Romania is located in South-Eastern Europe. For centuries, they fought among themselves, eventually falling under the Ottoman yoke.
The independent Romanian state appeared only in 1878, shortly before this, the principality of Moldavia and Wallachia united. From 1948 to 1989, the country developed along the socialist path, but after the revolution it switched to democratic "Western" rails.
In 2004, the state became a member of NATO, and since 2007 - a member of the EU. Romania is a multinational country with a rich history. They say that Count Dracula used to live there, but now only gypsies live there. I must say that we still perceive Romania through a series of myths. We will try to debunk them.
The name Romania is closely related to the Roma. The name of the country is said to be of Gypsy origin, as it echoes the word "roma" ("man" in Gypsy). However, the etymology of the word Romania is completely different. The name of the country comes from the Latin "romanus", which means "Roman".
The Romanian language has Romani roots. Unlike most other Slavic languages in this region, Romanian has Romanic roots. He is close in origin to Spanish, French and Italian. The soil for this originated during the occupation of this area by the Roman Empire. Tourists from Western Europe meet many familiar words and expressions in Romanian.
Romania is a country of gypsies. This country is home to the largest ethnic group of Roma in Europe. But there are only 2.5% of them in Romania. The gypsies do not have their own state at all, they are scattered around the world. Until the middle of the 19th century, this people was enslaved by the Hungarian and Romanian landowners. But even after the release of the Roma, they continued to be considered outcasts. And even now some discrimination persists. There are few successful Roma in Romania. Here, this people is treated especially harshly. And due to the fact that Romanians are often associated with Roma, citizens themselves prefer to distance themselves from Roma. Those are engaged in rough work, live mainly in villages and city ghettos. At the same time, it is impossible to meet Roma in the resorts of the country, the probability of suffering from them is higher in large European cities than in Bucharest.
Romanian schools do not accept Roma children. There is a national problem in that Roma children have a lower level of education than their peers. But the reasons lie in the marginal position of the people and their poverty, and not in public policy. Access to education can be limited due to the fact that parents with children simply do not have any official documents. Without them, children cannot be accepted for study. Some gypsies were born abroad without a birth certificate. The precarious situation of families leads to the fact that Roma children often drop out of school. The patriarchal ideas of the people belittle the role of women, believing that she does not need education. There are also problems with prejudice, discrimination among teachers, parents, students. That is why the Romanian Ministry of Education issued a special decree that fights against negative phenomena. But the problems are mainly caused by the way of life of the Roma themselves.
Count Dracula once lived in Romania. This character has become part of popular culture. And he first appeared in the novel "Dracula" by Bram Stoker back in 1897. It is believed that the writer created his vampire on the basis of the image of a real historical figure, Vlad Tepes (1431-1476), nicknamed Dracula ("dragon"). This man was once the ruler of Wallachia. He had a tumultuous life, with exiles, internecine wars, executions, and even charity. Over time, historians discovered an anonymous document dating back to 1463, exposing the ruler's extraordinary bloodthirstiness. Someone told how Vlad Tepes executed hundreds of boyars, personally ripped open the belly of his mistress, ate at the place of execution or battle, cut out the genitals of harlots. Historians doubt the veracity of these stories, but Vlad the Impaler became a part of folklore like a great monster. Bram Stoker himself heard legends about how the ruler of Wallachia became a vampire after death, or that his body was not found in the grave. This is how myths became the basis for the book.
Count Dracula lived in the Romanian castle Bran. It is believed that Count Dracula lived in the ancient castle of Bran. After the publication of the novel of the same name by Bram Stoker, seekers of traces of vampires have become frequent visitors to Romania. On the border of Wallachia and Transylvania, a Gothic high fortress was found on a high rock. It fit perfectly with Count Dracula's castle pattern. Bran Castle had intricate labyrinths, galleries, secret rooms, high walls, and narrow passages. In fact, this place has never been associated with vampires. The fortress was in the XIV-XVII centuries a purely defensive structure, and then it became the property of the royal family. She opened a museum of medieval interior here. Folk legends say that Vlad Tepes once stopped in Bran during his campaigns, and he hunted in the vicinity. But in the novel "Dracula" the count lived on the Tihutsa pass, between Moldova and Transylvania. But in that place traces of the castle were not found. A hotel stylized as a fortress was built there for tourists. The myth of the Bran vampire castle was confirmed by Coppola's film, which was allegedly filmed in Bran. In fact, the setting was recreated in the pavilions of Hollywood. It is believed that when describing the interiors of Dracula, Stoker was based on the gloomy views of Bran Castle.
Soviet architecture in cities in Romania. The socialist era really influenced the appearance of cities quite strongly. Nevertheless, many medieval buildings can still be found here, especially in Transylvania. For example, Brasov will appear before the tourist as a city with stone walls and seven bastions. There are many cathedrals and churches in the central part of the city. Tourists are taken to the towns of Sighisoara, Fagaras, which have preserved their medieval appearance.
Romania remained a pro-Russian country. Socialism and a craving for Russia quickly left Romania in the 1990s. Decades of friendship with the Soviet Union are in the past. The country is now closely integrated with the main European institutions. She is a member of the EU and NATO. It has become comfortable to travel here, in large cities there is also free Wi-Fi in some places.
To enter the territory of Romania, you will need a national visa. For a long time, this stopped tourists from visiting Romania. And although this country still cannot fully enter the Schengen zone, it decided to follow a positive example. Since 2014, holders of double or multiple Schengen visas have been allowed to enter Romania, according to which they can stay here for up to 90 days every six months.
Romania is an uneducated country. In Romania, 97.6% of adults can read. The country takes part in at least 15 international student competitions. From there, 90% of local representatives return home with medals. The bad news is that more and more Romanians go abroad to study without ever coming back. And local employers themselves rely on practical experience, and not on solid theoretical training of young specialists.
In Romania, ugly women. The Romanians themselves do not think so, perhaps due to patriotism. But the unwillingness to take care of themselves prevents the local women from looking good. Among 13 southeastern European countries, Romania ranked second to last in personal spending on cosmetics and personal care products. Local women allocate only 32 euros per year for such needs. Is it possible to look beautiful in the eyes of newcomers by spending less than € 3 per month on cosmetics?
Romania was once the granary of Europe. This myth appeared due to the situation that arose in 1938. Then, due to bad weather, a global food crisis arose; there was not enough wheat in Europe. Romania exported three million tons of grain at a very high cost. But the country gave up almost all of its wheat, itself being in crisis. In Romania, 700 kilograms of grain were harvested per hectare, while in neighboring Bulgaria - 1440. It's just that the authorities there turned out to be rational and chose not to make money on the hunger of their own people.
Everyone in Romania knows Russian. The locals do not understand Russian, but it will be possible to communicate in English in hotels. In local restaurants, foreigners can communicate using gestures.