Mother Teresa (1910-1997) is a famous Catholic nun who dedicated her life to serving the poor and sick. For her work in 1979, the woman received the Nobel Peace Prize. And in 2003, the Catholic Church ranked Mother Teresa among the blessed. Agnes Gonja Boyajiu was born into a wealthy Catholic Albanian family.
From the age of 12, the girl began to dream of monasticism in order to take care of the poor. At 21, the girl took the tonsure and received the well-known name Teresa. For 20 years the nun taught at a girls' school in Calcutta, and soon she received permission to help the disadvantaged. The congregation quickly expanded beyond India's borders.
Now the organization has more than 400 branches in 111 countries of the world. Some of the most famous myths about Mother Teresa will be debunked.
Mother Teresa provided decent medical care for the dying. Thanks to her vision, the nun decided to help the poorest among the poor. For the dying in the slums of Calcutta, the missionary charity has created a special House of Calihat (House of Death). There people could spend their last days with dignity and comfort. Mother Teresa wanted those who lived like animals to die like angels surrounded by love. However, when qualified doctors visited this institution, they found extremely unqualified medical service. Most of the volunteers did not know how to treat people, but were forced to make decisions in the absence of doctors. There was no difference in the relationship between suffering from treatable and incurable diseases. Those people who could have survived did not receive the necessary treatment and died. The needles were reused until they became dull. In 1981, the question was raised about the state of these facilities. But Mother Teresa declared that there is something beautiful in the suffering of the poor, like Christ. The world, in her opinion, gets a lot from such torment. One can see the cynical use of the poor to achieve their goals. In these hospices, no one tried to relieve pain. Shock was the cause of death for many. But Mother Teresa contributed to suffering, considering it beneficial for the soul and the path to a better life in heaven. In her opinion, torment meant that Jesus was kissing you. But Mother Teresa's own treatment received only the best. And although the nun advocated reducing the level of access to quality medicine, she herself did not feel any remorse, receiving help from the best institutions in the world. And Mother Teresa met her death not in her hospice, waiting for the "kiss of Jesus", but in a high-quality medical institution.
Mother Teresa's missionary work was aimed at helping the poor. Despite the rich donations received by Mother Teresa's organization, she actually helped only a few hundred people. Upon receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, the nun stated that she had improved the lives of 36 thousand residents of Calcutta. In reality, however, her missionaries helped a maximum of 700 Indians. In 1998, a ranking of charitable organizations was compiled in Calcutta. Teresa's houses were not even included in the first 200 lines of the list. Some missionary charities were not used to heal people, but to try to convert them to the Catholic faith. There are well-documented cases of people trying to access the services of Mother Teresa's Homes for the dying. But instead of help, they were refused. In 1979, shortly before receiving the Nobel Prize, Mother Teresa personally refused the famous Calcutta resident, journalist and poet Jyotirmoy Dutta. He tried to accommodate those in need from the street in the House. Mother Teresa's organization has received and is receiving donations that would transform homes for the dying into modern and clean hospices with a decent level of palliative care. However, this was not necessary for the creator, who welcomed suffering. She focused on opening new charity homes around the world. It would be much better to spend money on improving the existing establishments.
Mother Teresa's organization had transparent financial activities. According to Indian law, all charities are required to publish reports of their finances. But the Missionaries of Love did not comply with this requirement. Once the journalists in Germany asked Mother Teresa how much money she had, to which she replied that it was not their business. One ex-sister in America said that in just a year, the organization earned $ 50 million a year, and the fund's income from around the world could be doubled. There is not a single record of expenditures made by the Missionaries of Love. They relied on donations wherever possible. This concerned food, clothing, information. This covered the start-up and operating costs. Most likely, the bulk of the funds went to a deposit at the Vatican Bank in Rome and was not used for real charitable causes. It seems that austerity was the foundation's end in itself. The abundant funds did not go to the poor, but were used to launch new missions. They, as planned, were to become completely autonomous. There are many charitable organizations that use money to actually improve the lives of others. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is a typical example. The organization helps people through means, regardless of their location and faith. The basis is the understanding that every life has equal value. In this case, finances are transparent and efficiently spent. Mother Teresa's organization hid their profits under the guise of noble causes.
Mother Teresa dealt only with worthy people. Mother Teresa gladly accepted funds from any source, even if the donor was a clear fraud. The nun received a significant amount from Charles Keating, the organizer of the American Catholic and anti-pornographic protest. But he was jailed on fraud charges. The collapsed fund left 23 thousand investors worthless shares. Sponsored by Mother Teresa and Robert Maxwell, who stole £ 450 million from his pension fund. Although the nun knew about the origin of these funds, it did not bother her. Mother Teresa said the donation would help calm the consciences of the scammers. The nun even wrote to the judge asking for leniency to Keating, as he was donating to her foundation. The deputy prosecutor explained to Teresa exactly how her acquaintance deceived small investors and stole their savings. He called for the return of funds, as it was stolen money. This ended the correspondence. Unfortunately, due to the organization's shadow activities, it is impossible to say whether these contributions were helpful, whether they could really improve the lives of the poor. However, due to the poor conditions in the homes for the dying and the lack of quality support in missions around the world, it can be assumed that Mother Teresa deceived the crooks.
Mother Teresa was friends with worthy politicians. Mother Teresa met many politicians, some of whom were controversial. So, she was a friend of the ruler of Haiti, the dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier. He became famous for harsh repression in his impoverished country. "Papa Doc" led a wasteful life at the expense of the oppressed people and even illegally traded drugs from human body parts. But Mother Teresa did not disdain to accept from him the order and a monetary award of a million dollars. She asked the dictator: "Love the poor and they will reciprocate." The authorities used that speech for their own purposes, playing for several weeks on television. But her controversial relations with politicians do not end there. Returning to her native Albania in 1989, the nun laid flowers at the grave of former communist dictator Enver Hoxha. Mother Teresa also visited his widow. During her visit, she met with many party officials. But it was the communists with Khoja at the head who suppressed religion in Teresa's native country. And even if at that moment the nun could not criticize the authorities of Albania, nothing prevented her from doing it later from abroad. Teresa is also credited with contacts with the Nicaraguan Contras, a terrorist organization that killed civilians.
Mother Teresa's missionaries let people die in their faith. The mission worked in Calcutta, where most of the people were Hindus or Muslims. Mother Teresa claimed that the Missionaries of Love allowed people to die in their faith. But during a visit to the Vatican in 1992, she stated that the sisters gave the dying "a ticket to St. Peter" by baptizing them. Those dying who were in pain and unable to think rationally were offered to be baptized for the forgiveness of sins, blessings and the opportunity to see God. Most people were forced to agree, their head was covered with a wet rag and quietly repeated the usual baptismal formula. Such a secret conversion is unworthy of a saint. If the soul is in danger, then it is better to teach it to faith, to allow a person to come to it in a natural way.
Mother Teresa was fundamentally concerned with the issue of abortion, contraception and divorce. The Church teaches tolerance, but Mother Teresa did not support those who decided to terminate the pregnancy. She condemned such women, regardless of the circumstances. Upon receiving the Nobel Prize, the nun stated: “Abortion is the worst evil in the world and its greatest enemy. If a mother can kill her child, then what will prevent us from killing each other? " The uncompromising position did not take into account extenuating circumstances. In 1971, the Indo-Pakistani war led to numerous atrocities, including the rape of 450,000 Indian women by Pakistanis. But Mother Teresa did not support the women and did not condemn the villains, but preferred to pay attention to the problem with abortion. For her, the question was not whether to keep the child from a criminal. And the nun adhered to such beliefs all her life. In 1993, Teresa denounced a 14-year-old rape victim in Ireland for having an abortion. Traveling around the world, the nun lobbied for a ban on divorce and contraception. Mother Teresa believed that marriages were sanctified by God. And when the issue of legalizing divorce was considered in Ireland, the nun urged to preserve the spirit of the Catholic country. True, for personal purposes, Mother Teresa easily deviated from her principles. She supported her friend Indira Gandhi, who began the forced sterilization of the poor. Mother Teresa supported her other friend, Princess Diana, whose marriage to Prince Charles had ended. The nun even approved of this decision, since love left the family.
Mother Teresa lived primarily in Calcutta. Mother Teresa has spent a lot of time traveling around the world. She then campaigned against abortion in the United States and Japan, then flew to Ireland to speak out against divorce. The nun tried to attract the attention of sponsors to her organization. In Calcutta itself, she was not particularly famous. The city's poverty was the backdrop for Teresa's work and media appearances. In fact, she spent little time in Calcutta interacting with other social or cultural services. Even her spiritual mentor Edward Le Jolly confirmed in his book on Mother Teresa that she was not often in the city. And although the nun herself said that she was unhappy away from Calcutta, the activist preferred to spend time between trips in Rome, and not in India.
Mother Teresa provided the greatest possible assistance to those in need. It was already mentioned above that she did not help all the poor, even in Calcutta. Mother Teresa strove to be visible in the midst of immense disasters. When in Bhopal there was a tragedy at a carbide plant, the world's largest industrial accident, the nun immediately went there under the lenses of journalists. Seeing the number of victims, Mother Teresa began touring the hospitals to provide relief. Some of the survivors managed to communicate with her, but the Missionaries of Love did not send part of their rich funds to local missions to provide concrete assistance to those who were in need. In 1993, an earthquake struck the province of Latour, killing 8,000 people, and another 5 million homeless. Mother Teresa was unable to send any of her missionaries or volunteers there. She also did not allocate funds for the restoration of dwellings. But many charitable organizations and religious confessions helped and provided assistance to the victims. Nevertheless, Mother Teresa posed with might and main in front of the new houses for the inhabitants of Latour. In the same year, the bubonic plague struck India. Despite her innocence in the treatment of patients, Mother Teresa was photographed as quarantined in Rome. These photographs have spread all over the world, proving that the nun helped cope with the epidemic.
Mother Teresa has performed many miracles and is a saint. In order to declare a person a saint, the Catholic Church has strict rules. Usually, the question is raised no less than five years after his death. Such a period must pass in order to moderate the ardor of opponents and fans, to get rid of hysteria regarding the character. However, in the case of Mother Teresa, the church deviated from its own rules. The canonization process began just two years after his death. The nun was blessed in 2003. Beatification, the first step to complete holiness, requires the performance of a miracle. In 2002, the Catholic Church announced that Mother Teresa had cured an Indian woman with a tumor in her stomach. This happened a year after the death of the nun, by applying a medallion with her image to a sore spot. And although the woman does believe that Mother Teresa cured her, doctors say that the problem was not a tumor, but a cyst. And medications prescribed at the local hospital helped. Doctors note that the patient is at the disposal of missionaries who refuse to release her. Doctors even claim that they were pressured by the Catholic Church, demanding to declare recovery a miracle, and not the result of drugs.
After the death of Mother Teresa, the whole world mourned for her. The nun died at a ripe old age, at 87 years old. It happened on September 5, 1997. However, newspapers in those days discussed the death of Princess Diana, which had happened a week before. Only in India did the death of a famous missionary become a significant event. Mother Teresa was a sincere and zealous Catholic. Mother Teresa should be considered a fanatic. Her constant visions were not religious in nature, but mental. In a California hospital where the nun was treating her heart (far from the poor of Calcutta), she was even exorcised. And after the death of Mother Teresa, evidence of her lack of sincere faith appeared.