Teeth, bone formations that provide mechanical processing of food. An adult has 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 small molars and 12 large molars. The tooth is anchored in the jaw and consists of a dental crown, neck and roots. Inside the tooth is connective tissue, which is penetrated by nerves and blood vessels (pulp). Distinguish between milk and permanent teeth.
The now fashionable procedure for brushing teeth offered by dental clinics harms the enamel. You can remove dental plaque by yourself if you brush your teeth thoroughly with whitening paste for a long time. It all depends on the type of dental plaque. Soft plaque can be removed with a brush and a good paste. Tartar cannot be removed in this way. A so-called professional, or hardware, cleaning is required (not to be confused with bleaching!). Tartar forms over time in everyone and provokes various diseases - gum inflammation, caries, periodontitis, up to loosening and loss of teeth. Therefore, it is recommended to carry out this procedure regularly, as soon as it becomes "dirty" (once every six months, a year). There are no contraindications for her. And soft plaque is removed like this. A thin stream of water, air, soda particles and citric acid is supplied to the surface of the tooth under pressure. Soda crystals, striking with great force on the surface of the tooth, cleanse it. As a result, the teeth acquire a healthy natural color. In this case, the enamel is not damaged, soft tissues are not injured. All manipulations are quick and painless.
Wisdom teeth tend to be awkwardly positioned. It is difficult to get to them with a brush, microbes and food debris accumulate there. It is impractical to treat them. To prevent tooth decay and its complications, it is best to remove it immediately. The indication for the removal of a wisdom tooth is an abnormal location. If the tooth is tilted towards the cheek or tongue, it injures the mucous membrane when biting. In other cases, it is advisable to save "wise teeth" - they can be useful in old age for prosthetics. Wisdom teeth are very troublesome. When they erupt, they shift the jaw, as a result, occlusion may be disturbed, i.e. closing teeth. In other words, the upper teeth do not fall into the dimples on the lower ones, but on the tubercles, the teeth begin to beat against each other. In case of impaired occlusion, it is necessary to selectively grind the teeth so that they fit into place. If this is not done, periodontitis may develop. And the "eternal" filling will not last even for several days - it will fall out.
Caries will not occur if you brush your teeth regularly. Not only. You need to get used to using floss - dental floss. Caries forms in three places: on a smooth surface, chewing and contact, between the teeth. On a smooth surface, there may be no caries if you regularly brush your teeth. It also may not be on the chewing surface if the teeth are sealed in time. For example, in Finland this is done to all children from the age of 6, and up to the age of 15 they have no caries. We also began to carry out similar procedures. On the contact surface, caries can only be avoided by thoroughly flossing the interdental spaces. And be sure to cover them with a special fluoride varnish. It forms a film on the teeth, strengthens the enamel and prevents the formation of caries. For the sake of such a procedure, it is advisable to visit the dentist at least once every six months.
Brush your teeth twice a day: after breakfast and before bed. It is believed that this is correct. Although in the West it is customary to do this after every meal. Many people brush their teeth once a day in the morning, before breakfast. A pointless exercise! Both plaque and microbes remain in place. Consequences - the formation of tartar, inflammation of the mucous membrane. Not only quantity is important, but also quality. The task is to remove plaque. It is necessary not only to brush your teeth, but to clean them for at least 2-3 minutes, try to ensure that the bristles of the toothbrush handle the tooth on all surfaces. By the way, you can check whether you have brushed your teeth well, whether there is any plaque left on them, using special coloring tablets.
To avoid spoiling your teeth, you need to eat less sweets. Indeed, the bacteria that live in plaque feed on sugars while releasing acid. It dissolves the enamel, caries develops. The more "carbohydrate food" the bacteria have, the more waste they have. acid. But the theory of total rejection of sweets is now being revised. The main thing is that particles of flour products, sweets, etc. do not remain on the teeth for a long time. Moreover, raisins, cookies and even white bread are more dangerous for the teeth than chocolate and caramel. The latter contain soluble sugars that are quickly washed out by saliva. Biscuits or buns are more difficult to "dissolve and rinse", they stay on the teeth longer. There is nothing wrong with eating a chocolate bar sometimes or drinking a glass of sweet soda. But don't forget to brush your teeth. You can allow your child to eat a lot of sweets at once (and then make sure he brushes his teeth), but not drag one after the other.
Chewing gums are beneficial because they reduce the concentration of acid in the mouth and prevent tooth decay. Chewing gum actually has a preventive effect. Scientists from the Finnish Dental Institute have found that children under 12 years old who chew gum with xylitol reduce caries. Its physiological effect is that chewing gum stimulates the work of the salivary glands, and saliva, in turn, neutralizes the acid secreted by bacteria. In addition, with increased salivation, the oral cavity is refreshed faster, cleared of food debris and plaque. But do not replace all other hygiene products with rubber bands. They are powerless in the fight against microbial plaque on the teeth.
For the prevention of diseases of the teeth and gums, it is imperative to use dental elixirs. Rinsing the mouth with liquid agents (anti-caries, anti-plaque, etc.) after each meal will not harm anyone. But for hygiene, regular cleaning is quite enough. And do not forget that no elixirs, rinses or sprays will help with the onset of the inflammatory process. It is necessary to treat the disease.
After removing the nerve, the tooth becomes "dead" and darkens. The tooth will not darken if it was treated correctly: the surface was well sanded, the root canals were filled with high quality. But if the doctor in the old fashioned way removes the nerve with a needle, and then winds a cotton wool around the needle and cleans the channels with it, the remnants of the pulp, bacteria inevitably remain, and the tooth darkens as a result.
Whitening pastes are harmful because they damage tooth enamel. In fact, whitening pastes are harmless. But they are intended for adults. It is better for children to buy special children's products. In general, if you are in doubt about something, it is better to consult a dentist.
A crumbled aspirin tablet or cotton swab with alcohol placed on a sore tooth instantly relieves pain. This is not just a myth, but a dangerous delusion. The described chemicals, once on the mucous membrane, will simply burn it exactly to the extent that their effect lasts. Moreover, the toothache will remain with you, but the pain from the burn will also be added to it.
Brushing your teeth with baking soda is a great way to whiten your teeth. Teeth whitening is a special medical procedure. Cleaning with soda is like cleaning with carpentry skin. Soda is a harsh abrasive that will simply peel off tooth enamel and send you to the dentist ahead of time.
Do you know that...
... In ancient times, the theory of a "tooth worm" was widespread, which penetrates into the cavity of the tooth and causes caries. And the exacerbation of toothache was explained by vigorous movements of the "worm". Accordingly, therapies were aimed at driving him out. With an exacerbation of toothache, ancient healers used drugs prepared from a mixture of worms, fly larvae, caterpillars and the like. "To kill the larvae of the tooth worm" the diseased tooth was fumigated with burning henbane seeds mixed with lamb fat. The patient knelt in front of the brazier and the smoke was sucked in towards the aching tooth.
... The Roman physician K. Galen (II century AD) believed that black spots on the teeth should be scraped off with a file and the cleaned cavities should be filled with lead. From the Latin word "plumpum" (lead) the term "seal" originated.