Massage (from Arabic mass or masch - "gently touch, press", Greek masso - "squeezing with hands" or Latin massa - "that which sticks to the fingers") is a reflex and mechanical effect on the organs and tissues of the human body, carried out hands or by using a special apparatus.
The art of massage originated in ancient times, and was widespread in many countries of the East (Assyria, Persia, Egypt, China, Japan, etc.). In Europe, massage appeared only in the Renaissance, and quickly gained widespread popularity. Modern experts distinguish the following types of massage: hygienic, therapeutic, sports and cosmetic.
Sports massage, in combination with constant training, was most widely used in ancient Greece and Rome. It was believed that it was this combination that would most quickly lead the athlete to victory in the competition. Nowadays, sports masseurs widely use various types of massage to relieve pain and neuromuscular tension, as well as to increase the performance of athletes during competitions.
Only a man can become a good sports masseur. In fact, this is not so - his professionalism does not depend on the gender of the massage therapist. However, in practice, most often it turns out that male massage therapists choose work in sports teams associated with frequent and sometimes quite long business trips. Women, on the other hand, prefer to work with a clearer schedule (for example, in fitness centers, beauty salons, etc.).
A sports masseur must be physically strong, therefore he must devote at least an hour or two a day to working on himself in the gym. Not necessary. In any type of massage (both sports and health), the first place is given to the sensitivity of a specialist's hands and the level of mastering the technique of performing a particular type of massage. This requires from the massage therapist not so much strength as good coordination of movements and masterly control of his own body. And regular bodybuilding or weightlifting can negatively affect the above qualities required by a specialist. Therefore, professional sports masseurs prefer such sports as gymnastics, yoga or martial arts (judo, karate, aikido).
Sports masseurs are required to perform deep and strong full body massage of the athletes. Not always. According to experts, only some sports muscles need a strong and deep impact, while the load on the rest of the muscle groups should be strictly dosed.
A sports masseur must bring his own massage table to the competition. This is not true. Of course, a table for a specialist is very important, but sports masseurs do not carry this type of equipment with them. And ensuring the availability of good massage tables is a concern of the competition organizers.
A professional massage therapist can feel by touch which team player he is working with. Yes, it is possible, but not significant. The main thing is to correctly determine the state of the muscular apparatus (muscles are overtrained, relaxed, clogged, etc.) and make efforts to improve it.
Sports masseurs work with athletes a few hours before the competition and some time after the competition. This is not entirely true. A few hours before the competition, sports masseurs really work with team members, conducting the so-called training massage, the main task of which is to keep the muscles in good shape, improve the work of the ligaments and help increase the range of motion. But, in addition, there is a pre-massage that helps to develop muscles and joints. It ends a few minutes before the start of the competition. A restorative massage, which relieves tension and affects the muscles that have been subjected to the most severe stress, is carried out 10-15 minutes after the competition. The best effect of a revitalizing massage is obtained if the athlete takes a warm shower first.
An insufficiently experienced sports masseur can harm the health of team members. Unfortunately, this is true. An inept massage therapist, especially a sports one, can have the wrong effect on one or another muscle group, especially significant for an athlete. As a result, bruising, bruising and soreness in the muscles can develop, which can prevent a team member from demonstrating their abilities in training and competition. Moreover, an incorrectly performed massage can negatively affect the overall well-being of an athlete.
The main task of a sports massage therapist is to prepare athletes for competitions, therefore, he can not study any other types of massage, except sports. Completely erroneous opinion. It is in sports that various kinds of injuries and bruises, convulsions, etc. are frequent. Therefore, a sports masseur must be able not only to make a deep sports (and for each sport its own - aimed at different muscle groups) and restorative relaxing massage, but also perfectly master the technique of anesthetic and health-improving effects on the musculoskeletal system, stress relief, etc. etc.
Everything that the player tells the sports masseur, the coach will definitely know. Misconception. Some of the personal secrets entrusted by athletes, massage therapists do not tell anyone.
All types of sports massage should only be performed by a specialist. If we are talking about deep sports massage - this statement is true. However, hygienic sports massage is performed by the athlete himself, combining it with the obligatory morning warm-up.