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Salmonellosis

Salmonellosis

Salmonellosis is known to many. People believe that this disease is rare, and it is easy to treat.

However, medical scientists themselves urge not to trust the myths about salmonellosis, because its danger is often underestimated. So what is true and what is false in such statements?

Chickens are carriers of salmonellosis. This terrible infection comes not only from chickens, but in general from poultry and animals. A certain role in the distribution is assigned to humans. At the same time, the infection can be helped not only by someone who is already more salmonellosis, but also just a carrier. The person himself does not see any symptoms of the disease in himself, but he can transmit salmonella further. When examining chickens, ducks, geese and other poultry, Salmonella is found in almost half of the cases. But no less significant indicator - about 40% is observed in rodents. The dangerous infection is widespread among wild birds such as sparrows, pigeons, gulls and starlings. Even cats and dogs are carriers of Salmonella in 10% of cases. Sheep, pigs and cattle are also carriers. So don't blame the chicken alone.

You can safely eat boiled and fried eggs. The pathogen really dies from heat treatment. However, it is worth understanding what kind of processing will be considered correct. For example, scrambled eggs can be eaten without fear of salmonellosis if, after frying, on one side, the dish is turned over to the other, yolk down. This roast will surely kill the salmonella bacteria. It is clear that eating raw eggs is a risky business.

Salmonella will die in the freezer. Unfortunately, these bacteria are very tenacious. They feel good in the external environment. For example, bacteria can live in water for up to 5 months, in meat and sausage - 2-4 months, in frozen meat - up to six months, and in frozen bird carcasses for more than a year. In milk, the bacteria can last up to 20 days, in kefir - 2 months, in butter - up to 4 months, and in cheese - up to a year. In egg powder, the bacterium will live from 3 to 9 months. It should be noted that in some products, such as meat and dairy products, Salmonella can reproduce quite successfully without changing the appearance of the products and their taste. Salting and smoking practically does not affect bacteria, and freezing generally seems to preserve them, increasing their lifespan.

There is no salmonella in quail eggs. In fact, quail eggs can only be safely eaten if they are fried on both sides. Birds become infected due to poor grooming and improper feeding. The most common source of infection is feed, which includes processed animal raw materials. We are talking about large and small cattle, pigs. If such food is given in the poultry house to quails, which, moreover, will be kept in bad, hot conditions, then these birds will also develop Salmonella. So quail eggs cannot be considered safe in this regard.

After the raw meat has been cut with a knife, simply rinse it. In fact, people are most likely to contract salmonellosis because of their carelessness. Raw meat - pork, beef, may contain salmonellosis bacteria. That is why it is not enough to simply rinse the cutting board and knife after cutting. In general, it is best to thermally treat the dishes in which the cutting took place. Ideally, every housewife should have a special knife and board just for raw meat. In the dishes where poultry or animal meat was damp, it is unacceptable to then put bread or vegetables. And it is better to put the food leftovers in the refrigerator right away, because bacteria begin to multiply rapidly at room temperature.

Salmonellosis most commonly affects children. You should not rely on the fact that such a disease is indeed more often recorded in children. It's just that babies are much harder to tolerate the disease. In an adult, salmonellosis is mild. It resembles common food poisoning or indigestion. The classic symptoms of salmonellosis are stomach cramps, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever, constipation, or diarrhea. These symptoms will manifest themselves within 12-48 hours after eating food with Salmonella. A mild illness will pass within a week, but antibiotics are indispensable for treating severe cases.

You can recover from salmonellosis yourself. Nowadays, the Internet provides a lot of information for self-medication, and you can buy any antibiotic in pharmacies. Can't you deal with salmonellosis yourself? Such a myth can in fact be folded up about any disease. However, it is worth remembering that salmonellosis is an infectious disease that can also take a chronic form. Then you cannot do without hospital treatment. The person who is the carrier of the infection is most dangerous for newborns. After all, while babies are not a year old, they are especially sensitive to all intestinal infections. So, not only is it impossible to self-medicate, children should not be treated on their own. This will already be a direct risk to their lives.

Watch the video: Salmonella Video (December 2020).