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Liposuction

Liposuction

Liposuction began to be actively used at the end of the last century. So what if a couple of kilograms were added, and the dress became tight? After all, everything can be fixed with liposuction.

However, you should not treat this operation as a regular tooth brushing or cosmetic procedure. Yes, and somehow forgotten for the quick disposal of extra pounds of a long rehabilitation period with possible complications.

Many of those who are prepared for liposuction have no idea what exactly the doctor will do. Although fat removal surgery has become quite popular today, there are still many myths surrounding it.

Liposuction helps to get rid of obesity. If you come across an honest surgeon, he will explain that liposuction can correct local body imperfections. The operation is used in the event that diet or exercise no longer helps. Indeed, with its help, a certain reserve fat is removed. These special cells easily tolerate nutritional deficiencies and multiply rapidly in the presence of glucose. The operation will be effective for those people whose weight is close to normal or slightly exceeds it. But for patients with general obesity, liposuction will not be an option. The hips, especially their inner part, buttocks, lower abdomen and the "breeches" zone, are especially actively resisting general weight loss. Liposuction will help to correct them, giving the problem areas an ideal shape. However, one should not expect that this will solve the general problem of obesity. So it is necessary to prepare for such an operation already in the case when the weight loss has taken place, and it remains only to get rid of the most stubborn fat deposits.

Liposuction helps get rid of cellulite. In this case, we should talk about two mutually exclusive statements at once. Some say that liposuction can remove cellulite, while others say that on the contrary - the operation leads to the appearance of an "orange peel". Practice shows that fat suction has nothing to do with this problem at all. After all, liposuction removes fat, which is located in the thickness of the subcutaneous tissue. And cellulite appears due to fatty lobes, which are located directly under the skin. That is why liposuction can in no way improve the condition of the skin with cellulite, but it cannot worsen the situation either.

Ultrasonic liposuction is less traumatic than other methods. There are quite a few types of liposuction, but they all pursue the same goal - to help the doctor, and not to alleviate the suffering of the patient. Indeed, to remove subcutaneous fat, the surgeon resorts to certain efforts. Fat is not some kind of unnecessary extraneous liquid that can be poured out of a person anywhere. This is the part of the body where each cell is firmly held by its neighbors. So a puncture of the skin does not mean that unnecessary tissue will spill out of it. That is why doctors try to destroy the intercellular tissues before the operation. Usually for this, the zone is treated with a special compound, Klein's solution. It helps to liquefy fat in half an hour, which will make it easier to remove it. But surgeons believe that such a method is still laborious, and therefore more and more new types of liposuction appear.

Ultrasonic liposuction involves splitting the operating areas with a solution, after which they are exposed to ultrasonic waves. It should be noted that this method is perhaps more traumatic than others. After all, the devices of the first generations gave a large heat flow, which led to the appearance of an internal burn. This only delayed postoperative healing. But now doctors have learned to avoid this effect.

There are no liposuction techniques. In addition to the already named ultrasound technique, there are several more basic ones. So, syringe liposuction is carried out manually. Fat is pumped out not with vacuum pumps, but with syringes. Vibration is carried out using the "Lipomatic" apparatus, which makes it easier to move the cannula into the tissues. Tumescent liposuction makes it possible to perform the operation under local anesthesia. For this, a special solution with an anesthetic is injected into the operating areas. Lipoelectric modeling uses a special apparatus that generates a special current of a given frequency. It also destroys fat cells.

Liposuction is a safe procedure. Do not assume that no one has ever died from such an operation. Although liposuction looks simple on the surface, there are many nuances in it that can lead to the most deplorable results. After all, there is always a risk of unpleasant complications. Patients die on operating tables, and liposuction is no exception. Naturally, such cases occur when pumping out adipose tissue much less often than even with appendicitis. However, statistics inexorably indicate that there is one death in every five thousand operations. The statistics seem to be not scary, but in absolute terms, everything is not so rosy. Every year in prosperous America alone, 75 people die from surgical attempts to get rid of excess fat. In Russia, however, such statistics are not even kept.

Liposuction is harmless to health. We must understand once and for all that plastic surgery does not always proceed as the doctor and patient would like. There may be many reasons for this. This is increased tissue bleeding, and poor skin elasticity, scar tissue changes at the site of surgery, and much more. All this can affect the final result of the operation. But in general, complications after liposuction are rare. Only 2.5% of patients have an increased painful sensitivity at the site of surgery, 1% have changes in skin pigmentation, another 1% develop chronic pain syndrome. Every 200th gets some kind of septic phenomena, for example, blood poisoning. In the event of an unfavorable combination of circumstances and poor work of the doctor, it is possible to get necrosis of cellulose and skin, and operations on the lower extremities are fraught with a violation of the outflow of fluid. If the cannula diameter is incorrectly selected, it will lead to uneven body contour, and the “washboard” syndrome will appear. If the operation affects large areas, then it is fraught with anemia, because the blood loss will be large. But all this is more related to medical errors than to the shortcomings of the operation itself. Competent work of the surgeon usually avoids these problems, however, in any case, significant blood loss will be, which will not pass without leaving a trace for the body. Another point that will not add health either is anesthesia. For the liver, it is more dangerous than a week's binge, and nerve cells are at risk.

Liposuction can be done at any age and regardless of health condition. In theory, there are no obstacles, but practice often diverges from this. When dead deposits are removed, excess skin will appear. It should shrink on its own over time. That is, a successful rehabilitation involves the elasticity of the skin. But only over time, it gets worse, unable to respond to such a large and rapid weight loss. Therefore, liposuction for an elderly woman who has also recently lost weight can lead to sagging skin that has not been able to recover. In general, such an operation is contraindicated for people with circulatory disorders, with diabetes, as well as for those who have recently undergone surgery on parts of the body where it is planned to pump out fat.

After surgery, fat will begin to grow at double the rate elsewhere. Human fat cells can only multiply before puberty. As a result, in an adult, their number remains unchanged until the very end of life. Therefore, nothing can restore the removed cells, but the remaining cells in the body will begin to accumulate more and more fat. So it turns out that after liposuction, you can gain more fat both in the operated areas and in the neighboring ones. So those who are predisposed to be overweight should not relax. It is necessary to give up food at night, as well as sweets and other harmful foods.

You can remove as much fat as you like. In fact, there is a record, which is still not worth chasing - 9 liters. The operation is often referred to as liposculpture, so careful consideration should be given to the amount of fat removed. On average, it is considered safe and normal to pump up to 3 liters of fat at a time.

There are areas that are best left untouched. But this is the truth. It is better not to perform liposuction on the forearms and lower legs. It is believed that such an operation will not be effective in places of the climacteric hump, shoulder area, upper back. But this is also controversial, as well as generally speaking about this technique. It is best to consult a doctor when choosing a method for pumping out fat, tools for this, places and volume. Trust should be an experienced and a doctor with a good reputation, and not rush to beautiful signs.

Liposuction is the usual pumping of fat. In fact, you need to think about how the body will react to the removal of its significant mass. And the appearance of the operation site should remain beautiful. Therefore, liposuction should not be considered as a normal pumping of fat; rather, it is liposculpture.

Fat is a very convenient material for sculpting. In fact, adipose tissue, like any other, has a rather complex system of lymph and hemomicrocirculation. It is possible to violate its integrity only if you are fully confident in the need for such an intervention.

The puncture sites on the skin and their location can be arbitrary. This is incorrect, the number of punctures for each zone, as well as their location, are predetermined.

The amount of fat removed can be arbitrary. In fact, in this regard, the laws of symmetry must also be taken into account. The amount of fat removed must be predicted in advance and be the same in symmetrical areas. Otherwise, the operation site will become undulating.

Liposculpture can be superficial or deep. During the operation, the tunnels in all layers of the subcutaneous tissue are evenly spaced. Sometimes, however, they admit a more superficial location of the tunnels, which is associated with an increase in the effect of tightening the skin.

The result of liposuction is clear already in the first days after the operation. Any operation of this kind entails a rehabilitation period of 2-3 months. If the work was carried out with the anterior abdominal wall, then we can talk about 4 months. In the first couple of weeks, only post-traumatic edema is present at the surgery site. It dissolves only in the next month and a half, which is accompanied by the formation of an infiltrate. That, in turn, disappears after 3-4 months.

To achieve the final result, it is necessary to go through postoperative procedures. Liposuction does not require any special accompanying procedures - massage, lymphatic drainage, ultrasound. The initial result, as well as the final one, is entirely based on the quality of the operation. And these procedures are offered by the clinics and salons themselves in order to make money on a gullible client.

It is impossible to predict the results of liposuction. In fact, a favorable outcome can be predicted. The patient only needs to comply with all indications for the operation, and the doctors assess the necessary and sufficient intervention, as well as possess various methods of carrying out such a procedure.

After the operation, you can go home immediately. According to this myth, after pumping out the fat, a person is no longer worried about anything. Only small swelling will remain, which will quickly disappear. And in a month the person will return to full life. First of all, it is worth noting that after the operation, you will have to stay in the hospital for at least a day. After all, the surgeon needs to observe his patient. In this case, the temperature is likely to rise, and a feeling of discomfort will appear. Swelling and bruising is the inevitable price to be paid for pleasure. They will last about three weeks. It should also be said that a person will have to wear compression underwear for a whole month after liposuction. It will help the skin to contract better. And only after three months it will be possible to really evaluate the result.

After liposuction, you can forget about diet, sports and expensive cosmetics. To consolidate and even improve the result obtained, the use of a special diet, massage and exercise is only welcome. It must be remembered that surgery is not a way to reduce weight, eliminate cellulite or stretch marks. Of course, removing fat will also lead to weight loss. But if you leave the diet the same, then the fat will return. And in order to understand which technology is suitable, a specialist conducts a preliminary examination. If the fat deposits are small, then all liposuction methods will give the result. The skill of the surgeon is already important here.

Liposuction is performed exclusively as an independent operation. In fact, this body shaping procedure is often carried out in combination. Liposuction can be part of the correction of age-related changes in the body, plastic surgery of the anterior abdomen, or recovery from injuries.

Liposuction saves you from psychological problems. In conditions of psychological pressure, many are looking for a solution to this problem in liposuction. This is especially critical for overweight patients. Sometimes the operation really helps the psyche. Patients increase self-esteem, they have positive emotions regarding their improved appearance, complexes disappear. However, this is true only if the condition was mild or moderate. If the patient was deeply depressed or even had serious problems in food perception (bulimia, anorexia), then the operation will not help either. In this case, you need to contact a psychologist or even a psychiatrist directly. So, do not assume that liposuction is a way to solve nervous disorders and serious psychological problems.

After liposuction, typical marks remain - postoperative scars and scars. Usually, they try to make puncture sites in natural folds or in places that are then hidden by linen. Their diameter usually does not exceed 8 millimeters. Within a couple of months, traces of surgical intervention will be difficult to find, even with close attention to these places. There are no scars or scars left after liposuction.


Watch the video: Liposuction Recovery. What to Expect (May 2021).