Varicose veins, or varicose veins, is a common process characterized by an increase in the diameter of the lumen in the veins, thinning of their walls and the formation of nodes - aneurysm-like local enlargements.
This disease is from ancient times, with it there is a violation of the outflow of blood through the veins, stagnant changes are observed in the lower extremities. In the early stages, treatment can still be conservative, and in the later stages, surgical intervention is already required. Today more and more people suffer from varicose veins, and there is not so much information about this disease, which leads to the emergence of some myths.
Varicose veins are a disease of only the elderly. Such a picture really took place about 20 years ago, but today varicose veins have become much younger. Today, more and more often 30-35 year old people turn to doctors with such a problem, there are even cases of varicose veins in schoolchildren. Failure in the work of the veins is possible already upon reaching maturity, when the endocrine system begins to change significantly. In Germany, studies were conducted that revealed the presence of varicose veins in 20% of adolescents, in Russia there is no exact data on this disease at all, but there is no reason to believe that the situation is much better. Today, almost 80% of women suffer from varicose veins, and about 40% of men. Although 15 years ago, these figures were half as much, the reason for the growth was the fact that people stopped playing sports, lead an active lifestyle, and a lot of time today is spent on their feet.
Those who consume alcohol have bad veins, but smokers, on the contrary, have good veins. Phlebologists (specialists in vein surgery) consider such a statement to be complete nonsense. Regarding tobacco, it has been noticed that smokers are often sick with varicose veins. The risk group includes people with increased weight, those who love weightlifting, the owners of shoes with high heels. The risk of developing the disease increases with long-term use of hormonal drugs.
Doctors should only be consulted when the veins begin to ache. Doctors recommend not to wait for extreme cases, to contact them already in case of an unsightly picture of a reddish-bluish cobweb from the vessels. Remember, in the early stages, treatment can still cost little money, but in an advanced stage, an operation may also be needed.
Varicose veins can be completely cured only with a scalpel. Today the scalpel remains the exclusive tool for solving this problem. Increasingly, doctors are using injections that defeat the disease. The diseased vein seems to be clogged, blood flow through it stops. The possibility of using a laser to get rid of varicose veins is being investigated. Such a technique could take a place between sclerotherapy and surgery, thereby significantly expanding the possibilities of phlebological care. The most well-known remedy for combating varicose veins is leech therapy - hirudotherapy. Doctors recommend to undergo surgery for a short time to solve the beauty problem, and to use leeches to restore health for a long time. The operation, of course, gives an instant cosmetological effect, however, after the removal of superficial veins, a double load falls on the deep veins, which is fraught with their imminent similar diseases. It is already much more difficult to deal with new varicose veins. The fact is that with hirudotherapy at the initial stage, the vein is completely drawn in, but if the disease is neglected, the vein will go away by only 30%. Although this is not much, the vein will remain functional. On the other hand, blood clots dissolve in her cavity, which will subsequently allow to completely get rid of varicose veins.
You can put leeches on your veins yourself. Leeches are not mustard plasters, therefore, hirudologists categorically forbid putting them on oneself. After all, leeches can be applied to the wrong place, which can lead to the opposite effect. For example, detachment of a blood clot can be fatal. The number of leeches in general, as well as the frequency of application of these procedures, is determined exclusively for each individual, taking into account the patient's weight, his age, what pathologies accompany the disease. Experimenting in this matter is fraught! By the way, in this matter, we will debunk another popular myth associated with the leeches themselves, which suck out almost a liter of blood. In reality, even the most voracious bloodsucker will drink a maximum of 10 milliliters of blood, after a leech bite "bad" blood comes from the wound, since it comes from the microcircular bed, which contains viruses, toxins and other waste products of the body, as well as tissue fluid. It is important that the blood in the vein does not dilute. From the salivary glands of the leech, a secret enters the human body, which contains enzymes - biologically active substances. Scientists have studied 120 of them to date. More recently, Russian researchers have found a new enzyme - hyaluronidase, which, by the way, is contained in the venom of some species of snakes and spiders. For humans, the enzyme promotes the resorption of adhesions and scars.
With varicose veins, you can not go in for sports. In fact, everything is just the opposite - with this disease, playing sports is just useful. The most recommended activities are running, swimming and walking. There are many exercises that can help relieve and heal veins. These include those that must be performed in a horizontal position with the legs raised up - such as a "bicycle" or "birch". Interestingly, yoga asanas, for example, "plow pose", "headstand" or "lotus pose", give results.
With varicose veins, it is contraindicated to fly on airplanes. Of course this is not true. However, during long flights, a periodic warm-up for the legs is necessary, it is necessary to bend and unbend them at the ankle joint. During a long flight, it is advisable to walk around the cabin a little, without remaining motionless. By the way, the same wishes are for those who travel for a long time in a car or bus. When traveling by car, you should stop every one and a half to two hours to get out and do at least a few squats.