Somewhere in Central and Asia Minor melon culture was born. And the first mentions of melons are found in the Bible.
Today there are practically no wild specimens left. Nevertheless, the melon is the object of numerous myths and misconceptions.
Melon is a mixture of water and sugar, there are no valuable substances in it. No wonder in the East they say that melon makes eyes young, lips fresh, hair shiny, women beautiful and men desirable. Any nutritionist will agree with this wisdom. No one denies that melon consists mainly of water and sugar, but in addition it is a storehouse of trace elements, vitamins, mineral salts, nitrogenous and pectin substances. In terms of the content of some of them, the melon has no equal at all. For example, you can mention at least potassium. It is a building and repair material for muscles. Bioflanonoids make them elastic. Such a combination will certainly be needed for those whose vessels are naturally fragile. In terms of the content of calcium, which is responsible for bones, teeth and nails, melon is generally in first place among all plant products. The sugar in the fruit contains from 5 to 20 percent, but the most important here is glucose. It helps nourish the brain, and indeed gives strength to the body. Melon has good reserves of folic acid. It helps the production of serotonin, the mood hormone. Nicotinic acid will help the heart work, keep cholesterol levels and gastric acid secretion normal. Vitamin C will improve immunity. And the oriental fruit will certainly take care of the appearance. Vitamin A, flints, inositol will help both the hair remain silky and soft and the skin shiny. Finally, let's say that there is also a lot of iron in the melon. So fans of this culture are never pale and do not suffer from anemia.
Melon is a vegetable (melon is a fruit). Popular rumor refers the melon to vegetables, then to fruits, attributing unusual relatives to it. In fact, botany says that melon is an annual herb of the pumpkin family, it is a melon crop from the genus of cucumbers. So the melon is a false berry. This multi-seeded gourd comes in many shapes and weighs from 200 grams to 20 kilograms. And for the counters, melon is often called dessert vegetable. There, it is most often adjacent to another large berry, watermelon. You can safely make pairs such as melon and pumpkin, melon and watermelon, melon and cucumber - they all have the right to be, because they belong to the same family.
Melon is a heavy food for the stomach, because it is poorly absorbed and clogs the body. In fact, even opponents of melon are forced to agree that its coarse vegetable fiber is an excellent cleaning agent for constipation. It is known that this food has laxative and diuretic properties (it helps with gout), it fights sclerosis. There, the melon cleans not just the gastrointestinal tract, but also the blood with the kidneys. Recently, it has become fashionable in Europe to cleanse the body in the American way, with the help of blitz therapy. It is based on melon juice. Nutritionists claim that it is digested much faster than analogues. To remove toxins with the help of pumpkin juice, you need to drink such a drink for three weeks every morning on an empty stomach, where you can add other berries. They will help correct the taste. Still, the melon juice is too sugary, reminiscent of a thick syrup. It is known that in combination with a decoction of parsley, melon juice can even crush stones from the kidneys and remove them. But the dosage is still better to check with the doctor.
Melon is not a dietary aid; it will only add extra pounds. Fans of a slender figure often sin with such a delusion. First of all, it is worth learning that in terms of calorie content, the melon is slightly ahead of its relative, the watermelon. 100 grams of pulp contains only 45 calories. This is quite comparable to pears, peaches, apricots and plums. Melon diet promotes weight loss not due to restriction in food, but because this berry is an excellent natural fat breaker. It will help remove bad cholesterol and heavy animal fats from the body. Also, a melon diet will allow you not to feel hunger and fatigue. This product is quickly assimilated, saturating the body. Glucose will increase performance. The production of serotonin, which improves mood, has already been discussed.
You can eat a melon as much as your heart desires. In fact, there is a difference from the watermelon diet - gastroenterologists do not recommend sitting on melon alone. Indeed, like raw cabbage, it can burn the mucous membranes of the intestines and stomach. So, for health and purification purposes, it is better to arrange a melon day no more than once a week. To do this, you can take 300-500 grams of delicious pulp for 3-4 sessions. Exceeding this dosage can lead to intestinal colic. It would be better in general to turn to a lightweight diet option - to eat no more than 1.5-2 kilograms of melon per day in 3-4 periods between the main meal. But such therapy should not last more than a week. Those who want to lose weight should simply eat 300-500 grams of melon instead of one of the meals. A week of such nutrition will reduce weight by 3 kilograms. If you want to build on your success, then after a week's break, you can repeat the diet.
To go on a melon diet, it is better to choose unsweetened and unripe fruits. Even in Ancient Egypt, it was said that the healing properties of a melon directly depend on its sweetness and ripeness. After all, a ripe fruit, unlike a green one, will not cause indigestion. For a therapeutic diet, it is important to choose the variety, consistency and appearance of the melon. Fruits with firm or fibrous flesh are best. If the melon has a mealy core, then it will have less mineral salts and sucrose. Such fruits are not very much appreciated. The best way to cleanse the body is round sweet melons. We are talking about the varieties "honey" or "collective farm". And for chronic diseases of the bladder or liver, it is better to eat up to half a kilogram of melon daily for a month. Moreover, it must necessarily have a fibrous pulp. The juice from round melons can speed up the recovery from pneumonia, and the liquid from the elongated fruits will help with bronchitis, sinusitis, and chronic frontalitis. Treatment period is two weeks.
The melon peel is absolutely useless, and its seeds are useless. Avicenna knew that a melon can remove stones from the kidneys and bladder. Later it was discovered that seeds have a similar effect. Few people know that they also have an excellent aphrodisiac effect, sometimes replacing Viagra for men. To increase potency, you can simply chew five fresh seeds throughout the day. And so that such food does not harm the spleen, honey can act as a neutralizer. The healing properties of the peel are known in folk medicine. The juice from it can stop nosebleeds. To do this, the squeeze from the melon rind must be dripped 2-3 drops into each nostril. If you put the peel on your forehead, it will help bring down the heat. The peel compresses placed on the throat or chest will help against bronchitis or sore throat. It is important to understand that such a mustard plaster cannot be the main one, it should complement the main treatment. Fresh melon rinds are good pain relievers for bruises. This tool just needs to be applied with the inner surface to the sore spot.
Melon should be chosen by its appearance, like watermelon. It is believed that the Arabs were the best connoisseurs and connoisseurs of melon. They knew how to unmistakably choose the sweetest and ripe fruit, doing it solely by smell. After all, the best melon will have the most unique aroma. There are other simple tips to help you determine maturity. So, the stem should be as thick as a pencil. It is worth touching the crust on the opposite side. If the melon is unripe, then the spot will be firm. In a ripe melon, the skin will slightly give in when pressed.
Melon has no contraindications. In fact, melon will be useful for almost everyone, but only almost. There are such diseases when it is still contraindicated. So, in case of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, diabetes and intestinal diseases, it is better to give up melon, especially if a period of exacerbation has begun. It is worth giving up the tasty fruit and nursing mothers, because the use of melon can cause serious digestive upset in the baby.
Melon goes well with other dishes. It is common among Americans to start a meal with a glass of water and a large slice of melon. In the Middle East, melon is often served with fish. In Italy, the pulp is dipped in sweetened vinegar for an interesting meat side dish. There are many recipes for melon duets, but nutritionists still do not recommend using it with other products. This queen of sweets has a capricious disposition. And it will manifest itself after combination with other fruits, sour cream, yogurt or cream in the form of indigestion. You should not accompany the consumption of melon and the neighborhood with other drinks. Kefir, milk, alcohol and even cold water can lead to bloating and intestinal colic. So it is worth accustoming yourself to eating melon only as an independent dish in between meals, a couple of hours after them. A particularly dangerous combination of melon and milk, melon and eggs, melon and fermented milk products. If there is a place for a sweet fruit in the daily diet, then it is better to refuse dangerous "fellow travelers".