There is a common speech disorder characterized by repetition or prolongation of sounds or syllables, frequent stops, or hesitation. For centuries, people have been looking for the reasons for such a failure in speech.
Over the past half century, with the development of medicine, data on such a deviation have appeared. It is especially important to know the truth for parents who are faced with such a problem in children.
After all, only by understanding the true source and nature of stuttering and you can fight stuttering. However, some myths about stuttering are cultivated there too.
Stuttering usually occurs in a child under three years of age. In fact, most children start stuttering before school. Previously, it was believed that usually such a speech disorder is formed at the age of 3-5 years. But according to the latest data, it became clear that most babies stutter much earlier, between two and three years.
At the onset of stuttering, speech behavior in children is no different from other peers. In preschool age, stuttering children experience intermittent speech, sometimes words are pronounced intermittently. Children often repeat the first sound or syllable. Another option for ragged speech is pauses between words. Stuttering children already at this age have much more breaks in their speech than their peers.
Stuttering develops gradually and begins with the repetition of the first syllable or sound. Stuttering is a speech disorder that interferes with the smooth onset of a word. Moreover, at the very beginning of it, syllables or sounds can be repeated more than once. It happens that people just stretch the first sound. This behavior is accompanied by appropriate behavior. A person can convulsively twitch his head, blink his eyelids, involuntarily move his hands, make grimaces. This general muscle tension can contribute to speech problems. It used to be thought that stuttering develops gradually. And the tension of the speech muscles and the associated behavior manifest themselves later. But according to the latest data, it becomes clear that they may be part of stuttering from the very beginning. There have been cases when some children had sudden stuttering.
The child is not able to cope with stuttering on his own. It is believed that if a child tries to solve such a problem on his own, it will only get worse. In reality, children who began to stutter at an early age and have completed their school course in this state can, to one degree or another, maintain stuttering in adulthood. But according to the research data, 75% of those children who started to stutter in preschool age in adolescence have such a problem. Some children can get rid of stuttering altogether in the first year of speech impairment.
The proportion of stutters among children is the same as among adults. Among adults, four times more men stutter than women. For some reason, it is believed that the same proportion should be in children. But at such an early age boys stutter not so much, the ratio is rather not 4 to 1, but 2 to 1. It is known that girls start stuttering earlier than boys. And at that age, when gender differences become more significant, girls more often stop stuttering than boys.
Stuttering often appears in families where upbringing is traditional from generation to generation. Indeed, there is a chance that the child will stutter if one of the parents stuttered. According to the latest data, 67% of stuttering children had the same problem with one of the parents. But there is no information that in such families the upbringing of children was conducted differently than in other families.
Stuttering people are very timid, anxious and depressed. Stuttering has not been proven to be caused by emotional problems. Stuttering children have the same negative attitude to the conversation, feeling fear of it, like ordinary children.
Most often, it is not possible to understand the reason for stuttering. Several factors are known that make a major contribution to the development of stuttering. But to understand the specific reason why it arises is really impossible.
Stuttering is a minor issue that shouldn't be considered. Over time, stuttering often does not go away, but develops even more. As the defect grows, a person experiences more and more communication problems, and treatment becomes more difficult and expensive. So you shouldn't be calm about stuttering, believing that it will go away over time.
Stuttering is observed only at an early age, but it goes away at school. In fact, it turns out that when entering a kindergarten or school, a child needs to get used to new conditions, which requires all the hidden forces of the body. During this period, it becomes more difficult for the child to speak, and speech defects are felt especially acutely, neuroticism and anxiety increase.
It is necessary to teach the child to follow his speech. Sometimes this tactic really works, and speech improves, but in other cases, the defect is further amplified. That is why every patient needs an individual approach.
Stuttering is a form of child pretense. Some parents believe that the child is pretending in this way. The problem is supposed to be solved with the help of physical punishment. But they will only worsen the child's condition. In addition, there were cases when stuttering appeared precisely after being punished by parents.
Fright becomes the cause of stuttering. Stuttering is an increased background tone in Broca's center, so fear is a trigger, not a cause. There is no such child who would not be frightened at least once by a dog. But not all children stutter. Such a speech defect will appear if the corresponding "soil" has formed in the brain. And there is always a reason - the very trigger mechanism. Another analogy can be drawn - those who are prone to migraines have headaches for completely different reasons than others.
Stuttering occurs when thoughts overtake speech. It is believed that a person is forced to speak faster in order to catch up with his thoughts. This leads to speech impairment. The increase in the rate of speech occurs due to the increased background tone of Broca's center, which is responsible for the speech apparatus. At the moment of stuttering, speech structures ready for pronunciation are blocked, and at this moment new ones are already arriving. All this accumulates like water behind a dam. This creates the illusion that speech does not keep pace with words.
Stuttering is based on repetition and stupor. A stupor is an overexcitation of Broca's center, after which the pathological excitement spreads to adjacent parts of the brain. There is a certain percentage of people who can be helped in the long term by psychotherapy trainings.