Worms (Entozoa s. Helminthes) - worms that parasitize inside the body of various animals (in some cases on the body); These are: 1) tapeworms (Cestodes), 2) flukes (Trematodes), 3) roundworms (Nematodes) and 4) thorn-headed worms (Acanthocephali). The most common human worms: roundworm, pinworm (Oxyuris vermicularis), tapeworm (Bothriocephalus latus), pork and bovine tapeworm (Taenia solium. T. saginata), etc.
Worms can live in the intestines and internal organs. Intestinal worms cause a variety of disorders of the digestive organs and general nutritional and nervous system disorders; expelled by anthelmintics. Worms of internal organs are much more dangerous (vesicular tapeworm worm in the brain or heart, echinococcus, trichina), often lead to death.
Infection with worms occurs either through the testicles that enter with water, dust or food, or through the eaten meat, in which the embryos or larvae of the worms are located. (the so-called vesicular form, cysticercus of tapeworms in pork and beef - "phynose meat").
Preservatives against worms:
1) eating meat only in a well-cooked or fried form;
2) extreme neatness in the preparation and use of food.
It is known that worms, they are helminths, have been accompanying humans since ancient times - signs of infection with them were found even in the mummies of the pharaohs. The results of helminthic invasion can be very diverse: from the complete absence of symptoms to severe illness and death. Like any large-scale problem, worm diseases give rise to a lot of misconceptions. Here are the most common ones.
Worms are a problem in the underdeveloped countries of Asia and Africa, we have nothing to worry about. In fact, the problem of worms is relevant all over the world. According to the World Health Organization, about 1.2 billion people a year are affected by ascaris alone worldwide. Moreover, not all of them are residents of developing countries. Every third European is the "owner" of one or more types of helminths.
If you follow the rules of hygiene, worms are not terrible. This statement is only partly true. Indeed, if you keep your hands clean, eat only washed vegetables and fruits - the risk of picking up a "portion" of helminth eggs from the soil is significantly reduced. Helminths, parasitizing in the human body, are divided into three groups: nematodes - roundworms (pinworm, roundworm, whipworm, etc.); cestodes - tapeworms (bovine, pork and dwarf tapeworms, wide tapeworm, etc.); trematodes - flatworms (liver, feline, and other flukes). In total, there are more than 300 species of parasitic worms. decreases. However, a similar gift can be obtained with the meat of an infected animal, and from your beloved cat or dog, and even by sipping a little water while swimming in an open reservoir.
There are no worms in the meat from the store. Not only meat from stores, but also what is sold in the markets must be tested for the presence of eggs and parasite larvae. However, these measures still do not give a 100% guarantee. Indeed, for microscopy, several small samples are taken from different parts of a piece of meat, and if there are few eggs, they may simply not get into the material for research. In addition, there are also unscrupulous traders who manage to sell meat that has not passed due control.
In thermally processed foods, helminths die. This statement is true, but not for all types of worms. The fact is that the larvae of some of them (including one of the most dangerous - Trichinella), developing in the muscles of the animal, are covered with a dense capsule rich in calcium. This capsule protects the parasite larva from the action of high temperature, but dissolves in the hydrochloric acid of the stomach, allowing the helminth to "populate" the human body.
Only disadvantaged groups of the population are infected with worms. Not true. The risk is almost the same, only the infection routes are different. A wealthy person can get himself a "freeloader" by eating raw fish (for example, sushi) or roast beef with blood; when swimming in a pond; from a pet, etc.
The main sign of infection with worms is thinness with a good appetite. In fact, the subtleties of metabolism are an individual thing. Someone can eat whatever they want, at any time, and remain thin without any parasites. Moreover, weight loss, as a result of helminthic invasion, appears only at the later stages of the development of the disease, when a large number of "dependents" appear in the body. In general, helminths may not manifest themselves for a long time, and a person feels practically healthy. The most frequent complaints of infection with worms are nonspecific, they are: nausea, salivation; diarrhea, constipation; itching, allergies (up to bronchial asthma); asthenia, nervousness, irritability; pain in muscles and joints.
Teeth grinding in a dream in children is a sign of infection with worms. Although research on this topic has been carried out several times, the connection between worms and teeth grinding has never been found. Teeth grinding in sleep (bruxism) occurs due to malocclusion, diseases of the ENT organs or nervous disorders. A more reliable sign of a child's infection with worms is itching in the perineum. He often worries children with pinworms. This is because during the night's sleep, the female pinworm crawls out of the anus to lay eggs in the folds around the anus. This exercise is accompanied by itching, sometimes so intense that the child wakes up. Pinworm eggs under the nails, "obtained" by scratching, serve as a source of re-infection.
No need to drink "chemical" medicine for worms, because there are many safe folk remedies. Quite the opposite. Most folk remedies are either ineffective (such as onions and garlic) or highly toxic and even poisonous (such as male fern). At the same time, modern pharmaceuticals are highly effective and relatively low in toxicity.
You can get rid of worms with enemas. Firstly, many helminths live outside the intestine, or in its upper sections, where the contents of the enema cannot reach in principle. Secondly, parasitic worms living in the lower intestines are well adapted to this. They are firmly attached to the intestinal mucosa with suction cups or denticles, and some even insert their head end into the intestinal wall. Therefore, an enema can do them no more harm than a person washing in the shower. Thus, no one is one hundred percent insured against helminths. Therefore, both adults and children should be tested for helminthic invasion at least once every few years, even if nothing bothers. It does not take a lot of effort, time and money, at the same time helping to get rid of uninvited "tenants" in time.