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Venereal diseases

Venereal diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases, usually sexually transmitted. Diseases transmitted by intimacy were described by Hippocrates. True, the last fact, oddly enough, added a lot of trouble to doctors: venereal diseases were overgrown with many rumors and legends.

Syphilis or gonorrhea can be contracted in everyday life, for example, by taking a bath after a sick relative. Nearly all microorganisms that cause sexually transmitted diseases can remain viable on a damp towel or washcloth for several hours. But if you follow the basic rules of hygiene, that is, do not wear other people's things (including earrings), do not smoke someone else's cigarette, do not use someone else's lipstick, do not brush your teeth with someone else's brush, and so on, you cannot get infected. Domestic infections are rare, but still occur. Dangers of occupational infection are most often exposed to doctors - surgeons, dentists and gynecologists. They come into contact with an environment in which there may be pathogens, and gloves sometimes break.

If a man is ill with gonorrhea several times, he will become impotent. If the disease is treated immediately and correctly, it will not affect male potency. If not, gonococci make their way up the genitourinary tract and can cause infertility, impotence, and other diseases.

New microorganisms have appeared that can penetrate even through a condom. In fact, a condom (both female and male) protects against infections in most cases. Provided that it has a quality certificate, is correctly selected (this applies to male condoms, since they come in different sizes) and used correctly. A woman can reduce the likelihood of infection by using candles, cream, pills. True, these funds will not protect her partner. By the way, oral sex is just as dangerous as traditional sex. Indeed, in the oral cavity, microbes can live no less comfortably than in the vagina.

Oral sex is safe. Most sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted through oral sex without a condom. However, it should be noted that the risk of infection is lower than with sexual intercourse in the vagina.

A diagnostic method has appeared that allows one to determine all diseases by one analysis. One of the methods of modern diagnostics (PCC-polymerase chain reactions) really allows you to identify the "culprit" of the disease, including venereal disease. But this method has its own nuances. If, for example, a person was ill with chlamydia, then for some time in his body may remain "traces" of this disease. Therefore, only a doctor should choose which analysis to do (and there are many of them - bacteriological, bacterioscopic, serological, cultural).

Sexual contacts with persons who are periodically tested for sexually transmitted diseases (workers in trade, food production, childcare, etc.) are not associated with the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. It is difficult to agree with this. First, such mass examinations include only a general smear and serological tests for syphilis. At the same time, you can easily miss a number of sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, viral infections), which can proceed without changes in the general smear. Secondly, such surveys are often carried out formally or generally "virtually".

There are antibiotics that can cure any infection in as little as three days. There is no universal pill for all diseases. For example, syphilis is best treated with penicillin drugs, chlamydia - tetracycline drugs. Moreover, special rigid schemes are used only in the treatment of syphilis and gonorrhea. For other diseases, the doctor chooses medicines in each specific case and adjusts their intake. "Amateur" in the treatment of venereal diseases is categorically contraindicated. Indeed, using one drug for the same ailment, you can get completely different results, which depends ... on the acidity of the stomach, for example. Moreover, sexually transmitted diseases are rarely found alone. Most often, "in company" with gonorrhea it is necessary to treat trichomoniasis or chlamydia, and sometimes diseases that are far from dermatovenerology, for example, viral hepatitis, which is transmitted through intimacy. By curing one of them with a drug recommended by a neighbor or a medical reference book, other microorganisms can develop strong immunity to this drug. And don't ignore the recommendations for taking medication. Did you know that alcohol, even in small amounts (beer, rum-cola), interacts with an antibiotic like an alkali with an acid? The usual neutralization reaction occurs!

It is almost impossible to cure chlamydia. Properly performed treatment will relieve the patient of chlamydia. True, in addition to antibiotics, immunostimulating drugs will be needed. Chlamydosis is a common cause of both male and female infertility. But even if a woman succeeds in getting pregnant, there may still be a threat of an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage.

With a single proximity with a sick partner, you may not get infected. This happens, but rarely. There are only a few known cases all over the world when fate turned out to be favorable to the spouses of AIDS virus carriers. Most often, the infection still enters the body. Interestingly, only those who have had close contact with the patient are subject to preventive treatment (prescribed to prevent disease), for example, syphilis. So if a man cheated on his wife with a suspicious person and the next day he returned to the matrimonial bed, and then came to his senses and ran to the doctor, injections will be prescribed only to the perpetrator of the incident. The incubation period for most infections is long enough for the wife to become infected too.

Douching immediately after intercourse can significantly reduce the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases in women. According to modern concepts, douching does not reduce the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Moreover, it promotes the movement of pathogens into the upper sections of the female genital organs, contributing to the development of complications (inflammation of the uterus and uterine appendages).

Urination and washing of the genitals immediately after sexual intercourse can significantly reduce the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases in men. The risk of infection may decrease slightly, but how much is not known exactly. There will be no harm from such preventive measures. However, you should not rely on their effectiveness.

There are methods to reduce the risk of infection in extreme situations, such as if a condom breaks. In the arsenal of doctors there really are such means, they must be used within a few hours after intercourse. But still, these drugs do not guarantee one hundred percent safety. For several months, you need to monitor your health and, at the slightest suspicion, consult a doctor. But what if the condom breaks, but there is no life-saving medicine at hand? Empty the bladder as soon as possible, wash the external genitals with laundry soap and immediately consult a doctor.

Prophylaxis with chlorhexidine (miramistin, gibitan, etc.) is a reliable method for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. This is a very unreliable method. It does not provide any guarantees (despite the promises of the manufacturers). Moreover, in some cases, such prevention can do more harm than good. For example, a person completely relying on this method lives a promiscuous sex life without a condom. However, he does not consider it necessary to be checked by a venereologist. As a result, he risks acquiring a whole "bouquet" of sexually transmitted diseases. In addition, in women, douching with chlorhexidine contributes to the development of vaginal dysbiosis - the so-called bacterial vaginosis (gardnerellosis).


Watch the video: STDs Overview (January 2021).