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Morocco

Morocco

Morocco is located in northwest Africa. The capital of Morocco is Rabat. Arabic is the state language. The country's external relations are based on the available access to the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

The political system is a constitutional monarchy. The country's population is approximately 29 million, of which 55% are Arabs and 44% are Berbers. Most of the population - 36% - is less than 15 years old. This fact, in principle, is characteristic of all developing countries.

Islam is the state religion. Almost the entire population of Morocco adheres to it: Sunni Muslims make up 99% of the entire population of Morocco. The national currency of the state is the dirham, the rate is set by the state.

Morocco is one of the oldest countries on the African continent. The historical roots of this state go back to the eighth and ninth centuries. It was then that the first Arab state formations began to appear on the territory of the Maghreb.

The political system of Morocco is a constitutional monarchy. In the period from 1912 to 1956, Morocco was a colony of France and Spain; now it is an independent country headed by a king. The Moroccan Parliament also participates in legislation.

The country of Morocco got its name from the ancient capital. Exactly. After all, the name of this very capital was "Marakesh", by the way, it means "beautiful" in translation. "El-Maghrib al-Aqsa" - sounds right?

Morocco is the westernmost country in North Africa. "Al-Maghrib Al-Aqsa", so often pronounced by the Arabs, means nothing more than "the most distant country of sunset" or "the country of the far west." And this is actually the case.

The African country Morocco is one step away from European countries. Geographically yes. And this step is the width of the Strait of Gibraltar. After all, it is he who divides Morocco and Spain. But if we talk about the historical and cultural distance between an African country and European states, then the width of the Strait of Gibraltar will be clearly small. The contrasts of life in these neighboring countries are too different.

Morocco is a country at a crossroads. On its territory, the west and east, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, as well as Europe and Africa, meet.

The territories of Morocco are very different in their climatic regime. And if the Mediterranean coast is characterized by a mild subtropical climate, then as we move to the south it becomes more continental. And the amount of precipitation in different territories varies: the closer to the Sahara Desert, the less of them. Small floods are not surprising for the north-eastern part of the country. And for the southeastern part of Morocco, nothing special is the complete absence of precipitation for many months.

Morocco's landscapes are diverse. This is due to the fact that the territory of Morocco is located at the junction of natural zones. The Mediterranean region, characterized by a subtropical climate, occupies a significant part of Morocco. And in the southernmost territories of the state lies the Sahara.

Dates are very popular in Morocco. Moroccan residents can enjoy these delicious fruits thanks to the palm trees of the Dais Valley, each of which produces 50 kg of dates per year. The popularity of dates is associated not only with their productivity for the population, but also with the fact that they bring quite a lot of income for Morocco.

Morocco is a financially poor country. In principle, like most other states on the African continent. By the way, because of this, too, Morocco passed a law according to which no one has the right to cut down date palms. In addition, in this state, a sign of wealth is a plastered or painted house. A resident of Morocco may well have a dwelling built of stones, which is covered on top with a mixture of clay and mud. This is what Moroccan villages and villages have.

Tipping is a must for Moroccans. From ten to fifteen percent of the invoice amount must be handed over to the service personnel. And it is extremely unacceptable to leave a tip on the table. In Morocco, a country where tourism is very well developed and is one of the main activities of Moroccans, you have to pay for everything, even for what seems to be (at least in the understanding of the Russian people) and should not be paid. For example, if an unknown boy unexpectedly shows something interesting to a tourist, it will be very bad if this child is left without reward for his deed.

Moroccans are lazy. This feature of their mentality is one of the reasons for the poverty of the country's inhabitants. After all, more than a quarter of the population do not consider it necessary to work - they are unemployed. The remaining 70-75% adhere to the belief that working is not good, that is, they are not working as a decent pastime for themselves. But they don't argue with the mentality! The main source of income in Morocco is agriculture itself, as well as trade and tourism.

Openly European dressing is not supported in Morocco. The national dress of a Moroccan woman includes a long dress and a headscarf. Such clothes are ideal for the climate of this country, both summer and winter. In the heat of summer, these clothes protect you from the hot sun. And in the winter months it protects from the winds. This tradition is more typical for suburbs and small towns. For large centers, it is relegated to the background - the European style of clothing has reached here too.

Morocco is famous for the tallest religious building in the world. This is the Hassan II Mosque. Its height is two hundred meters. It is located in the Moroccan city of Casablanca. The name of this city is translated from Arabic as "white house". The mosque is amazingly beautiful and grand.

Leather goods are popular in Morocco. Dyehouses can even be found outdoors on city streets. And in order to give the skin a natural shade, in Morocco they go to the "trick". Namely: people walk on the skin in a vat of paint; by the way, guests and travelers who come to this country can also try themselves in this skill. So Morocco is famous for the variety of leather products that differ not only in color, but also in shape and texture.

Crafts are an essential part of Moroccan culture. In addition to leather goods (which, by the way, were the most expensive goods in Morocco in the sixteenth century), local artisans produce wonderful carpets, gold jewelry, and ceramics in this country. Copper and wood products are amazing.

Morocco is the inspiration state for many artists. For example, the French artist Eugene Delacroix visited Morocco in the 30s of the nineteenth century, after which he devoted a number of his paintings to images of Morocco. And in the next century, Morocco sunk into the soul of all Hollywood, well, it is worth remembering the film of Morocco with Marlene Dietrich in the title role.

Morocco is a state that is unique in everything. Firstly, this country is located at the very junction of Islamic and European cultures. Secondly, it is located on the border of the wonderful green mountains of the African continent and the extraordinary Sahara Desert - the largest in the world. And thirdly, despite the small territory in Morocco, there really is something to see. Beaches, cliffs, gorges, mountains, cedar forests, cultural and historical monuments - you can find everything here if you wish. And also to get acquainted with the strong centuries-old traditions of this state and purchase wonderful souvenirs of Moroccan craftsmen in memory of the equally wonderful country of Morocco.

The Moroccan capital is rich in museums. In the city of Rabat (whose name means "fortified monastery"), you can visit the Museum of Antiquity, the Ethnographic Museum, the Museum of Archeology, the original Postal Museum, the Museum of Moroccan Art, etc. Indeed, for a person interested in culture and art, walking the streets of Rabat will be very exciting occupation.

One of the most famous tourism areas in Morocco is Marrakech. This city can be safely subdivided into 2 parts. The first is the historic Medina district. The second is the residential area of ​​Geliz. The tourist will be interested to see the Koutoubia mosque and Djemaa el-Fna square, built in the distant twelfth century, which are located in the very center of this city. It is from here that all major streets of Marrakesh begin their journey. In addition, the most famous landmarks are the mausoleum of Yusuf bin Tashfin (the person who is the founder of this city), the Golden Apples Mosque, the ruins of the El Badi Palace, the Dar el Gdaoui Palace, the Bahia Palace (also known as the "Palace of the Beauty", the Opera building, the Menara gardens with the palace of the same name, the Bab-Falkten gate, Bab-Sidi-Rharb, Bab-el-Nkob (which means "secret door"), the walls of old fortifications and much, much more.

Agadir is a famous resort in Morocco. Agadir is located on the Atlantic coast in the Su Valley. It is separated from the desert by the High Atlas mountain ranges. A tourist who comes to this city will be amazed by the golden beaches, rich flora. For vacationers, a huge number of all kinds of entertainment is provided. Among the latter, for example, camel rides into the desert dunes.

A special attraction is the Marrakech markets. Their working hours are from 8.30 to 20.00. Once here, a tourist will have an amazing opportunity to get to know the customs of Morocco residents, as well as buy many souvenirs at a very reasonable price. The territory allotted for the markets occupies no less than a whole block. Each of the markets has its own name: Musician Market, Dyers Market, Jewelers Market, Copper Market and many others.

Music plays a prominent role in Moroccan life. Folk music is especially popular among the population of the state, which always has a place of honor during holidays. Dance is a compulsory element along with music. The latter is often accompanied by various prayers.

There are many celebrations and festivals in Morocco. Many of them have very original names, and they themselves are distinguished by originality. For example, the cherry blossom festival, the Ouarzazat desert symphony festival (held in June), the wax candle festival, the rose festival, the honey festival (held in May). The Camel Festival is held in July and the Horse Festival in September. The Moroccans' love for dates marks the Date Festival in September. In addition, the festivals of sacred music, folk arts of Marrakech, which are held in June, as well as the Tafraout almond blossom festival, celebrated in February, are interesting.

The marriage festival takes a special place in the life of Morocco. This event is held every year. A marriage market is being set up, where young men and women choose a mate. Interestingly, up to forty marriages are concluded in this way, each of which is accompanied by extensive festivities.

There is a legend according to which the tradition of organizing a marriage bazaar arose. This legend says that once upon a time a girl and a young man who lived in these places fell in love with each other very much. The problem was in the attitude of the parents to this. They did not even allow the young to meet. As a result, the lovers, experiencing their grief, wept so many tears that two lakes were formed: Lake Issli (from the tears of a young man) and Lake Tisslit (from the tears of a girl), which were located just twenty minutes walk from one to the other. Since that time, all girls and young people were able to marry (this was allowed), but with one important condition - only on certain two days of the year.

The wedding ceremony is very significant in Morocco. Marriage is provided to Moroccans as a very important part of life. All this can be judged based on the duration of the wedding celebration - from three days to a week.

Moroccans are friendly and hospitable. They are very obsequious, always striving to please a stranger. If a tourist happens to visit the house of a Moroccan, he will be pleasantly surprised at how welcome he is. Indeed, the hosts will do everything possible (and the impossible too!) To make the visitor feel not just a welcome, but also an honored guest.

Moroccans don't like haste. Everything is measured in this country. Its inhabitants can spend hours in a cafe and take their time. The tourist gets into this atmosphere of unhurriedness upon arrival - at the airport. A visitor should not rush the Moroccan to quickly fulfill his request - he simply will not be understood.

Moroccan national cuisine is rich in various spices and spices. For example, the chefs will cook an excellent broth with herbs from chicken. And the lamb will be fried on a wire rack, but always with ginger and caraway seeds. The favorite national dish of the inhabitants of Morocco is "tandji", that is, beef marinated with lemon juice. And also mint tea is famous in Morocco. A tourist should know that it is in no way possible to blow on him - after all, the teahouse may be offended. But you can sigh enthusiastically as much as you want!

Watch the video: Bazaars and Baklava in Morocco u0026 Turkey. Rick Steins Mediterranean Escapes. Full Documentary (October 2020).