Spain is a state in southwestern Europe that occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula. I recall the fact that when Paul I was forced to declare war on Spain, she refused to admit this fact, since the fleets and armies could not meet.
We can also mention the assistance of the USSR in the struggle of Spain for independence in the 30s of the 20th century and how Spanish children emigrated to our country. Today tourism to Spain is gaining momentum, but, despite the strong ties between the countries, many of our compatriots know little about the amazing European country, rich in its cultural traditions, history and nature. Let's consider the main myths about Spanish characteristics.
The cathedral of Barcelona is the Cathedral of the Sagrada Familia. In fact, the city's cathedral is called the Cathedral of Saint Eulalia and it is located in the square de la Sue. The Sagrada Familia is the famous unfinished basilica by architect Antoni Gaudí. However, many call this building a cathedral. Therefore, intending to get to the Cathedral of the Holy Family, do not look for it as a cathedral, these buildings are completely different.
Paella is a seafood dish. Paella is a rice dish. It, like pizza, may well contain seafood, however, like pizza, the filling can be absolutely any. Paella "Valenciana" is an analogue of the pizza "Margarita", from the name it is clear that the dish first appeared in Valencia, and on its green fields you will not find squid or shrimp. Paella "Valenciana" is made from pork, rabbit or chicken, although in the old days even snails were used for its preparation.
Bullfighting is a national Spanish sport. This is not true for two reasons. First of all, bullfighting is not a sport in general, but even more national. Football is the real national sport in Spain. The country has many stadiums built specifically for this entertainment. However, it should be noted that all these structures were erected during the reign of Franco, who ruled Spain from 1939 to 1975. The dictator believed that this bullfight creates a special color for the country, its image, so he cultivated this entertainment in every possible way.
The most popular drink in Spanish bars is sangria. The attitude to sangria in the country is the same as we have to vodka - it is used at parties, parties. Its use on holidays is justified by its low price, and the drink can quickly become intoxicated. Although there is no single traditional recipe for making a drink, its creation is accompanied by the attention and love of the creators. Those who order sangria in bars are almost 100% tourists, which the owners are well aware of, applying the appropriate approach.
The most famous and popular dance in Spain is flamenco. Flamenco is not exclusively dance, although it does include it. Flamenco has four main parts: vocals, guitar, dance and hand claps. And dance is by no means the most important part, it can be easily excluded. Historically, flamenco is not even an art in Spain, but only in Andalusia. Today flamenco has already become a part of the history of Madrid and even Barcelona, but it will be extremely difficult to find it in other parts of the country.
When visiting Spain, you should stock up on sunscreen at any time. Many, visiting Spain even in late autumn, stock up on these remedies, fearing the burning sun. But these tourists go back with an umbrella. Spain is not at all a tropical paradise, where it is hot all year round. In Galicia, it rains almost all autumn and winter, and in Madrid, as in other cities in the west and north of the country, it is very cold in winter. Global warming hasn't changed that much.
Proficiency in Spanish is highly valued in the country. In most cases this is true, however there are provinces in which the local language is not Spanish at all. These include the Basque country, Galicia and Catalonia. In the last of them, they will generally look askance at a Hispanic person. Catalonia is proud of its autonomy and is trying in every possible way to isolate itself from Spain. So, this region even has its own football team, which regularly holds football matches, but is not officially recognized by anyone. Therefore, while in the Basque Country or Catalonia, even an inept attempt to communicate in the local dialect will cause a more favorable attitude than pure and correct Spanish.
In Spain, food is just as spicy and spicy as in Mexico. Like the fairy tale of the princess and the pea, a Spanish cookbook says: “Add just one drop of Tabasco sauce to a pot of stew for twenty people, and you’ll see every Spaniard waving his hand in front of his mouth, trying to cool the heat of the hottest. Mexican chili ". This approach is certainly an exaggeration, but there is a bit of truth in it. Many Spaniards sincerely believe that a pinch of sweet paprika will add spice to food.
There is a special Spanish dish called tapas or tapa. First of all, it should be said that tapas is only a way of preparing a dish, not itself. Tapas can be anything you want - couscous, paella, shrimp, stir-fry, and even a hamburger. Tapa is a small snack that is served with alcohol. Sometimes tapa is even provided free of charge. Of course, you can try the full range of tapas in one bar, but it would be more correct, and more fun, to raid all the local bars and pay attention to all the culinary delights of different chefs in the form of their tapas.
In Spain, everyone wants a tip. It is not true! Most likely, this myth was included by an illegible author in one of the country's travel guides and quickly spread across the Internet. In Spain, tips are not generally accepted, especially in inexpensive, "family" restaurants. In exceptional cases, a Spaniard can leave change on a check in a restaurant, but to reach into his pocket to pay a certain amount on top is impossible!
At lunchtime the Spaniards do not work - they have a siesta. Around the siesta itself there are many myths - during it they sleep, eat and just relax, they also write that this is the time of unbearable heat, when it is simply impossible to work. The time of the beginning of the siesta is also unclear, someone calls it noon, and someone calls it 13:00. In fact, the emergence of the siesta is due to the fact that the Spaniards are very sensitive to the process of food consumption, which is why from 13-30 to 15 o'clock both young and old have a full meal - at the table at home or in a restaurant. Small shops do not make sense to work at this time - after all, the sellers need to have a snack, and there are almost no buyers. But they also close later, because employees have a 4-hour working week. But large shopping centers do not stop working, at this time only a change is carried out, souvenir shops are also working, which conduct almost round-the-clock activity. This is not to say that all Spaniards sleep during siesta. Of course, in hot areas, when the summer temperature exceeds 30 degrees, you want to lie down, but in more temperate areas this is by no means the rule. By the way, siesta is inherent not only to the Spaniards, a similar lifestyle is led in the Philippines, Cyprus, Greece.
In Spain, all roads are free and well maintained. The country has a fairly large and extensive network of toll motorways. By the way, they are located in tourist areas.
In Spain, many matadors and bullfighters were known by sight and even loved as national heroes. In fact, the word "matador" literally means "killer" or "butcher" is used extremely rarely, although it is a traditional term for bullfighting. More often the term "bullfighter" is used, which means "participant of the bullfight", usually this word refers to the matador. And the bullfighters in Spain never knew in person, because the word was invented by the Frenchman Prosper Mérimée in the short story "Carmen". In Spain, the saying "Spain and Spain Merimee" is often used, which hints at the fact that there is a difference between the real country and the one that writers reflect in their writings.
During the bullfight, picadors on horseback drive off the bulls with long lances. It is hard to imagine that the lances could drive away an angry bull. In the bullfight, the picadors rip the withers of the bull so that it becomes even more brutal, but at the same time it loses blood and strength. And the bull is always alone in the arena.
Spaniards are generally non-punctual people. And it is true! In the Spaniards' scale of values, commitment and accuracy are far from the first places. Moreover, this behavior does not depend on social status. In Spain, it is not customary to rush somewhere and rush someone. Having ordered a dish in the restaurant in advance, get ready for the fact that they will start preparing it only after your arrival.
The Spaniards are very sociable. And this is also true. The Spaniards love to spend time in public places (bars, coffee houses). Residents are very cheerful and cheerful. It is known that locals are ready to chat for hours on a variety of topics. However, there are some taboos - it is not customary to talk about death and money. It is common for Spaniards to pour out their feelings, to boil with passion. This gives the locals a loving flavor.
Education is paid in Spain. This statement applies only to higher education, while secondary education is compulsory and free for children from 6 to 16 years old.
Remnants of Francoists and Republicans are buried in the Valley of the Fallen memorial as a sign of reconciliation. This monument with a truly pharaonic scale was built for 20 years and was originally conceived by Franco as a personal burial vault. The complex was carved into the rocks and topped with a 150-meter-high white cross. The main builders were prisoners from nearby concentration camps. The remains of the adherents of the dictator's regime were taken to the Valley of the Fallen, but they were not enough to fill the tombs, then they began to import the remains of the Republicans there, without asking the consent of their relatives. Franco himself, trying to enlist international support, declared the complex a sign of reconciliation, although until the last moment he clearly separated his opponents and associates. Today the complex is depoliticized by the decision of the authorities, and the relatives of the Republicans demand the return of the remains of their loved ones.
In Spain, Catholicism is proclaimed as a compulsory religion. The days of the Inquisition have passed, today the country has officially proclaimed freedom of religion. Despite this, the population is very religious, about 95% are Catholics. Almost 30% of schoolchildren study in religious schools. Nevertheless, almost half a million Muslims, Jews and Protestants live in Spain.
General Franco's mutiny began with a radio passphrase "A cloudless sky over all Spain." The fact is that the date of the beginning of the Civil War refers to July 18, 1936. At this time, Spain has traditionally good weather, so this phrase simply could not be a remarkable password. Today the Spaniards do not see anything valuable or memorable in this phrase. And the uprising actually began on July 17, at night, after the unexpected exposure of the traitor among the conspirators. And Franco arrived in Spanish Morocco only on the 19th, when the city was already in the hands of the rebels.
The USSR helped Spain free of charge. First of all, the Soviet Union had its own political motives in supporting the republican government of Spain. And the latest facts make it clear that Spain paid for the armaments and services of the Soviets in gold. They even say that the gold reserve was exported from the Pyrenees to the USSR, and all eyewitnesses were destroyed in the dungeons of the NKVD. The fate of Spanish gold is unlikely to be found, but the myth of the disinterestedness of the USSR has been debunked.
Spain lost its power immediately with the expulsion of the Muslim Moors from the peninsula. It is interesting that the final exile ended in 1492, which coincided with the period of the discovery of new lands. Soon gold rushed like a river to Spain. But this was the beginning of the country's decline, and the phenomenon was called the Dutch disease. The fact is that a large amount of gold allowed the Spanish hidalgo to live in luxury, spending it on the acquisition of everything they needed from the Dutch and English. Local policy towards peasants simply ruined them, and overseas gold stimulated the development of the economies of other countries. The initiative of the Great Geographical Discoveries was soon intercepted by other states, the same England.