Sterilization, or defertilization, is a process by which an animal loses its ability to reproduce.
Sterilization and castration are the same thing. Neutering refers to cats, and neutering refers to cats. In our environment, sterilization is often understood precisely as castration, that is, the complete removal of the gonads. Of course, it is a mistake to think so, since sterilization, that is, the inability to bear offspring, can be performed without removing the gonads, using other means. As a result, sterilization is a fairly broad concept, and castration is just one of its methods.
Sterilization is very difficult and painful, especially for cats. Today, veterinarians successfully use electrosurgical sterilization, with minimal intervention in the animal's body. With this method, sutures are not even required in the abdominal cavity of cats, as with traditional methods, and the castration of cats occurs without suture material. It takes up to 5 minutes to castrate cats, and up to 15 minutes to sterilize cats. Therefore, a smaller dose of anesthetics is required, the degree of their effect on the body will be minimal. The surgical incision is only 1 cm, so the animals usually do not lose blood. For cats, the absence of suture threads in the abdominal cavity is a good factor, because in this case there will not be any complications (peritonitis, pyometra, fistulas), no neoplasms are formed in the uterus and in the abdominal cavity. Many veterinarians, even with the traditional method, remove the uterus altogether so that neoplasms do not appear, pyometra does not develop. Naturally, this approach is very hard on cats.
After surgery, your cat needs long-term care. Many believe that after sterilization at home, the cat needs to treat the wound, inject drugs. In fact, simplification of the operation, minimization of the incision leads to the fact that the cat heals faster, and some special care is simply not required.
Removal of the uterus during sterilization is necessary. The way a cat behaves during estrus is not caused by the uterus, but by sex hormones that are produced by the ovaries. Therefore, it is the removal of the ovaries that will avoid unpleasant animal behavior or unwanted pregnancy. It is impossible to remove the uterus, even for the prevention of postoperative complications, since this is a very serious, traumatic operation that will bring serious complications, which are practically excluded during electrosurgical intervention.
It is better to use hormonal drugs than to do the operation. Of course, at first glance, it is easier to give a cat a drop than to take it to the doctor for an operation. However, the use of hormonal drugs leads to a number of complex diseases: ovarian cysts, endometritis, uterine and ovarian tumors.
After sterilization, the cat stops catching mice. This is not true, since the hunting instinct has nothing to do with the reproductive system, the operation will not affect it in any way. Do not assume, however, that if the cat has never caught rodents, then after the operation will suddenly start. In general, everything in this area will remain unchanged.
After castration, the cat will feel flawed and deprived. Many men, as if sympathizing with cats, do not allow their pets to be castrated. In fact, long-term isolation of the animal from a partner of the opposite sex also leads to anxiety - the cat will mark the territory, scream at night, become aggressive, and may lose weight and appetite. Castration of the animal will quickly relieve the owners of these problems. The cat will not experience any psychological experiences. If animals have access to the street, then among their own kind they will not have to endure humiliation, since they simply will not receive a certain status, remaining outside the hierarchy, like little kittens. For the owners, and that plus - the animal will not participate in massive fights or binges, as a result, the risk of injuries and infectious diseases will decrease. All this will lead to the fact that the cat will gravitate more towards the house, becoming more affectionate and obedient.