Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence

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Even in prosperous America, about 25 million people suffer from urinary incontinence (incontinence). Limited information gives rise to misconceptions and myths about this problem.

Urinary incontinence is a problem exclusively for the elderly. The opinion is quite popular that such a disease is associated exclusively with the old age of a person. Indeed, in old age this problem is common, but it also occurs in young people. Urinary incontinence can be a harbinger of many diseases that are not directly related to either age or gender. Occasionally incontinence can be associated even with acute respiratory viral infections, the common cold. So the direct link between incontinence and old age is an unproven myth.

Incontinence is a disease. It is wrong to perceive incontinence as a disease. Rather, it is a condition that manifests itself along with various diseases. Incontinence can be perceived as a symptom. It usually disappears after the underlying disease is cured, and it can also be a temporary reaction to an unusual condition of the body due to pregnancy or a cold. Sometimes patients are surprised that they are advised not to get rid of incontinence, but from a completely different disease. The position of the World Health Organization in recent years is that incontinence is recognized as a disease of a public nature. In other words, it is very common among people and makes life difficult for them.

Incontinence is more common in men than in women. This myth is debunked by relentless statistics. In women, urinary incontinence is more common, especially in the mild stage, than in men. This fact can be explained from the point of view of anatomical differences in the structure of the genitourinary system in men and women. It turns out that at different stages of life, every fourth woman faces this problem and only every eighth man. And the representatives of the stronger sex are more inclined to keep silent about this problem than ladies.

The problem is easily solved with absorbent products. First of all, it's worth talking about how easy it is to put on such products. Much depends on their type, and on the skill of the person putting on the pad on himself. Absorbent pants or special urological pads do not cause any particular problems, but you will have to tinker with other options for products. You should carefully read the rules for putting on diapers. This will help both avoid leaks and maintain a feeling of comfort in a very tender place. The accumulated experience will make it easy to use such products.

The bladder can only hold three liters. This myth appeared due to the banal ignorance of people of their own anatomy and the functioning of internal organs. That is why this figure is not true. Sometimes people, when faced with urinary incontinence, start looking for diapers with the maximum capacity. They are driven to this by the myth of the volume of the bladder in several liters. A little experiment will help you understand reality. It is necessary to pour 3 liters of water into a plastic bag and see how much will be filled. Is it possible for so much fluid to be in the bladder? The negative answer is obvious. In a normal state, the bladder contains 400-700 ml of fluid, only in special cases it swells to 1.5-2 liters.

Urinary incontinence prevents people from traveling. People with this problem often give up active social life. Sometimes they are even ashamed to leave the house, ashamed of their illness. Fears that in case of extreme need there will not be enough time to get to the toilet or it will be impossible to find it in an unfamiliar place. In case of incontinence, you cannot become a hostage to this problem and stop enjoying life. You can lead an active lifestyle, travel, meet with family and friends, visit cultural institutions and events, go out into nature. Modern urological pads are individually wrapped and can be easily hidden in luggage or a bag. The assortment of absorbent products is so diverse that you can find the necessary solution to lead a fulfilling life without worrying about troubles.

You can't control the process of urination. In fact, special exercises for the pelvic floor muscles will help establish control. Thanks to such actions, you can consciously control the muscles next to the urethra. This will be most important for situations fraught with "accident": laughing, sneezing, coughing. Exercise has another effect. They help to tone the muscles of the pelvic floor. This also strengthens the urethra closure system. In a stress urinary incontinence situation, this will be very important. Most importantly, such exercises are available to people of any age and even those with limited mobility. After just a few weeks of training, the first results of such exercises will become apparent.

Due to urinary incontinence, it becomes impossible to follow the rules of personal hygiene. In modern society, compliance with the rules of personal hygiene is a canonical requirement. It is no coincidence that there are so many skin care products on the world market for those who use urological diapers and pads. There is a need for this. In people with involuntary urination, the skin is exposed to active bacteria. And the liquid itself is full of harmful substances. As a result of exposure, the skin becomes dry, inflamed and irritated. To prevent this from happening, special means for protecting the skin and caring for it will help. They will help ensure the normal functioning of the cover, even in an unfavorable environment. Usually, the products are combined into a cosmetic line, complementing each other. This way you can ensure all the required standards of personal hygiene.

Urinary incontinence in children goes away on its own. In children, urinary incontinence is quite common, but this problem usually goes away with time. Up to the age of 5, parents do not need to worry about this, especially if the "accident" happens at night. But you should not neglect this issue either - the child is required in observation. In some children, uncontrolled urination does not go away with growing up. Various body dysfunctions are to blame for this. Incontinence usually occurs at night (enuresis), but it can occur during the day. The main reason is the underdevelopment of the nervous system or weak muscles.

A child with uncontrolled urination needs appropriate protection. These can be either large baby diapers, or the smallest sizes of adult models. The child should feel the support of family and friends. It's no secret that children are usually very ashamed of such a disease and are afraid of an angry or mocking reaction from the environment. It must be remembered that incontinence is not the child's fault, it is useless to scold him for this. Feelings of guilt can only make things worse. It is necessary to explain to the child the reason for his troubles and try to help in such a situation.

Urinary incontinence that occurs during pregnancy or after childbirth will remain until the end of life. For a woman's body, pregnancy is indeed a heavy burden. An enlarged uterus and changes in the hormonal system affect the functioning of the entire urinary system. Among other problems, urinary incontinence appears. And after childbirth, the pelvic muscles are weakened and do not work properly. That is why periodically urinary incontinence can occur in the postpartum period. But it usually lasts from 6 to 8 weeks. During this time after childbirth, the body restores the work of all its organs and systems. With the return of the body to its previous shape, some problems go away, including incontinence. Recovery can be accelerated with the previously mentioned pelvic strengthening exercises.

People with bed rest will develop pressure sores due to urination. Irritations, diaper rash and bedsores due to urinary incontinence more often appear in immobile patients, but this is not an axiom. The condition of the skin is influenced by such unfavorable factors as increased moisture, temperature and their constant exposure. With proper care, constant change in the position of the patient's body, the use of breathable absorbent pads, complications can be avoided. And although maintaining a good condition of the skin of patients in a motionless mode requires large and regular efforts, it is quite possible.

For bladder problems, it is best to avoid strenuous exercise. Controlling your weight is important, as it will help keep all organs and systems functioning in good condition. And although increased intra-abdominal pressure leads to increased urine leakage, the other extreme, obesity, aggravates and provokes incontinence. But the symptoms are more pronounced. When choosing loads and physical exercises, determining their intensity, it is worth consulting with a trainer and doctor. It is better to use urological pads during exercise. Women, according to indications, may need a gynecological tampon of the maximum size.

In adulthood, it makes no sense to fight urinary incontinence. Usually, patients are ashamed to talk about their problem and do not go to the doctor with it for years. But the longer you try to resolve incontinence on your own, the greater the discomfort will be. The problem itself will worsen. So, the weak tone of the pelvic muscles will not improve on its own, you need to actively work on this.

The only way to relieve incontinence is with medication or surgery. Many specialists help people with these symptoms through physiotherapy. At the same time, weak muscles and organs of the pelvis are actively processed.

Incontinence is caused by drinking a lot of fluids. The simple idea that drinking water provokes an overactive bladder is quite popular. For this reason, many people even limit their water intake as a way to combat incontinence. In fact, it can lead to dehydration and constipation. This, in turn, will further worsen the situation and will provoke urine leakage. It will be correct to distribute the fluid intake evenly throughout the day. You should drink in small sips and a little for each approach. And it's best to limit your intake of coffee and citrus juices.

Night waking up to go to the toilet is the norm. The need to urinate is markedly reduced at night. Most people sleep 6-8 hours without the urge to urinate. Do not drink a lot of fluids in the evening, 4 hours before bedtime. Some drugs, for example, for the treatment of arterial hypertension, are also diuretics. Such medications may make you want to go to the toilet at night. If there is such a problem, then it is better to inform the cardiologist about it. He may choose a different treatment regimen.

Incontinence problems are caused by the shrinkage of the bladder with age. Features of both the bladder and the urethra can change throughout life. But the volume of this organ practically does not change. The capacity can only be affected by chronic diseases, but not by age itself.

Urinary incontinence is a rare problem. Unofficially, there are 200 million people with this problem. Many cases are simply not registered and not fully diagnosed.

Incontinence cannot be triggered by sounds. In fact, coughing, laughing, like jumping, can trigger unwanted urination. It is caused by a lack of coordination between the brain and spinal cord. The mind perceives a sharp unexpected sound as a command to discharge.

You don't need to pay attention to urinary incontinence. This dysfunction is not fatal. Nevertheless, it greatly complicates life, interferes with communication, and suppresses sexual desires. Incontinence can lead to skin rashes and irritation.

Bedwetting in children is a psychological parenting problem. It is believed that children deliberately refuse to go to the toilet or use the potty, demonstrating their protest. This belief confirms the fact that enuresis is accompanied by scandals, abuse and stress. But the child does not urinate on purpose. Moreover, this is his big trouble, because of which he is very worried. And stress leads to more incontinence. So any negative comments from adults or peers only contribute to an inferiority complex. It is correct to simply praise the child for "dry" nights and not comment on "wet" ones.

Watch the video: Stress Urinary Incontinence (August 2022).