Mac (Mac)

Mac (Mac)

The Macintosh or Mac is a line of personal computers designed, developed, manufactured and sold by Apple Inc. They run under the operating system Mac OS (currently - Mac OS X). It got its name from the McIntosh apple variety.
The first Mac was released on January 24, 1984. It was the first popular personal computer to use a graphical user interface (invented by Xerox PARC) and a mouse instead of the then standard command line interface.
A significant difference between Macintosh computers and competing models is that Apple has complete control over both the hardware and the OS; this phenomenon is unique in the industry.
Historically, Macintosh computers have been widely used in computer graphics and printing.

Apple computers are significantly more expensive than others. If you compare a Mac with branded technology (IBM, Sony or HP) with a corresponding computer configuration, the difference is not that great. And in terms of external design, Apple technology is practically out of competition. In addition, it should be remembered that the Apple product belongs to the "premium" class, respectively, and is somewhat more expensive, and even cheaper in the segment of workstations.

Macs are bought only to stand out, to be "not like everyone else." In fact, for most users, the Apple computer is just a tool with which they do their job. But like any premium product, Macintosh computers attract people who want to "stand out" at any cost. However, such people are in the minority in the Mac-user community.

Further development of the Mac is impossible, this is a dead-end branch of computer evolution. This characteristic of the Apple product appeared thanks to the writer Lukyanenko, in whose fantastic story the protagonist finds boxes with Macintosh computers in a warehouse, which turned out to be an unnecessary "dead-end branch" of evolution. Indeed, this characteristic is true in relation to the "classic Mac OS", which developed from 1984 to 2000, and indeed turned out to be a dead-end branch of development. Apple abandoned it and began developing a new generation of operating system, Mac OS X, based on NeXT's OpenStep OS (which Apple bought from Jobs).

There are no viruses for computers from Apple. This opinion was valid a few years ago, but times have changed, and if now the owners of Macs turn a blind eye to danger - they do it at their own peril and risk. Increasingly, PC owners are installing antivirus software, Microsoft has joined the fight against viruses, and now hackers may well turn their attention to the Mac.

There are no Mac programs. This is not entirely true. It is possible that while there are fewer programs for Macs than for Windows, however, due to the growing popularity of the platform, the number of programs for Mac is growing almost daily. In addition, the fewer software options Apple is trying to compensate for with the high quality of those available. For information on products available for the Macintosh platform, refer to the Macintosh Product Guclasse database. In addition, it is possible to work with Windows on a Mac.

There are no games on the Mac. This statement is true only for an avid gamer who spends most of his time playing games and cannot imagine life without the latest versions of a particular game. In fact, the choice of games for Mac is quite wide: Quake, Doom, Call of Duty, World of Warcraft, Age of Empires, Heroes of Might and Magic, Unreal Tournament, The Sims, etc. and the only drawback of the latest versions is that they appear only a few months after the release of versions for Windows. Plus, thanks to Intel processors in all new Macs, you can always boot into Windows and play for an hour or two.

Mac cannot work with Windows. No, Macs can now run on Windows too. There are several ways to do this. First: Windows can be installed with another operating system and loaded as needed by choosing the "Restart" command. This method is ideal for games and applications that require video subsystems, since all components of the computer, including the video card, work in full mode. Note that you need Apple's Boot Camp package to get your computer to work this way. Second, running Windows (or another operating system, such as Linux) as a virtual machine inside Mac OS X using Parallels Desktop or VMware Fusion applications. In this case, you remain in Mac OS X, and Windows runs in a separate window as another program in Mac OS X.

Many files from Windows to Mac won't open. At the moment, 99% of Windows files can be opened on a Mac either using the program in which these files were created (for example, Photoshop for Mac for files made in Photoshop on Windows) or using a program that can work with a certain file format. Difficulties can arise only when working with audio-video files (this problem can be easily solved by installing a free set of codecs, i.e. files describing other formats or using the free VLC file player) or files created using the PowerISO program. But this situation is extremely rare.

Apple is a dying company. A classic myth that reflects the state of affairs that took place in 1996-1997. But after the return of Steve Jobs, the company's business went smoothly. Now Apple is growing in all directions - sales are increasing, stock prices are growing, the product line is expanding, new revolutionary products (iPod, iPhone) appear, and the market share of Mac OS X is growing.

Apple's largest shareholder is Microsoft. Indeed, in 1997, Microsoft invested $ 150 million in Apple shares, but it did not become the largest shareholder of Apple, which at that time had about $ 1.2 billion in the bank. In addition, the shares that Microsoft received had no voting rights and could not be sold for three years. The 10 million shares acquired by Microsoft represented 2.27% of Apple's total shares. For comparison: the Prince of Saudi Arabia Alwaleed bin Talal, in 1997 acquired shares, the total value of which was $ 314 million (5%).

Mac has a lot of difficulties with the Internet. Websites, Flash animation, Java-script work fine in both Safari browser and Firefox, Opera, OmniWeb, Camino, etc., only a small number of "Microsoft Internet Explorer only" sites. If your video is in Windows Media format, then you just need to install the free Flip4Mac package, a Windows Media plug-in for QuickTime, to support it. For instant messaging protocols - ICQ, MSN, AIM, Jabber - there are several programs on the Mac (for example, Adium - an analogue of Miranda for Windows - which can be downloaded for free from its creators' website). Tip: in case of "translation difficulties" you should set the correct encoding (CP1251) in the Adium settings.

When working on a local network, Macs will have problems. Indeed, Mac OS had problems of this kind, but after the advent of Mac OS X Macs not only "learned" how to connect to folders on Windows computers in the local network, but also allow you to open access to their folders for PCs, so there will be no problems with file exchange ... In addition, support for various networking technologies is improved with each new version of Mac OS X.

Unusual interface is a source of problems and discomfort. Let's clarify: most often, the problem is only a habit acquired over several years of working in Windows. It should be noted that Apple was the first to make the graphical user interface available to ordinary consumers. Since 1984, the company has been improving this interface, trying to make it as user-friendly and simple as possible. Perhaps with patience, in a couple of weeks you will be surprised to find that working with your computer has become much more convenient. If you have made a firm decision to change the interface of Mac OS X, there are several utilities for changing the interface, for example, Shapeshifter, to help you with this.

In the process of operation, Macs quickly lose value, they are difficult to sell. Completely erroneous opinion. Mac is a high-quality technology, and it does not lose value as quickly as, for example, regular PCs. Another plus: some Apple dealers sometimes arrange trade-in for old technology. At the same time, a person selling his Mac can get a good discount on the purchase of new equipment, while a regular PC will be accepted only at the price of scrap metal.

Poppy can not be purchased - "Hackintosh" is better and cheaper. Indeed, instead of buying an Apple product, some users prefer Hackintosh, i.e. a regular PC running Mac OS X with a "broken" security module. Perhaps this option is cheaper, but is it better? After all, this method of "unauthorized entry" into the Apple world has many disadvantages. First, Mac OS X can only be installed on a PC of a certain configuration. Second: you need a "broken" copy of Mac OS X (remember that this is a violation of the license agreement, which can lead to liability for this very violation), and not just a Mac installation disc. And one more thing: get ready for the fact that sooner or later you will still encounter incompatibility problems with some components on your computer and spend a lot of time fixing annoying problems and misunderstandings. Do you need it?

Mac is not chock full of options. It may seem so only at first glance. Indeed, the developers have spent a lot of time and effort improving and optimizing the interface and properties of the system, therefore, once in Mac OS X, you can not waste time configuring various system parameters, but immediately start working. For those who like to "dig as deep as possible" the appropriate tools are provided. Firstly, UNIX is a command line with which you can change the parameters of hundreds of configuration files. Secondly, there is a site telling about the possibilities of configuring the system from the command line, replete with various tips for working with Mac OS X. Here you can also find information about hidden "tricks" that appear in the system when special buttons are pressed, about scripts that can be created in Mac OS X (by using the AppleScript scripting language) to automate various operations on a computer, etc.

A computer with one button in the mouse? This is not serious. Misconception. If you carefully examine the modern Apple Mighty Mouse, you will find that it only looks like a one-button. Its internal structure is much more complex than it might seem at first glance. The purpose of creating such a mouse is Apple's desire to make its product as suitable as possible for both experienced and novice users, who often forget when to use the right and when to use the left button. If you are used to two buttons and do not want to relearn, you can buy any USB mouse, attach it to the Mac - both its buttons and the scroll wheel will work without any problems.

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