Snakes (Serpentes, or Ophclassia), a detachment of reptiles. The body is elongated, the limbs are absent. The eyes of snakes are devoid of eyelids, have a solid transparent shell on the outside, which is separated during molting along with the entire old layer of skin covering the head. The eardrum and middle ear are absent.
The right and left branches of the lower jaw are connected by an extensible ligament. The whole body of the snake is covered with scales, the color of which is often in harmony with the environment; for example, snakes living among the sand are usually sandy in color, and tree snakes are green in color.
People have always treated snakes with prejudice: they deified them and at the same time they were afraid, either avoided meeting, or deliberately killed them. We ourselves invent fables and believe in them!
All snakes are dangerous! This is the first misconception about snakes. If we are not talking about a ten-meter python who chose a random traveler as a victim, the snake is much inferior to man in size, and, as a result, will not hunt and bite him unnecessarily. A snake bite is its only possible self-defense, and killing an animal just because it crossed your path is not humane.
All snakes are poisonous. In fact, of the more than 2,500 species living on earth, only 500 are poisonous, 50 of them live in tropical seas. In addition, the bite of more than half of venomous snakes does not pose a serious danger to humans, causing only weak signs of poisoning.
Snakes sting the victim with their forked tongue. This ancient belief has nothing to do with reality. All snakes bite! To do this, they have teeth, and the tongue is the organ of smell, touch and taste.
The snakes are completely deaf. This statement is not entirely true. Having no outer ears and eardrums, snakes hear with a special, inner ear, capturing vibrations that propagate through land or water. In addition, they have an excellent sense of smell and are sensitive to heat. So the replacement of ordinary ears in snakes is impressive, and snakes hear, but not in the same way as we do.
Snakes hypnotize their victims. Obviously, this prejudice arose because their eyes are always open - snakes do not have closing eyelids and never blink. But all the magical properties attributed to them are deception.
Snakes love milk. The myth that snakes are trying in every possible way to find and get to milk: they climb into the barns at night and drink it directly from the cow's udder, has no soil under it. In the barn, snakes are looking for rodents that hide in the hay, and they cannot suck milk from the udder on their own, because the tongue and the shape of the jaws are not adapted for this.
Snakes cannot stand milk and will never drink. This is a different interpretation of the relationship of snakes to milk. And the truth is actually somewhere in between: in nature, snakes never drink milk - they simply do not digest it, causing allergic and stomach diseases - but in extremely rare cases, when there is no water nearby, they can agree to milk.
If you scare a snake, it will crawl away by itself. A snake trapped in a trap, frightened by inappropriate actions on your part, can be very dangerous! Provoked by aggressive attacks in her direction, she most often rushes into the attack, therefore, when meeting with a snake, one must remain calm and slowly leave.
An incision should be made in the wound so that the poison flows out faster. If you do not have time to cut the wound immediately after the bite, such an action will become useless. Moreover, the resulting cuts will take a long time to heal and may cause infection to enter the wound.
A tourniquet should be applied to the wound, which will stop the spread of the poison throughout the body. Since the snake venom spreads through the lymphatic vessels, the tourniquet will not stop it from entering the bloodstream. To slow down the resorption of the poison, you need to fix the bitten limb in a motionless position and provide the victim with complete rest.
Alcohol or moxibustion will help disinfect the wound. Better to use a solution of hydrogen peroxide or potassium permanganate. Alcohol only stimulates blood flow, which in this case is not desirable. And burns do more harm than good.
Dead snakes are not dangerous. Be careful when handling a slain snake! The severed head can bite for some time, maintaining the toxicity of the poison and the mobility of the muscles.