West Building, Jamaica Institute, Zoological Museum, African Museum, National Dance Theater, Caymanas Park, Arawak Museum, Natural History Museum, Museum of Archeology, Geology Museum, Museum of National History, Museum of the Armed Forces , Castleton Botanical Gardens, Green Boone Oesis, Devon House Shopping District, Fort Charles Maritime Museum, 17th century St. Catherine's Cathedral, former governor's residence - Royal House (now a museum), Convention Center, Museum Bob Marley, Rockford mineral springs. Bustling street markets and folk street bands deserve special attention, which undoubtedly add variety to Kingston's life.
Buses are the main mode of transport in Jamaica. Although the bus service is established between the cities of the island, buses run literally without observing any schedule. They often look very worn out. However, the fact remains that buses are the main vehicle for most locals. But it is not recommended for a foreign citizen to travel by bus. For them, special flights organized by hotel complexes should become a much more preferable option. There is a conductor on the buses who accepts the money for travel.
Jamaican roads should be driven with the utmost care. Many locals prefer almost extreme driving. And in the provinces, in addition, on the roadway you can see both local residents serenely talking to each other, and children playing a simple game, as well as calmly walking pets. Handicraft trade, which is carried out directly on the side of the road, is not uncommon. Often in cars owned by local residents, not everything is in order and lighting equipment. In general, a significant part of the cars of the Jamaicans is almost in a deplorable state. Drivers understand each other, usually through gestures. Putting their hand out of the window, they thus show where, for example, they want to rebuild. The speed within the city should be in the range from thirty-five to fifty kilometers per hour. On the highway, it is allowed to reach speeds of up to eighty kilometers per hour. Left-hand traffic, there are practically no road signs, which is especially characteristic of the interior regions of Jamaica. Jamaica's main roads are in fair condition. However, dilapidated or washed-out tracks are also not uncommon. As for the provincial roads, they are often represented by more or less well-rolled ruts.
To enter Jamaica, citizens of the Russian Federation should take care of a visa in advance. This is not required if a citizen of the Russian Federation visits Jamaica for tourist purposes and the duration of his tour does not exceed thirty days. This procedure is also adopted for citizens of the CIS countries. In the case of transit to a third country, a visa also does not need to be issued in advance. In these cases, a visa is issued at the offices of the Immigration Department immediately after arrival in Jamaica, to obtain it, you must submit the following documents. Firstly, a foreign passport. It must not expire earlier than you intend to leave the country. Secondly, return tickets. Third, a voucher from a travel agency or confirmation of a hotel reservation. In the event that you are traveling to a third country, you must show a visa (if required) to the country of destination and tickets. The visa fee that is charged when applying for a visa is twenty United States dollars. Visa fees are paid at the exchange rate on the day of payment.