Philippines (Republic of the Philippines) is a state located in Southeast Asia and includes a huge number of islands. The capital of the state is the city of Manila.

The government of the Philippines is a presidential republic. The judiciary is independent. The province is the main administrative division of the country. The territory of the Philippines is divided into 80 provinces. The larger administrative unit is the region. The provinces of the state are united into 17 regions. The Republic of the Philippines belongs to the multinational states. Tagaly is the largest ethnic group in the country. But its population is only 28% of the population.

83% of the population is Catholic. Protestants in the Philippines are 9% of the total population, Muslims - 5%. The Philippines has two official languages. These include: English and Pilipino (based on Tagalog). The accepted monetary unit in the Philippines is the Philippine peso.

The Philippines has a tropical climate. In the south of the archipelago, it becomes subequatorial. Average temperatures on the coast of the Philippines range from 24 to 28 ° C, although in the mountainous regions it is slightly cooler. Typhoons often hit the northern regions of the state. Tsunamis, in principle, are not surprised here either.

In the Philippines, the rainy season lasts for six months. Namely: from May to November. The rainy season is directly related to the summer monsoon. But from December to April, the dry season lasts, its course is associated with the "Trade Wind". Tourists can be advised to visit the Philippines between September and early May. Average annual precipitation varies from 1000 to 4000 mm.

The Philippines is one of the largest archipelagos in the world. The Philippines includes over 7 thousand islands. To be more precise, 7107 islands. Their total area is just under 300 thousand square kilometers (299,764 square kilometers). The main island groups of the archipelago are Mindanao, Luzonskie and Vizavas. Moreover, the 2 largest islands - Luzon and Mindanao - account for about 2/3 of the entire territory of the state. Luzon is in the northern part of the archipelago, while Mindanao is in the southern. The Philippine Islands stretch for 1,850 kilometers from north to south and 750 kilometers from east to west.

The Philippines attracts tourists even with its name. And this is absolutely true. But under the name "disguises" such opportunities for a person who comes here, that at first it is even difficult to imagine all this. Nature has created amazing masterpieces here, which are represented by bizarre rocks and coral reefs, a rich underwater world with white beaches. The islands are home to tropical jungle and mangrove forests, which are represented by exotic flora and fauna. The tourist will undoubtedly be delighted by the numerous carnivals and festivals held on the islands, active day and night life, affordable prices in shops, etc. In a word, a tourist can choose for himself exactly what he really likes.

The Philippines got their name after the king. It really is. True, the appearance of this name is preceded by several important historical events. It is about the discovery of the Philippine Islands by Magellan, a Spanish navigator. This happened in the spring of 1521. Fernand Magellan, arriving on these lands, did not find any characteristic features of the existence of the state on them. 1521 is the officially accepted year of the discovery of the Philippine Islands by Europeans. The actual name Philippines has existed since the sixteenth century (since 1543). The fact is that for a long time these islands were a colony of Spain. And they got their name in honor of King Philip II. The Philippines was dependent on Spain until the end of the nineteenth century, but having freed themselves from it, they did not acquire independence (no matter how strange it may sound). It's just that the Philippines has become dependent on the United States. The new owners - the Americans - settled on these lands. The Philippines became a fully independent state only in 1943.

Ifugao is the most famous nationality of the state. This people is proud and independent. He honors old traditions and even turns prayers to his ancient gods. In addition to Ifugao, several other ethnic groups live in the Philippines, each of which has its own customs and traditions.

Corregidor Island is a monument of the Second World War. It is located at the throat of the Manila Bay. Bloody battles were fought for the right to possess this island during the war years. A tourist interested in history will be interested in seeing the ruins of a wartime fortress, the Malinta network of tunnels, the local museum and the Memorial to the Fallen. In the Manila tunnels during the Second World War, MacArthur's temporary headquarters was located.

The relief of the Philippine Islands is predominantly mountainous. The highest mountain in the Philippines is the Apo volcano. The height of this mountain is about 3 thousand meters. Wulan Apo is located on the island of Mindanao. In general, the Philippines is characterized by the presence of volcanic islands and deep-sea trenches. One of the deepest troughs in the world is located off the coast of the aforementioned island of Mindanao and is called Philippine. Its depth is 10,830 meters.

The Philippines is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. Along with Hawaii, New Zealand and Japan. The Philippines currently has nineteen dormant and eighteen active volcanoes. Numerous tourists from different parts of the world come to see them.

The mountain ranges of the Philippines are of volcanic origin. This is explained by the fact that the archipelago is located right at the junction of the oceanic and continental lithospheric plates. As a result, volcanism and high seismicity are justified.

The smallest active volcano on Earth is located in the Philippines. We are talking about the Taal volcano, which is located within the Tagaytay mountain range. This ridge is located 70 kilometers from the capital of the Philippines - the city of Manila. In addition to the Taal volcano, the Philippines - Quezon National Park is comfortably located within the mountain range. Taal Volcano is located on Luzon Island - right in the center of Taal Lake. Its height is 305 meters. Interestingly, the lake itself was formed many centuries ago as a result of volcanic eruptions - the volcano's caldera was flooded. Subsequent activity caused the formation of a new volcano among the Taal Island. The area of ​​the island where the volcano is located covers an area of ​​23 square kilometers.

The Philippines' economy is based on light industry. And also in agriculture and, of course, fishing. Rice, corn, mango, coconut, pineapple are grown in the Philippines. Some islands of the archipelago are rich in minerals: copper, cobalt, iron, nickel and some others.

Manila is the door to a fairy tale. The door that opens to the tourist the extraordinary Philippine islands. A person who comes here will be immediately struck by the contrast between the ancient Catholic cathedrals, which breathe with antiquity, and the Spanish forts, which are characterized by modern shopping and business centers. In general, the capital of the Philippines perfectly combines the sophistication of the West and the unique aroma of the exotic of the East. It will be very informative for a tourist to visit the old part of the city. The remains of the fortress wall, which were erected by the Spaniards in the eighteenth century, have been preserved here. Nowadays, those who come here on an excursion are invited to visit art galleries, museums, an aquarium, which are located inside the former protective structures. The tourist will be amazed at the beauty of the Cathedral of Saint Augustin, which was erected in the sixteenth century, and the Fort of Santiago. Caisson City's attractions include the Colosseum, the Capitol and the zoo. Every corner of this wonderful city will surely delight the eye of a tourist.

The largest coconut plantations are located near Manila. Just half an hour drive from the Philippine capital. This is actually an impressive picture. And if we add to this the entrepreneurial spirit of the inhabitants of the Philippines, then in general it turns out to be a real masterpiece. Among the coke plantations on a small river, this amazing people have arranged a national park. A tour of this park will not let you get bored either by children or adults. Tourists begin the journey in a cart with a mule harnessed to it. This is followed by a whole series of interesting things: a tourist will get acquainted with the Philippine open-air museum, see a Philippine show, and be able to ride a raft. Children will have fun swimming in the pools with water slides. At the end of an exciting day, the vacationer will be treated to a restaurant on the waterfall.

Visayan - "the heart of the Philippines". It is an insular group that includes many small and large islands. The big ones include Leite, Negros, Masbate, Cebu and others. All these islands together occupy the central part of the state between Mindanao and Luzon, Palawan and the Philippine Trench. It is here that the best resorts in the Philippines are concentrated. A large number of distinctive ethnic groups live here. The flora and fauna are rich here.

Cebu is one of the largest tourism centers in the Philippines. Cebu is located in the center of the Visayan archipelago. The capital of the island is the city of Cebu, which is ranked among the oldest city in the Philippines - the city of Cebu was founded in 1565. In addition, this city is the second largest city in the Philippines. It was on this piece of land that F. Magellan set foot in 1521. Tourists are attracted here by the warm climate, which is such throughout the year, beautiful nature, as well as a large number of interesting sights. The latter include the Basilica of Minore del Santo Ninh, Fort San Pedro, the cross at the landing site of Magellan, the University of San Carlos, the Datu Lapu Lapu monument. The Basilica of Minore del Santo Ninh is considered the oldest church in the state - it was built in 1521. Fort San Pedro is also notable for being the smallest and oldest Spanish fort in the Philippines. The island is home to a huge number of buildings of the architecture of the colonial period of the country. The neighboring resorts certainly add to the glory of this island.

Boracay is one of the best resorts in the world. This tiny island is one of the five best resort areas around the world. It is located north of Panay Island. What makes it different is its fine white coral sand. The beach of Boracay Island is rightfully considered the best in the Philippines. Naturally, many resort towns are scattered along the coast of the island, which are always happy to receive tourists. The interest of tourists can be attracted by small caves in Ilig-Iligan, a local bazaar (which is distinguished by very colorful colors), as well as the village of Din Ivid.

Palawan Island is a cave land. This island is located in the southwestern part of the archipelago. Its main attractions are an extensive network of many caves. They are connected to each other by an underground river, which is eight kilometers long. This cave complex is surrounded by a wonderful rainforest, and together it is part of the National Park. The name of the park is Saint Paul's Subterranian River. The Honda Bay is very beautiful, the Rodriguez Butterfly Farm, the Crocodile Institute is interesting. Palawan is surrounded by over 1,700 small islets and reefs. Therefore, this region is an ideal place for diving.

Baguio is a mountain resort. It is located 50 kilometers from Manila and is part of the Benguet province. This resort can also be called the summer capital of the Philippines. The city is famous for its mild climate and clean air - Baguio lies at an altitude of more than 1500 meters above sea level. Among the sights of Baguio, Mansion Mansion, Bell Church, as well as living masterpieces of nature - crystalline rock massifs. The Menshn Mansion is considered the summer residence of the Philippine government. Bell Church is literally translated as "Temple of the Bell". Not far from the resort is Lingen Bay. It is called the "Hundred Islands" Bay. It is not known why there are a hundred, if there are about four hundred islands in total. The bay is flanked by amazing white sandy shores. It also features extensive coral reefs.

Zambale is a mountainous region of the Philippines. The tourist will be interested to see the Sagada caves, rice terraces, mountain serpentine Zigzag Road and the Ma-Cho temple. Sagada Cave is the burial place of the Ifuago tribe. And the most beautiful rice terraces are about 22 thousand kilometers long. It is widely believed that their history goes back more than three thousand years. Those who come here on vacation will enjoy the nature of the resorts of the islands of Kapones and Kamera, beaches in the areas of Tambobong, Iba, La Union, Amungan, etc.

The Lost Valley is a famous place in the Philippines. Lost Valley - Hidden Valley - is located in the vicinity of the small town of Alaminos, which is one hour from Manila. There are mineral springs among the tropical greenery. There are several of them, each has a different temperature (which varies from 25 to 43 degrees Celsius) and a different mineral composition - each is unique. The Lost Valley has a pool of love, a well of desires. You can swim under the streams of the waterfall. Masterpieces created by nature over time. Many centuries ago, pools with mineral water appeared in solidified lava. This water flowed down from the mountains. After a while, a tropical forest formed here, which still exists today. Tourists can check into the hotel. The healing properties of local pools have been noted by doctors. Here many people get rid of their diseases. As an excursion, you can get acquainted with tropical flora and fauna, see the most ancient trees and get an energy charge from them. And the silence here is just amazing.

Holidays in the Philippines represent the best combination of price and quality. Indeed, the tourism industry is really very developed in the state. The service is presented at the highest level. The hotels on the islands are comfortable. The choice of restaurants, bars, nightclubs is huge. The entertainment and sports centers in the Philippines are well equipped.

The Philippines has a variety of outdoor activities. From hiking to parachuting. In the Philippines, there are opportunities for climbing, diving, surfing, cycling (including mountain), golf, horse riding, etc.

The Philippines is a collection of entertainment and educational programs. That's for sure. Fascinating excursion routes have been developed here and there are wonderful opportunities for relaxing on the beaches (the most famous resorts include: Bohol, El Nido, Boracay, Palawan). And who can be left indifferent by cruises to these uninhabited islands? Or a trip to the mysterious and unusual jungle for us? Or visiting active volcanoes and marine reserves?

The Philippines is an ideal diving destination. We are talking about diving for professionals in this business, and for beginners. The area of ​​the most famous coral reefs is about 30 thousand square kilometers. Among the underwater attractions (besides amazing reefs): sunken ships, unusual underwater islands and a unique underwater life. In the coastal waters you can see many beautiful fish, turtles, stingrays, dolphins are found here.You can dive into the underwater world both at the very shore and from special ships. Sulu-Si and Visayas are very popular among tourists. These places have been preserved in their original form. There are photo opportunities and diving training from experienced instructors. Scuba diving equipment rental bases operate. A rich underwater world can be observed around Mindoro Island. The reefs surrounding the island are a protected national reserve. And what beautiful multi-colored fields of water lilies are here! Sometimes a water snake can be seen. Koenchno can be creepy (unknowingly), but practically not dangerous, since the mouth of water snakes is very small.

The Philippines is the eighth wonder of the world. The contrast between the modern cities of the state and small towns (such as, for example, Manila), many of which are located on small islands on the coast with amazingly clear sea water and stunning white (coral) sand, is striking. The eighth wonder of the world is the man-made rice terraces. They are rice fields, located in steps on the slopes of the mountains. They were created by human hands. When is unknown. But the fact is that rice terraces already existed before the arrival of the Spaniards.

Low tides are common in the Philippines. They are pretty strong. Starting at 4 pm, the water recedes several meters. In this case, naturally, not a narrow strip of the seabed is exposed. For locals, the ebb is a great opportunity to collect seafood without plunging into its waters. Tourists with this common phenomenon for Filipinos need to be extremely careful. Low tides may well play an unkind joke with people who do not know about them. If a tourist gathers in the evening to look into the sea waters and swim among them for two or three hours, then he risks suddenly discovering for himself that he will not have to return to the shore by swimming over the wonderfully beautiful corals, but on foot and directly along them. In this case, abrasions on the body will also be common.

Check out the prices before heading to the desert island. The fact is that tourists do not often meet who, having arrived in the Philippines, do not want to see a wild uninhabited island. There is certainly an opportunity for this. And for many boatmen - people who offer their services for ferrying to the respective islands - to rip off extra money from people who have not yet mastered is an additional salary. These boatmen choose people who have just arrived as their kind of victims (until they figured out how much). Defining those is more than simple - by the lack of tanning. An interesting fact is that the Filipinos themselves called these boats "banks". Moreover, both large and small boats have peculiar wings - made of bamboo sticks. What are they for? Perhaps so that when the tide is low, the boat does not turn over on its side. Or maybe for some more convoluted reason.

The holiday calendar in the Philippines is designed for the whole year. On the islands of the archipelago, Spanish, American and Malay cultures interact with each other. The month of January is characterized by the celebration of the Christmas holidays. February is marked by flower festivals. An interesting Coconut Palm Festival is celebrated in August, as well as a tuna festival. The last holiday is accompanied by tasting of seafood dishes.

Filipinos are slow. This trait of their character, which is unusual for many Russians, may cause some discontent among them (the Russians). Even service personnel in hotels, promising to bring something or to find out, rarely can do it right away. During the period of time between the request and its execution, it is quite possible to have a snack, return to the room for a forgotten thing, etc.

Filipinos are calm people. They are reliable and not dangerous. Moreover, Filipinos are extremely helpful and friendly.

Filipinos respect Spaniards. Although Spain deprived the Philippines of independence for a long time, the people of the Philippines are grateful to the Spanish for the cultural heritage they left behind. But Filipinos dislike Americans a little. They say that only hamburgers are left of the Americans.

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