Turkey is a state in the southwestern part of Asia and partially located in southern Europe. The territory dominated by the Turkish ethnic group has become a nation state.
The country's population is more than 72 million people, and in terms of GDP, Turkey ranks 16th in the world. However, for most of us, thanks to numerous myths, Turkey is not at all what it really is.
Istanbul is the capital of Turkey. Although Istanbul is most often heard by people, the capital of Turkey since 1923 is Ankara, the second most populous city in the country. The legendary Kemal Ataturk moved the capital there, although by that time the city was already a headquarters for the government of the national liberation movement. Initially, the city's population was only 60 thousand people, but today Ankara has grown to 3.5 million, becoming a major industrial and economic center. Although the capital is far from the sea, its position is quite advantageous. After all, overland trade routes intersect here; even in Roman times, a shopping center was located on this place.
Turkey is washed by the Black Sea. You just need to open the atlas and see that the country is washed by 4 seas. In addition to the Black Sea, these are the Mediterranean, Aegean and Marmara.
Turkey is an underdeveloped Asian country that lives off small markets. Do not forget that part of the country is still located in Europe. This explains why the cultures of the East and West are so intertwined in Turkey. The country is developing by leaps and bounds not only the tourism business, but all sectors of the economy. It is no coincidence that Turkey is a candidate for accession to the European Union.
The city has always had the name Istanbul, from the moment of its foundation. Another part of this myth is that Istanbul and Constantinople are different cities. In fact, the Turkish toponym İstanbul appears in Arabic and Turkic sources in the 10th century and means "to the city" or "to the city". Thus, Constantinople was indirectly called. That is how, in Greek, the city was officially called until 1930. Constantinople itself got its name in 330, when Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire there, proclaiming the city New Rome.
Turkey is constantly warm. In fact, the country is predominantly mountainous. Therefore, the climate has its own character, including the features of continental weather. Summers in Turkey are usually hot and dry, but winters are cold and snowy.
The origin of the word Turkey. The Turkmens believe that this term is borrowed from the Ruhname of the Great Turkmenbashi, but in the United States there is a version that the word Turkey is a derivative of turkey, meaning turkey. However, it is obvious that the country got its name because of the group of Turkic peoples who once lived on its territory.
The national drink for the Turks is aniseed vodka, rakia. Raki (from the tour. Rakı) is a strong alcoholic drink, like brandy. It is formed by distilling fermented fruits. However, brandy is very popular in general in the Balkans; among the peoples, disputes about who first came up with its recipe do not subside. The strength of the drink is usually 40%, but brandy is often prepared at home with 50-50% strength. Usually, it is drunk with diluted water in a ratio of 1 to 3, or with the addition of ice. They drink brandy in small sips, sometimes seasoning with anise. By the way, Islam, the national religion of Turkey, generally prohibits the use of alcohol, however, most residents have long been leading a modern lifestyle.
Turkish sweets are made from honey. Many will be surprised, but the Turks do not use honey at all for making sweets. Therefore, they may be offended by the very question of which honey is used, because there is practically no recipe for honey sweets in Turkey. There is an explanation for this - honey was originally a rather expensive delicacy, its use would significantly raise the price of sweets. Later, the rejection of honey became a trademark of the Turks.
Resorts of Turkey, Greece, Antalya. This phrase is often found in travel brochures and advertisements. In fact, Antalya is a city in Turkey, founded back in 159 BC. King Attalus II of Pergamum. Initially, the city was called Attalia, for a long time it was the possession of first Rome, and then Byzantium. Usually for tourists, Turkish resorts are associated with the Black Sea, while Antalya is located in the south of the country, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea.
The Arabic language is used in Turkey. The modern Turkish language originated from Oguz, which was used by the tribes of the eastern part of the country. When these peoples inhabited Central Asia, however, they were driven out from there in the VIII-X centuries to the west by the Uyghur and Turkic tribes. The last few centuries have left a significant imprint on the Turkish language from the Arabic and Persian languages; at times, up to 80% of the words borrowed from them were used in Turkish vocabulary.
Belly dancing and hookah smoking are Turkish inventions. Belly dance is a dance technique common in the Middle East and Arab countries, such a name was given to it in the West. In Arabic this dance is called Raqs Sharqi, in Turkish - as Oryantal dansı, which means "oriental dance". However, this dance was introduced to the eastern countries, presumably by the Gypsies, back in the 10th century, so it would be a mistake to believe that it was born here. Hookah was invented not in Turkey at all, but in India, spreading rather quickly throughout the Muslim world, from Morocco to Indochina. Hookah came to Europe in the 19th century with a fashion for everything oriental.
There is very cheap gold in Turkey. In this matter, you should be careful. Yes, in Turkey you can really be offered a cheap gold product. However, most often this is not gold, but a fake, at best this gold will be of low quality, and not of Turkish origin. In general, the price of gold has risen recently, but the quality in general has remained invariably unimportant.
Everything is very cheap in Turkey. Since the time of Ataturk, the country has established an additional tax of 18% on all imported products. In fact, the majority of Turkish goods are made at the expense of imported raw materials, therefore, it simply cannot be cheap. The low price is achieved by reducing the quality. So, when purchasing a cheap item from a smiling seller, know what you are paying for.
In Turkey, men only do what they smoke hookah, and local women work late. In practice, the opposite is true. In addition, Turkish women are extremely clean. This is also due to climatic conditions, because in such a heat, cockroaches and parasites grow and multiply very quickly.
In Turkish hotels, tourists are rarely fed meat. Usually hotels offer a good selection of meat, in some places even up to 5 types. But coffee for breakfast is likely to be unimportant, and juices are more on a powder basis.
In Turkey, dollars are everywhere. The national currency of the country is still the lira. However, the country aspires to the European Union, and most of the tourists are still from Europe, so it is not surprising that the euro is already much more popular. At most gas stations, they will not accept currency at all, only lira is accepted as payment.
Turkish men love to molest blonde girls. You can hear scary stories about how girls are not recommended to walk alone, especially if they are blondes. In fact, no one will harass a woman until she gives herself to the matter. Of course, one can expect flirting on the part of the Turks, but they will quickly lag behind when they see that the woman is not inclined to a closer acquaintance.
In Turkey, it is imperative to bargain with everyone, literally for any product. It turns out that the Turks will not bargain everywhere. There are shops with fixed prices where they will not be discounted. Although, of course, bargaining is an element of national culture. But numerous tourists have spoiled the Turks so much that they are not always ready to reduce the price, knowing that the next tourist will certainly purchase goods for this money.
In Turkey, people of a different culture. It seems to us that Turkey, as a country with Islam, is difficult to understand. We are presented with images from fairy tales, like Aladdin. Therefore, our tourists expect to see women in a burqa, men in a veil, janissaries, camels in Turkey ... Such exoticism can really be seen, or rather it will be organized for you for good money. In fact, Turkey is a mixture of an Eastern European country and an advanced Central Asian country, like Kazakhstan. The cultural appearance of the country has many features similar to Soviet ones.
In Turkey, Russians have always been hostile, this attitude has been preserved to this day. This myth is generated by the fact that Russia and Turkey fought for a long time, and during the Second World War in Turkey, the idea of uniting all the Turks from the Adriatic to the Pacific Ocean by dividing the USSR was generally worn. However, in those years, the country's leadership tried in every possible way to avoid a military conflict, while maintaining neutrality, at the end of the war, Ankara generally joined the anti-Hitler coalition. Since the proclamation of the republic, Turkey, mindful of the lessons of the Russian-Turkish wars, has not fought with the USSR. Yes, and in the conflict in the Caucasus, Turkey supports Russia, realizing that Islamic terrorism may come to them tomorrow. Do not forget that Russian tourists are an important component of the local recreation and entertainment industry.
Turks claim to rule over the entire Turkic world. Recently, there has been more talk that Ankara wants to create a kind of great sultanate under its own rule. There is something in this myth that is true - Turkey is increasing its influence in Central Asia. However, this is done not at all because of Pan-Turkic ideas, but because of the desire to gain additional weight in the big political game that is being played in the vastness of the former USSR. Ankara seeks to influence countries close to it, being the third force after the United States and Russia. And the main foreign policy idea of Ataturk implies the rejection of territorial expansion. Kazakhstan behaves much more dangerous and cunning in this region.
Turks are by nature warlike and violent. It seems to us that the ancestors of the Turks were janissaries, which is why today these people are so fond of using hard force, shouting and fighting. However, Turks should not be confused with Caucasians. Atatürk saw that, deep down, the Turks had no taste for war. Trade and diplomacy are much closer to Turkish society. These directions were perceived and introduced into society. Today no one will grab a knife, you will simply be deceived elegantly and with a smile, and you will not even notice how it happened. The "belligerent" Turks were unable to properly organize the resistance of the Russian army in 1915, and the invasion of Northern Cyprus in 1974 created a colossal problem for the country. It is no coincidence that Ataturk forbade external expansion.
Most of the Turks are stupid. This myth can be seen alongside the myths about stupid Americans. The average Turk is no more stupid than our average citizen. The country has a system of universal secondary education. In general, the Turks are a very capable people, easily mastering practical things and skills. There are many engineers, technicians and builders in the country. It is no coincidence that many objects in Russia and Ukraine are trusted to be erected by Turkish craftsmen. But with abstract thinking it is much harder - few people have heard of Turkish scientists or philosophers.
Turkey is a pro-American country. Turkey is considered by many to be the outpost of US policy in the Middle East. However, the Turks are pursuing an independent policy, not even afraid of exacerbation with Washington. Turkey puts its national interests above America's geopolitical interests. And the closeness with the European Union leaves an imprint on the relationship with the United States.