Vegetarianism (from Lat. Vegetabilis - vegetable) is a way of life, characterized primarily by nutrition, excluding the use of the flesh of any animals (i.e. meat, poultry, fish, etc.). Also, vegetarians often refuse to use other products of animal origin, both in nutrition (mammalian milk, eggs) and in everyday life (fur, leather, glycerin, etc.)
Vegetarianism has always been in vogue. We review the most famous myths and facts about vegetarianism.
Vegetarianism increases intelligence. British scientists have shown that it is often children with a high IQ level who grow up to choose vegetarianism. However, there is an inverse relationship: it is not vegetarianism that contributes to an increase in intelligence, but people with a high level of education are more likely to become vegetarians. By the way, vegetarians use soy as a meat substitute. And the same British scientists have proved that soy products reduce brain activity by 20%.
Vegetarianism is healthy. It is believed that vegetarians are healthier and live longer. Indeed, according to the latest research, vegetarianism often cures the problems of high cholesterol and obesity. However, there is still no solid evidence that vegetarianism ensures longevity. Most likely, the large number of centenarians among vegetarians is explained by the fact that smoking and alcoholism are not fashionable among them, and among vegetarians there are many wealthy people who care about their health.
Human physiology is not designed to digest meat. This point of view was expressed by the supporter of vegetarianism Alain Carr. He believes that the human intestine is very long. And since meat decomposes quickly, it turns into poison already inside our body, poisoning it and shortening our life. However, paleo-anthropology is on the side of the opponents of vegetarianism. Just look at the structure of the human skull. Or rather, on our teeth. In addition to teeth for grinding food (like herbivores), humans also have incisors and canines (teeth for holding and tearing food). This indicates that nature created people as omnivores.
Vegetarianism does not provide the body with a balanced diet. It's true. Refusing meat, we deprive ourselves of protein, calcium, iodine, iron and other vitamins and minerals necessary for the body. You can replenish some of them with other products, but then you will need to eat much more of them, whereas in meat they are contained, so to speak, in a concentrated form. That is why doctors categorically prohibit introducing minor children to vegetarianism, because their growing body simply needs meat and milk as a building material. And the lack of vitamins and microelements that were not received in childhood is very difficult to compensate in adulthood, which can lead to health problems. In addition, it has been proven that if the expectant mother during pregnancy was an adherent of a vegetarian cuisine, the newborn baby has a lack of protein and a low level of iron in the blood. So, doctors do not recommend that both pregnant and lactating mothers get involved in vegetarianism.
Vegetarianism is frugal. New York scientists have calculated that if New Yorkers became vegetarians, the agricultural complex could support twice as many consumers. The local newspaper objected. It says that in order to grow vegetables, fruits and grains, the quality of the land is important, but for the production of meat and milk it is not a primary requirement. Be that as it may, vegetarianism is a costly thing. Being a vegetarian in Russia, a country where summer lasts only 3 months, is the privilege of wealthy people. In order for vegetarianism not to harm the body, it is necessary to compensate for the lack of vitamins and microelements with a balanced diet. Which, of course, requires considerable expenses.